History test ch. 18 and 19

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  1. Nuremburg tirals
    the court proceedings after WWII in which Nazi leaders were tried for crimes against humanity
  2. united nations
    peace keeping organization after WWII
  3. Big Three
    • Winston Churchill-Great Britian
    • Franklin Roosevelt-US
    • Joseph Stalin-Soviet Union
  4. Potsdam Conference
    • resulted in the division of Germany into 4 military zones¬†
    • revealed the growing tension between the US and the Soviet Union
  5. Cold War
    hostility and conflict without fighting
  6. Satellite nations
    nations controlled by the Soviet Union
  7. Containment
    US policy of stopping the spread of communism
  8. Iron Curtain
    phrase coined by Winston Churchill describing the division of Europe during the Cold War
  9. Truman Doctrine
    • March 1947
    • sent money to Greece and Turkey to stop the spread of communism
  10. Marshall plan
    massive financial aid to rebuild Europe after WWII
  11. Berlin Airlift
    • 1948-1949
    • when US and British planes carried food and supplies to west Berlin which had been cut off by a Soviet Blockade
  12. NATO
    • 1949
    • the defense alliance between the US and Western Europe
  13. Chiang Kai Shek
    the democratic nominee in china supported by the US and defeated by his opponent, Mao Zedong
  14. Mao Zedong
    Communist nominee in China supported by Soviet Union and defeated Chiang Kai Shek
  15. 38th parallel
    imaginary line that divides North and South Korea
  16. Korean War
    • 1950-1953
    • started when North Korea invaded South Korea to spread communism
  17. Douglas MacArthur
    was the commander of the combined UN and south Korean forces
  18. MacArthur v. Truman
    controversy between the two about dropping atomic bombs in China so Truman fired MacArthur
  19. Stalemate
    deadlock where neither side can win
  20. HUAC
    congressional committee that investigated Communist influence inside and outside the US government
  21. Hollywood Ten
    a group of entertainers who were accused of being communist
  22. blacklist
    a list of about 500 actors, writers, producers, and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood films
  23. Alger Hiss
    accused by Whitaker Chambers of being a communist spy
  24. Julius and Ethel Rosenburg
    • provided the Soviet Union with atomic-energy secrets during WWII¬†
    • both were executed in the electric chair
  25. McCarthyisms
    has referred to the unfair tactic of accusing people of disloyalty without providing evidence
  26. The H-bomb
    a thermonuclear weapon much more powerful than an atomic bomb
  27. brinkmanship
    going to the edge of war
  28. CIA
    US agency created to gather secret information about foreign governments
  29. Warsaw pact
    the defense alliance with the Soviet Union and its satellite countries
  30. Suez Canal Crisis
    when egyptian president, Gamal Nasser, took control of the Suez Canal to earn money for a dam in the Nile River
  31. Eisenhower Doctrine
    stated that the US would defend the middle east against a Soviet attack
  32. Sputnik
    First satellite launched by Russia in 1957
  33. NASA
    agency created in 1958 to promote space technology
  34. Nikita Khrushchev
    became the new Soviet leader in 1953
  35. U-2 incident
    when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down in Russia and our spy Francis Gary Powers was captured
  36. GI Bill of Rights
    • aka Serviceman readjustment act of 1948
    • FDR signs and it provides education and loans for houses for returning WWII veterans
  37. Suburbs
    residential district on the outskirts of a city
  38. William Levitt
    helped create the suburban lifestyle 1949
  39. Election of 1948
    • Democrat-Harry Truman-Winner
    • Dixiecrat-Strom Thurmond
    • Progressives-George Wallace
    • Republican-Thomas Dewey
  40. Jackie Robinson
    first black professional baseball player in 1947
  41. Fair Deal
    Truman's economic programs, an extension of the FDR's new deal
  42. Election of 1952
    • Dwight Eisenhower-Republican-Winner
    • Adlai Stevenson-Democrat
  43. Checkers speech
    Richard Nixon's speech which was an early example of a politician using TV to appeal to voters 1952
  44. baby boom
    • 1957 when WWII veterans returned and started families
    • one baby was born every 7 seconds
  45. Jonas Salk
    developed a vaccine for polio
  46. Interstate Highway Act 1956
    created interstates across America to help with the transportation of goods in case of a bombing
  47. consumerism
    buying material goods
  48. planned odsolenscence
    policy of making goods that last only a few months or years
  49. Federal Communication Commission (FCC)
    duty was to regulate communication by telephone, telegraph, radio, and television
  50. Beat Generation
    • social and artistic movement of the 1950's stressing nonconformity with mainstream culture
    • also called Beatnik
  51. Elvis Presley
    "rock n rolls" leading artist in the 1950's
  52. urban renewal
    the tearing down and replacing of buildings in rundown inner-city neighborhoods
  53. Bracero
    a Mexican laborer allowed to enter the US to work for a limited time period during WWII
  54. termination policy
    elimination federal economic support and discontinued the reservation system for Native American tribes
Card Set
History test ch. 18 and 19
COach kelly quiz
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