1. Health Psychology
    the study of psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of health and illness
  2. Four Goals of Health Psychology
    • 1. prevent, diagnose, treat, and rehabilitate physical and mental illness
    • 2. study psychological, social, emotional and behavioral factors in physical and mental illness
    • 3. improve the healthcare system and health policy
  3. Biopsychosocial Model
    assumes that health and illness are a result of biological, psychological, and social reasons that result in biological, psychological, and social outcomes
  4. Epidemiology
    the study of the frequency, distribution, and causes of death, disease, and suffering
  5. Morbidity
    the number of cases of a particular disease or cause
  6. Mortality
    the number of associated with a particular cause or disease
  7. Prevalence
    the number of people that currently have the disease
  8. Factors driving prevalence rates
    • decreased by - mortality rate, curability
    • increased by - incidence
  9. Incidence
    the number of new people in the population that acquired the disease
  10. Correlational Research
    a technique for measuring the defree of relationship between two variables
  11. Predictor Variable
    variable used to predict the value of another variable
  12. Outcome Variable
    variable measured to look for effects from the predictor variable
  13. R-squared
    the percent of one variable that is accounted for by the other
  14. What aids in establishing causation?
    • - temporal order: if A is going to cause B, A must occur before B
    • - logical relationship: how does A cause B?
    • e
    • - elimination or other causes
  15. The "Hard Problem"
    do our minds effect our bodies?
  16. Dualism
    idea that the mind and brain have no relationship; they are fundamentally different and do not impact one another
  17. Dualism Challenges
    • - very little evidence
    • - case of Finneus Gage (roadworker who EXP severe personality changes after a brain trauma)
  18. Identity Theory
    idea that the mind and brain are the same
  19. Challenges to the Identity Theory
    - how can material and mental events be the same thing? (unconscious actions = abstract feelings?)

    - what if a variety of brain states lead to the same "mind" state (depression triggered by hormones or sad events)
  20. Functionalism
    idea that the mind is what the brain does (scientific supported theory)
  21. Challenges to functionalism
    • - humans are often compared to computers in this sense, but we can EXP more
    • - what about bidirectional relationships?
  22. Materialism
    idea that the brain causes the mind; the idea that we have of "who we are" doesn't exist; epiphenominalism
  23. Challenges to Materialism
    doesn't make sense or fit with subjective experience
  24. Systematic Review
    looks at research validity to get an answer to a problem that common studies tried to answer
  25. Systematic Review of Cancer and Positive Attitude
    3 out of 10 with the "fighting spirit" showed a reduction in cancer recurrence while 5 showed no relation
  26. Culture (as dynamic yet stable)
    ideals within cultures always exist, but they change with time
  27. Race
    heritable characteristics; physical appearance
  28. Ethnicity
    psychological sense of similarity to others of the same
  29. Culture
    shared customs of communication and common experience
  30. Social Identity
    sense of who one is based on group membership
  31. Intersectionality
    to take into consideration all of the social categories that power and oppression rest on
  32. Cultural Psychology
    the individual interaction with the cultural environment
  33. Disease
    malfunctioning or mal-adaption of biological, psychological, and physiological processes (treated by physicians)
  34. Illness
    experiences of how disease psychologically impacts an individual; disvalued changes in states of being, social function, etc.
  35. Cultural Competence
    the ability to work effectively with individuals from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds or in settings where several cultures coexist
  36. Cultural Sensitivity
    awareness of the potential and actual cultural factors that affect interactions with a client
  37. Health Literacy
    the ability to understand and act on a physicians instructions
  38. Cultural Influence on Health and Illness
    lifestyle, diet, stress, differing beliefs (disease etiology, appropriate treatments, proper self care)
  39. Stress
    unpleasant state of arousal in which people perceive the demands of an event as exceeding their ability to satisfy or alter those demands
  40. Role of Perception
    whether an event is perceived stressful or not depends on resources and coping strategies
  41. Allostasis
    the process if achieving homeostasis through physiological or behavioral change
  42. Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS)
    increased heart rate, circulation, metabolism, and decreased digestion and other peripheral systems; contributes to susceptibility to illness
  43. Allostatic Load
    "the wear and tear" which grows over time with exposure to repeated or chronic stress
  44. General Adaptation Syndrome
    states that our bodies develop illness due to stress and will suppress the immune system to fight/cope with illness
  45. Psychoneuroimmunology
    study of interaction between psychological processes and immune function
Card Set
cards for health psych test no.1