Interpersonal Chap 2

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  1. Self Concept
    • set of perceptions individuals hold about themselves 
    • how we see ourselves
    • not born with it
    • emotional state, moods, feelings, beliefs, talents etc.
  2. Self Esteem
    • how you evaluate yourself
    • evaluate self worth
    • has impact on self concept
  3. Biology
    • personality, characteristic way we behave in any situation
    • big five OCEAN (open, conscientious, extroverted, agreeable, neurotic)
    • most people lie somewhere b/w 2 polar ends
  4. OCEAN
    open, conscientious, extroverted, agreeable, neurotic
  5. Socialization
    • reference groups, people we surround ourselves with
    • better or worse than others
    • play a major role in how we see ourselves
  6. Reflective Appraisal
    • how others see us
    • feedback, both verbal and nonverbal
    • begins early in life
  7. Subjective
    • may be inaccurate, often distorted 
    • what distorts it?
    • Obsolete info - clinging to past failures
    • Distorted feedback - overly critical parents
    • Emphasis on perfection - media, childrens stories, eg. photoshop
  8. Self Concept Resists Change
    • Cognitive Conservatism - attend to and seek info that confirms to an existing self concept. eg. negative people find negative people
    • we are reluctant to revise an old truth b/c we believe the old one still stands. eg ugly kids think they are ugly adults
    • this creates self dilusion and lack of growth. Is obsolete
  9. Cognitive Conservatism
    • attend to and seek info that confirms to an existing self concept.
    • eg. negative people find negative people
  10. Diversity
    more and more minorities in Canada
  11. Culture
    • individualistic vs collectivism 
    • who am I? Different meanings in different countries
    • can affect comm
  12. Self Fulfilling Prophecy
    • prediction or expectation that makes an outcome of an event more likely to happen.
    • 4 stages - 
    • 1. Hold expectation
    • 2. Behave in accordance w/ expectation
    • 3. Expectation comes to pass
    • 4. Reinforce the original expectation
  13. Self Imposed Prophecy
    Your expectations influence your behaviour
  14. Other implied prophecy
    • Your actions are governed by expectations of others
    • eg. grade 6 class example.
  15. Changing self concept
    • have realistic perception of self
    • have realistic expectations
    • have the will to change
    • have the skill to change
  16. Have Realistic Perception of self
    • negative feedback makes it hard to know self concept
    • giving too much credit to yourself
  17. Have realistic expectations
    • dissatisfaction can come from high expectations
    • nobody is perfect
    • this happens (sometimes) b/c the people around us are "happier"
  18. Have the will to change
    • want and be willing to to work towards change
    • sacrifice
  19. Have the skill to change
    • seek advice (books, experts)
    • observe models
    • Gather outside info
  20. Identity Mgmt
    comm strategies people use to influence how others view you
  21. Percieved Self
    • Person you believe yourself to be in moments of HONEST self examination
    • can be identical or different from presenting or deal self
    • private b/c we often don't reveal it ALL to another person
  22. Presenting self
    • public image, how we want others to view us
    • we seek to create a socially acceptable image
  23. We Strive to Construct Multiple Id's
    • we have a wide range of Id's (student, parent, jokester)
    • connecting these shows comm competence
  24. Id mgmt is collaborative
    we create our own role based on how we want others to see us
  25. Id mgmt can be deliberate or unconcious
    • sometimes we're aware of managing impressions eg job interview
    • in face to face conversations we mimic other communicator
Card Set
Interpersonal Chap 2
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