Chapter 17 history test

  1. Isolationism
    separating from the European Countries to prevent future wars
  2. Washington Naval Conference
    • In 1921
    • Hosted by the US
    • focused on naval disarmament and Pacific security
    • Organized by Secretary of state Charles Hughes
  3. Five Power Treaty
    • called for a ten year naval holiday during which no battleships or battle cruisers would be built
    • signed by Great Britain, Japan, France, and Italy
  4. Four Power Treaty
    • a treaty with Great Britian, France, Japan, and the US
    • pledging to respect one another's territory in the Pacific Ocean
  5. Arms Race
    countries competing to build up their military faster
  6. Kellog-Briand Pact
    62 nations agreed that they would never make war again
  7. Neutrality Acts
    laws passed in the 1930's to prevent US involvement in another war
  8. Dictator of Italy
    Benito Mussolini
  9. Fascism
    political movement characterized by the belief that the country/state is more important than the people and that a nation should have a strong centralized government headed by a dictator
  10. Communist Dictator of the Soviet Unioin
    Joseph Stalin
  11. Totalitarian state
    a government with a dictator with total control of everything
  12. Nazi Party
    Political party created in Germany by Adolf Hitler
  13. Dictator in Germany
    Adolf Hitler
  14. Antisemetism
    hatred of jews
  15. Nuremberg
    instituted by Hitler in 1935 to deprive Jews of their German Citizenship and authorized the destruction of Jews
  16. Dictator of Spain
    Francisco Franco
  17. Selective Service Act
    provided 16.5 million men to the armed forces between the ages of 18 and 45
  18. Women's Army Corps (WAC)
    • headed by Ovetta Hobby 
    • they worked as nurses, drove vehicles, and ferried planes in order to free men for active duty
  19. Executive Order 9066
    ordered all Japanese Americans away from Army Military Facility in the US
  20. Nisei
    a person who was born in America and had never left America but had Japanese decent so they were hated
  21. Koremats vs. US
    1944 Supreme Court ruled that the relocation of Japanese Americans was constitutional
  22. Toot-Suit Riots
    series of attacks by US sailors against hispanics in Los Angeles
  23. Rosie the Riveter
    symbol of the Patriotic Female Defense Worker
  24. War Production Board
    supervised the conversion of industry from peacetime to wartime production
  25. Rationing
    using less or limiting the number that a person can use
  26. George Marshal
    US Army Chief of Staff
  27. Dwight Eisenhower
    allied commander in Europe
  28. Stalingrad
    turning point in WWII in Europe
  29. Operation Torch
    code name given to the invasion of Northern Africa
  30. Erwin Rommel
    leader of German Troops in North Africa
  31. D-Day
    • June 6,1944 
    • largest Amphibian assault in US history
  32. Battle of the Bulge
    the last major German offensive movement in December of 1944
  33. Election of 1944
    Roosevelt wins 4th quote
  34. V-E Day
    • May 8,1945
    • America Wins War
  35. Douglas MacArthur
    allied commander in the Pacific during World War II
  36. Battle of Coral Sea
    first navy battle with no ship-to-ship contact
  37. island hopping
    WWII strategy in the pacific where you bypass the unimportant island to defeat Japan
  38. Kamakazes
    Japanese suicide planes
  39. Okinawa
    • June 22, 1945 
    • Japan used 1,900 Kamakazi attack
    • 110,000 japanese troops die 
    • US wins
  40. Iwo Jima
    Island in the Pacific that was critical for US to win
  41. Manhattan Project
    • code name for the building of the atonic bomb
    • by Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer
  42. August 6, 1945
    • the city of Hiroshima the atomic bomb "Little Boy"
    • in 43 sec. the city collapsed and 71,000 died instantly
  43. August 9, 1945
    the city Nagasaki the atomic bomb "Fatman" leveled half the city
  44. V-J Day
    victory in Japan, took over Japan unconditionally for five years on September 2, 1945
  45. Axis Powers
    Germany, Italy, and Japan
  46. Allied Powers
    Great Britain, France, Russia, and US
  47. Munich Pact
    Sudetanland and Czechoslovakia would be Germany's last territorial gain
  48. Neville Chamberlain
    peacetime Prime Minister of Great Britian
  49. Appeasement
    the policy of giving in the demands of a hostile power to keep peace
  50. Winston Churchill
    wartime Prime Minister of Great Britian
  51. Nye Committee
    investigated why US went to WWI found money as the answer
  52. Panay Incident
    the bombing of a US navy gunboat on the Yangtzee River
  53. Non-agression Pact
    an agreement no to attack each other
  54. September 1, 1939
    WWII began when Germany invaded Poland
  55. Election of 1940
    • FDR- Democrat and won
    • Wendell Willkie-Republican
  56. Land-lease act
    law passed in 1941 that allowed the US to offer weapons and supplies to the Allied powers during WWII
  57. Blitzkrieg
    • "lightening war"
    • airplanes, tanks, and then men
  58. Atlantic Charter
    • Secret meeting between FDR and Churchill on a warship off the coast of Newfoundland
    • agreed that people had the right to choose their own government
  59. December 7, 1941
    Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor bringing the US into WWII
Card Set
Chapter 17 history test
Chapter 17 test