Pathology: Introduction

  1. DEFINE: disease
    Any deviation from the normal structure of function of the human body.
  2. DEFINE: pathology
    The scientific study of disease
  3. DEFINE: general pathology
    The study of basic processes at a cellular level
  4. DEFINE: systematic pathology
    The study of the diseases themselves
  5. DEFINE: pathogens
    Any disease producing microorganism
  6. What are the two types of pathogens?
    • 1. Endogenous
    • 2. Exogenous
  7. DEFINE: endogenous
    Develops or originates within the body
  8. DEFINE: exogenous
    Develops or originates outside the body
  9. DEFINE: idiopathic
    Unknown or spontaneous cause
  10. DEFINE: iatrogenic
    Disease caused by treatment (side effects of treatment)
  11. DEFINE: nosocomial infections
    Diseases acquired simply by being hospitalized
  12. As a therapist, the best thing that you can do to prevent the spread of disease is to:
    • Wash your hands
    • Keep hands away from your face
  13. Why can nosocomial infections occur?
    • Immune systems are weak
    • Medical procedures bypass the body's natural defenses
    • Medical staff provide a way for pathogens to spread
  14. What is wrong with the statement: "Massage Therapy is Contraindicated"?
    It's too general and depends on...

    • 1. Client
    • 2. Modality
    • 3. Pathology
  15. What are the three considerations for determining if a client is contraindicated for massage and give examples?
    • 1. Client: male/female, age, medications, etc.
    • 2. Modality: deep/superficial, duration of massage, what modality you are using
    • 3. Pathology: what disease(s) the client has
  16. DEFINE: epidemiology
    The study of the frequency and distribution of disease.  Ex. how often does it occur, who gets the disease, etc.
  17. DEFINE: etiology
    The study of the cause of disease.  Ex. virus, bacterium, chemical, genetic, etc.
  18. DEFINE: pathogenesis
    The development of disease
  19. DEFINE: pathology or structural alterations
    The physical change accompanying or induced by the disease in cells and organs.
  20. DEFINE: signs
    Physical observations and measures; objective data
  21. DEFINE: symptoms
    Perceptions of the client; subjective data
  22. DEFINE: diagnosis
    The act of naming a disease in an individual
  23. DEFINE: complications
    A disease concurrent (happening at the same time) with another disease
  24. DEFINE: functional significance
    The impact of the disease on the individual
  25. DEFINE: prognosis
    The expected or probable outcome of a disease
  26. DEFINE: treatment
    Management and care of the individual in order to fight of the disease
  27. DEFINE: acute
    • Short lived
    • Rapid onset, short and relatively severe duration, often followed by rapid resolution
  28. DEFINE: chronic
    • Long lasting
    • Persisting over a long period of time, may follow an acute initial episode or have a more insidious (gradual and more subtle) onset.
  29. DEFINE: intrinsic
    Situated entirely within
  30. DEFINE: extrinsic
    Coming from or originating outside
Card Set
Pathology: Introduction
Flashcards for pathology