the application of ecological knowledge to populations of non-fish vertebrates and their plant and animal associates in a manner that strikes a balance between the needs of wildlife and the needs of people
What were the early objectives of wildlife management?
first: improve hunting for and by private landowners (in England)
then: save & perpetuate (after exploitation) or preservation
What were the first steps towards conservation?
1. harvest restrictions
2. law enforcement
What were peoples' attitudes about wildlife up until the early 1900s?
not worried, thought wildlife would replenish itself
don't worry about running out of water until they see the bottom of the barrel
What makes up the animal dimension?
principles of WDLM
How much were big game resources reduced?
What did Gifford Pinchot do for conservation?
coined the term "conservation"
America's first forester
What did Theodore Roosevelt do for conservation?
introduced conservation to the public
demanded science be cornerstone of conservation
took first inventory of the nation's natural resources
created first wildlife refuge
founded Boone & Crocket Club
What did Aldo Leopold do for conservation?
father of wildlife management
founded the Wilderness Society (now Wildlife Society)
What did John Muir do for conservation?
father of National Parks
influenced Congress to set aside land for national parks
founded Sierra Club
What did John J. Audubon do for conservation?
naturalist and painter
authored the "birds of america"
What did Jay Norwood Darling do for conservation?
asked to head the US Biological Survey by Roosevelt
What did John Wesley Powell do for conservation?
author and naturalist
explored the grand canyon and the colorado river
What did Clinton Hart Merriam do for conservation?
naturalist and taxonomist
author of the life zone concept (detailed relationship btw animal/plant distribution and temp patterns)
named the mourning dove after his daughter
also named the wild turkey and kangaroo rat after himself
What are the 3 disciplines of wildlife management?