Helping Relationships

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  1. What is the emphasis of Adlerian theory?
    Social factors and a teleleological focus on future goals. Strivings for superiority.
  2. What is the emphasis of Jungian theory?
    Emphasis on future goals and aspirations and self-realization.
  3. What is the personal conscious and whose theory is it?
    Experiences, memories, etc., that have been forgotten, repressed or suppressed. Jung.
  4. What is the goal of Jung's theory of development?
    To achieve individuation - the incorporation of the unconscious into the conscious and unity among thinking, feeling, sensing and intuiting. He Jung claimed that people become receptive to this in middle age.
  5. Describe the following four techniques of Jungian therapy: word association test, analysis of dreams, symptom analysis and life history.
    1) Used to identify complexes that might have control over the personality. 2) Used to uncovere unconscious elements of the personality which are in symbolic form. 3) The client's expressed symptoms and free association to them. 4) Extensive life history taken to determine developmental patterns.
  6. Whose theory emphasizes inferiority/superiority striving?
  7. According to ___________, a mistaken life is characterized by what?
    Adler, self-centeredness, competitiveness and striving for personal power.
  8. According to Adler, a healthy life is characterized by what?
    A Willingness to cooperate with others for the common good.
  9. Describe whose techniques the following belong to and what they mean: life-style investigation, drams, interpretation of resistance/transference, and role playing.
    Adler. 1) Info about the family atmosphere, birth order, memories, basic mistakes (distorted beliefs) and strengths and weaknesses 2) Rehearsals for future courses of action and it helps to use these to determine a client's progress in therapy 3) These reflect the client's current style of life 4) Used to try out new behaviors.
  10. Adlerian therapy is also called ____________.
    Individual (ironic)
  11. In psychoanalysis, which is the longest phase of therapy?
    Working through
  12. What is the defense mechanism of displacement?
    The transfer of an instinctual drive from its original target to something less threatening so the drive can be met.
  13. When do the id, ego and superego develop
    • id - born with it
    • ego - 6 months old - reality
    • superego - 4 or 5 - parental/societal
  14. Which has the reality principle? Id, ego or superego?
  15. Who are the Neo-Freudians?
    Fromm, Horney, Sullivan.
  16. Fromm's emphasis
    The impact of society on personality development.
  17. Horney's emphasis
    Early interpersonal relationships.
  18. Sullivan's emphasis
    The impact of interpersonal relationships throughout the lifespan. A goal of therapy is to identify parataxic disotrtions so a person can have more satisfying relationships based in reality.
  19. What are parataxic distortions and whose theory are they a part of?
    Sullivan's. Misperceptions which involve responding to a person as though he or she were a significant person from the past  and occurs as a result of an arrest or persistence in the parataxic mode - seeing casual connections but which are actually unrelated.
  20. What is integrative psychotherapy?
    Each ind. has worth. Integrated affect, behavior, cognitions and physiology.
  21. What is integrative theory's view of maladaptive behavior? What causes it?
    Unresolved or disowned aspects of the self.
  22. Which theory encourages good physical health?
  23. In integrative therapy, a person's __________ aspects of the personality are incorporated with the rest of the personality.
  24. What does phenomenological approaches emphasize?
    free will, self-actualization, and here and now experience
  25. Client centered therapy says maladaptive behavior occurs because of ....
    Incongruence between the self and experience which occurs when a person encounters conditions of worth.
  26. Gestalt therapy author
    Fritz Perls
  27. Gestalt therapy premise
    Each person is capable of assuming responsibility and living fully as an integrated person.
  28. Gestalt - what is the difference between self and self-image
    1) the creative aspect of th4e personality which promotes self-actualization. 2) the darker side of the personality which hinders growth.
  29. Gestalt therapies consider ... as the necessary precondition for a healthy and appropriate change in behavior.
    ...awareness of one's here and now thoughts, feelings, and actions.
  30. Gestalt therapy techniques
    No questions, using I statements, directed awareness (what are your hands doing now), games of dialogue (role play), assume responsibility statements, and dream work (viewed as parts of the self not fully integrated).
  31. Transactional Analysis author
    Eric Berne
  32. TA ego states
    parent, adult, child
  33. Goal of TA
    Help patients integrate their three ego states. Adopt an I'm ok you're ok position. Work on communication transactioins.
  34. What is Game analysis in TA?
    repetitive ulterior transactions which may appear to generate intimacy and provide strokes but are actually used to avoid people getting too close to each other.
  35. Reality Therapy author
  36. What is the premise of reality therapy and view of maladaptive behaviors?
    we need to feel loved and we need to feel worthwhile. People need to learn to meet their needs without interfering with the needs of others.
  37. What is success identity and failure identity and what theory does it belong in?
    1) people see themselves as competent, worthwhile and loved 2) helpless, unworthy and loved. Reality Therapy.
  38. Existential therapy author
    Rollo May
  39. What did existential psychology develop as a result of?
    In response to formalized scientific disciplines of psychoanalysis and behaviorism.
  40. What is the difference between existential anxiety and neurotic anxiety?
    1) Anxiety resulting from the prospect of new ways of living which accept and increase personal freedom. 2) when a person attempts to avoid existential anxiety.
  41. Multimodal therapy author
  42. Multimodal Therapy 7 components
    BASIC ID - behavior, affect, senses, images, cognitions, interpersonal relationships, drugs (including physiological).
  43. What is the goal of narrative therapy and what is externalization or objectification?
    The goal is to reauthor a narrative in a way that allows for positive change. By focusing on problems in the context of a narrative rather than on problems as existing internally,  a distance is created that ideally helps both the therapist and the client address the problem.
  44. Systematic desensitization
    replacing an anxiety response with a relaxation response.
  45. Aversive conditioning
    Pairing an unpleasant response with an undesireable behavior
  46. counterconditioning
    a maladaptive response can be reduced or eliminated by the establishment of another incompatible response. You can't do two incompatible responses at the same time.
  47. operant conditioning
    Skinner. positive and negative reinforcement
  48. classical conditioning
Card Set
Helping Relationships
Theories and techniques of each school of therapy
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