Drowning is most common in teenagers and in children younger than:
Which of the following are the major anatomic alterations of the lungs associated with near drowning victims?
3. increased alveolar-capillary membrane thickness
5. excessive bronchial secretions
Which of the following clinical manifestations are associated with near drowning victims?
1. frothy, pink sputum
3. increased pH
4. increases SvO2
Which of the following pulmonary function testing values are associated with near drowning victims?
1. normal or decreased FEV1
2. decreased FVC
3. decreased RV
4. normal or increased FEV1/FVC ratio
Near drowning refers to the situation in which a victim:
What anatomic alterations happen during a wet drowning?
1. the victim coughs out any water
2. the glottis relaxes
3. water enters the airways and alveoli
4. inhaled water causes bronchial constriction
The pulmonary effects of a near drowning victim inhaling water include:
1. capillary fluid moves into alveoli
2. surfactant production is increased
3. pulmonary shunting is increased
4. atelectasis develops
Given the following options, which would occur last in a near drowning sequence?
Which of the following near drowning victims would have the highest chance of survival?
What appears to be the upper limit of survivability of a cold-water near drowning victim?
You have just reached a small child in a swimming pool. She is not breathing and without a pulse. As the first responder, you should do all of the following, except:
An ambulance has just transported an apneic near drowning victim to the Emergency Department. The paramedic is performing bag-mask ventilations for the victim who has a pulse and blood pressure. As the respiratory therapist, what would you recommend be done?
1. initiate mechanical ventilation
2. continue bag-mask ventilations
3. intubate the victim
4. begin chest compressions
A near drowning victim is likely to have the following arterial blood gas values:
1. decreased PaO2
2. decreased pH
3. low PaCO2
4. high PaCO2
It is now the second day after a near drowning victim was admitted to the hospital. What chest radiograph findings would be expected?