Literary Elements in Modern Literature

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  1. What is character?
    • Character can be revealed through the character's actions, speech, and appearance.
    • It can also be revealed by the comments of other characters and of the author.
  2. What is a flat character?
    not fully developed; we know only one side of the character.

    ex.  McDuff's son in Macbeth
  3. What is a round character?
    fully developed, with many traits---bad and good----shown in the story.

    ex.  Macbeth and Lady Macbeth
  4. What is a static character?
    one who does not experience a basic character change during the course of the story.

    ex.  Rosencrantz
  5. What is a dynamic character?
    one who experiences a basic change in character through the events of the story.

    ex. Macbeth, Macduff, Banquo
  6. What is plot?
    the sequence of events which involves the characters in conflict.
  7. What is narrative order?
    the sequence of events
  8. What is conflict?
    the struggle between the protagonist and an opposing force
  9. What are the types of Conflict?
    Internal and External
  10. What are the types of internal Conflict?
  11. What are the types of external conflict?
    • Man against Man
    • Man against Society
    • Man against nature
    • Man against fate
  12. What is included in setting?
    place and time period
  13. What is an integral setting?
    • essential to plot
    • influences action, character, or theme
  14. What is backdrop setting?
    relatively unimportant to the plot
  15. What is theme?
    • underlying meaning of the story
    • a universal truth
    • significant statement
    • society, human nature, or the human condition
  16. What is style?
    the language used in a book, the way the words are put together to create the story.
  17. What are the devices of style?
    imagery and figurative language
  18. What is imagery?
    an appeal to any of the senses--taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell.
  19. What is figurative language?
    uses words in a nonliteral way, giving them a meaning beyond their ordinary one.
  20. What are some examples of figurative language?
    • Simile
    • Metaphor
    • Personification
  21. What are sound devices?
    • Onomatopoeia
    • Rhyme
    • Assonance
    • Consonance
  22. What is a pun?
    a play on words
  23. What is a hyperbole?
    an exagerration
  24. What is an allusion?
    an indirect reference to something outside of the work that everyone should understand
  25. What is a symbol?
    something--a person, object, situation, or action--which operates on two levels, the literal and the symbolic
  26. What is tone?
    the author's attitude toward what he or she writes.
  27. Which is the easiest to recognize?
    • Humor
    • recognition adjectives:
    • humorous, mysterious, creepy, straight-forward, matter-of-fact, exciting, boring, etc.
Card Set
Literary Elements in Modern Literature
Notes given in class the week of 1/27
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