History Test ch. 14 and 15

  1. the causes of the great depression
    • uneven distribution of wealth
    • easy credit
    • unbalanced foreign trade
    • overproduction
    • mechanization
  2. election of 1928
    Herbert Hoover-republican 
  3. Dow Jones
    the average of stock prices of major industries
  4. speculation
    buying shares with borrowed money
  5. Stock Market Crash date
    October 29, 1929
  6. Great Depression
    the deep economic downturn in the US from 1929-the beginning of WWII
  7. Smoot-Hawley Tariff
    highest protective tariff in US history
  8. effects of the Great Depression
    • massive poverty
    • high unemployment
    • homelessness
    • bank closures
    • farmers suffer
    • continued discrimination
  9. soup kitchen
    a place where free or low cost food is served to the needy
  10. bread line
    a line of people waiting for free food
  11. hoovervilles
    tents and shacks built for and by homeless people
  12. dust bowl
    intense time of dust storms and drought
  13. direct relief
    • government gives money, food, and jobs to the needy
    • herbert hoover did not believe in this
  14. rugged individualism
    • success comes from individuals working hard 
    • herbert hoover's plan to revive the US
  15. Boulder Dam
    • hoover's most productive project 
    • a dam in the Colorado River to create Hydroelectricity 
  16. Federal Home Loan Act
    lowered mortgage rates for homeowners and allowed farmers to refinance their farm loans to avoid foreclosure 
  17. reconstruction finance corporation
    loaned money to corporations to keep them alive, and create jobs
  18. Bonus Army
    WWI veterans marched to Washington demanding an early bonus that was promised to them in 1945
  19. election of 1932
    • Herbert Hoover- Republican
    • Franklin Roosevelt- Democrat winner
  20. Brain trust
    FDR's close advisors
  21. New Deal
    FDR's program to provide relief, recovery, and reform
  22. Fireside Chats
    Roosevelt's radio talks that explain his new policies 
  23. The first hundred days of FDR's presidency
    • lasting from March 9 to June 16, 1933
    • during this period Congress passed more than 15 major pieces of legislation 
  24. Deficit Spending
    spending more money than the government receives in revenue 
  25. American Liberty League
    an organization formed in 1934 when some of the strongest conservative opponents banded together 
  26. Charles Coughlin
    • one of FDR's toughest critic
    • Roman Catholic priest
    • had radio programs that combined economic, political, and religious ideas
  27. Francis Townsend
    • one of FDR's Toughest Critic
    • a physician and health officer
    • believed that FDR wasn't doing enough to help the elderly 
  28. Huey Long
    • one of FDR's toughest critics
    • Senator from Louisiana
    • proposed a Share-Our-Wealth Program 
  29. Mary Bethune
    helped organize the "Black Cabinet" to advise the Roosevelt administration on Racial issues 
  30. John Collier
    • appointed by Roosevelt as the commissioner of Indian Affairs
    • helped create the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934
  31. Indian Reorganization Act 1934- changes in three areas
    • economic- Native American lands would belong to an entire tribe
    • Cultural- Children should attend schools on the reservations 
    • political- Tribes were given permission to elect tribal councils to govern their reservations 
  32. Court-Packing Plan
    FDR's proposal to appoint new members to the supreme court who favored his policies 
  33. Gone with the Wind
    the most famous movie of the 1930s
  34. War of the Worlds
    Most renowned Radio Broadcast of all time created by Orson Welles 
  35. American Goth
    Most famous painting of the 1930s by Grant Wood
  36. The Grapes Of Wrath
    novel that revealed the lives of Oklahomans who left the Dust Bowl and ended up in California 
Card Set
History Test ch. 14 and 15
Coach Kelly test