A&P I Vocab

  1. anatomy
    study of the structure of living organisms and their relationship to one another
  2. physiology
    study of the function of living organisms; how the body parts work and carry out their life-sustaining activities
  3. gross/macroscopic anatomy
    the study of large body structures visible to the naked eye (heart, kidney, lungs)
  4. regional anatomy
    all structures in a particular region are examined the same
  5. systematic anatomy
    body structured is studied system by system
  6. surface anatomy
    the study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface
  7. microscopic anatomy
    deals with structures too small to be seen with the naked eye
  8. cytology
    subdivision of microscopic anatomy which considers the cells of the body
  9. histology
    the study of tissues
  10. developmental anatomy
    traces structural changes that occur in the body throughout the life span
  11. embryology
    concerns developmental changes that occur before birth
  12. renal physiology
    concerns kidney function and urine production
  13. neurophysiology
    explains the workings of the nervous system
  14. cardiovascular physiology
    examines the operation of the heart and blood vessels
  15. principle of complementarity of structure and function
    what a structure can do depends on its specific form
  16. chemical level
    the simplest level of the structural hierarchy; atoms combine to form molecules
  17. cellular level
    all cells have some common functions, but individual cells vary widely in size and shape
  18. movement
    includes the activities promoted by the muscular system, such as propelling ourselves from one place to another
  19. responsiveness/excitability
    the ability to sense changes in the environment and then respond to them
  20. digestion
    the breaking down of ingested foodstuffs to simple molecules that can be absorbed into the blood
  21. metabolism
    a broad term that includes all chemical reactions that occur within body cells
  22. excretion
    the process of removing wastes from the body
  23. reproduction
    the original cell divides producing two identical daughter cells that may then be used for body growth or repair
  24. anabolism
    energy-requiring building phase of metabolism in which simpler substances are combined to form more complex substances
  25. catabolism
    process in which living cells break down substances into simpler substances
Card Set
A&P I Vocab
vocab for chapter 1