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  1. ´╗┐What is the source of basic materials or building blocks for the sustainment of life?
  2. What is used in respiration to help with metabolism?
  3. What helps to regulate metabolic reactions in the body?
  4. What is the most abundant element in the body used as a medium for metabolic reactions as well as to regulate body temperature and transport substances?
  5. This is a force applied to a structure or substance forms of it include hydrostatic and atmospheric.
  6. What is the primary mechanism used in homeostasis that is a deviation from the normal set point?
    Negative feedback
  7. Causes in increase in something to return to a balance inside the body like when u are cut it increases clot formation or when in labor it increases contractions.
    Positive feedback
  8. What senses a change from a normal set point in the body?
  9. What receives signals from a receptor and sends out signals to bring the body back to a balance?
  10. What causes an alteration in the internal environment?
  11. What is a stable internal environment?
  12. This includes the visceral layer and the parietal layer.
    Serous membranes
  13. What lines and is in direct contact with the organs?
    Visceral Layer
  14. What is the purpose of serous fluid?
    To reduce friction during movement.
  15. What lines a cavity where and organ is found?
    Parietal Layer
  16. What is found between two layers of membranes and is there to reduce friction of internal organs?
    Serous Fluid
  17. What is in direct contact with and covers the lungs?
    Visceral Pleura
  18. What is the serous membrane that lines the cavity where the lungs are housed?
    Parietal Pleura
  19. What membranes are located in the pleural cavity?
    Pleural membranes
  20. What contains the lungs?
    Pleural Cavity
  21. What membranes include the visceral and parietal pericardium?
    Pericardial membranes
  22. This is in direct contact with and covers the hearts surface.
    Visceral Pericardium
  23. What lines the cavity in which the heart is found?
    Parietal Pericardium
  24. What is the space between pericardial membranes?
    Pericardial Cavity
  25. What are the membranes that are located in the peritoneal cavity?
    Peritoneal membranes
  26. What is the serous membrane that is direct contact with the viscera?
    Visceral Peritoneum
  27. What is the serous membrane that lines the peritoneal cavity where the viscera are found?
    Parietal Peritoneum
  28. This is the space between the peritoneal membranes.
    Peritoneal Cavity
  29. What system protects underlying tissues, helps to regulate body temp and houses sensory receptors? Also consists of skin, hair, nails, sweat and sebaceous glands?
    Integumentary system
  30. What system is used to maintain posture, move body parts, and is the main sores of body heat?
    Muscle system
  31. What receives, interprets, and acts upon sensory input and includes the brain and spinal cord?
    Nervous system
  32. What produces hormones that regulate body functions by stimulating targeted tissues and consists of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes, pineal
  33. gland, and thymus gland?
    Endocrine system
  34. What consist of the heart and blood vessels and functions include pumping blood and to carry blood to and from body parts to transport oxygen, nutrients, hormones and wastes?
    Cardiovascular system
  35. What consist of lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, and spleen and functions are to transport lymph from tissue spaces to the bloodstream carry certain fatty substances away from digestive organs and contains lymphocytes that defend the body against disease-causing agents?
    Lymphatic system
  36. What consist of the mouth, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small
    intestine and large intestine. And witch functions are to receive food, break down nutrients into forms that can pass through cell membranes and eliminates materials that are not absorbed?
  37. What consist of the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs and has the functions of taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide, exchange gases between the blood and the air and to maintain acid base balance?
    Respiratory system
  38. What consist of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra and functions are to filter wastes from the blood maintain fluid and electrolyte balance and also helps to maintains pH balance?
    Urinary system
  39. What sysem consist of bones, ligaments, and cartilage and functions are to provide framework, protect organs, provide attachments for muscles, to produce blood cells, and store inorganic salts?
    Skeletal system
  40. What for females includes the ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, clitoris, and vulva and for men include the scrotum, testes, epididymides, vasa differentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, urethra, and penis and functions are to produce, maintain, and transport sex cellsas well as house the offspring?
    Reproductive system
  41. u can remember them all
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chapter 1
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