- Using very few words.(of a person, speech, or style of writing)"his laconic reply suggested a lack of interest in the topic"
- fearless; adventurous
- "our intrepid reporter"
- not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily.
- "she was extremely reticent about her personal affairs"
1.able to burn or corrode organic tissue by chemical action."a caustic cleaner"
- 2.sarcastic in a scathing and bitter way."the players were making caustic comments about the refereeing"
- 1.forcibly pull (something) from a person's grasp."Leila tried to wrest her arm from his hold" (verb)
- 2.a key for tuning a harp or piano.(noun)
- in an initial stage; beginning to happen or develop."he could feel incipient anger building up"
- shaking or quivering slightly.
- "Barbara's voice was tremulous"
1. react angrily or defensively, typically by drawing oneself up. (verb)
2. (of hair or fur) stand upright away from the skin, esp. in anger or fear. (verb)
- a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing."“downsizing” as a euphemism for cuts"
- not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something.
- "the duffel coat looked incongruous with the black dress she wore underneath"
refuse to accept or be associated with.
- "she has repudiated policies associated with previous party leaders"
brisk and cheerful readiness.
- "she accepted the invitation with alacrity"
promote or make widely known (an idea or cause).
- "these objectives have to be promulgated within the organization"
reprimand (someone) severely.
"he was castigated for not setting a good example"
- "don't constantly badger people with inane questions"
making or spreading scandalous claims about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation.
"a scurrilous attack on his integrity"
kept secret or done secretively, esp. because illicit.
"she deserved better than these clandestine meetings"
- warn or reprimand someone firmly.
- "she admonished me for appearing at breakfast unshaven"
- threats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do something against their will or better judgment.
- "confessions extracted under duress"
impossible to stop or prevent.
- "the seemingly inexorable march of new technology"
outstandingly bad; shocking.
"egregious abuses of copyright"
(typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter.
"an acrimonious dispute about wages"
the presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts; scarcity.
"a paucity of information"
having a harmful effect, esp. in a gradual or subtle way.
"the pernicious influences of the mass media"
interpret (a word or action) in a particular way.
"his words could hardly be construed as an apology"
1. a sudden charge out of a besieged place against the enemy; a sortie. (noun)
- 2. make a military sortie.(verb)
- "they sallied out to harass the enemy"
feelings of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected.
"I always welcomed clover, much to the consternation of the neighbors"
- 1.(of a child) having developed certain abilities or proclivities at an earlier age than usual.
- "he was a precocious, solitary boy"
- 2. (of behavior or ability) indicative of early development.
- "a precocious talent for computing"
3.(of a plant) flowering or fruiting earlier than usual.
(of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection. Done without care, superficial
"he gave a perfunctory nod"
1. distress or embarrassment at having failed or been humiliated.(noun)
"Jeff, much to his chagrin, wasn't invited"
2. feel distressed or humiliated.
"he was chagrined when his friend poured scorn on him" (verb)
(of a person or their actions) showing a deliberate and obstinate desire to behave in a way that is unreasonable or unacceptable, often in spite of the consequences.
"Kate's perverse decision not to cooperate"
express contempt for; ridicule.
"critics derided the proposals as clumsy attempts to find a solution"
regard or represent as being of little worth.
"he never missed an opportunity to disparage his competitors"
(of an action, idea, or goal) deserving praise and commendation.
"laudable though the aim might be, the results have been criticized"
deliberately avoid using; abstain from.
"he appealed to the crowd to eschew violence"
put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of force.
"extra police were called to quell the disturbance"
speaking or spoken incessantly and fluently.
"she was as voluble as her husband was silent"
1. hesitating or doubting.
"Alex looked dubious, but complied"
2. not to be relied upon; suspect.
"extremely dubious assumptions"
unable to be placated.
"he was an implacable enemy of Ted's"
1. formed of a single large block of stone.
2. (of an organization or system) large, powerful, and intractably indivisible and uniform.
"rejecting any move toward a monolithic European superstate"
feeling or showing anger or annoyance at what is perceived as unfair treatment.
"he was indignant at being the object of suspicion"
based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
"his mealtimes were entirely arbitrary"
prevent or hinder the progress of.
"the changes must not be allowed to stymie new medical treatments"
a sculpture or model of a person.
"coins bearing the effigy of Maria Theresa of Austria"
openly disregard (a rule, law or convention).
"these same companies still flout basic ethical practices"
having knowledge or being aware of.
"statesmen must be cognizant of the political boundaries within which they work"
(esp. in official use) immediately; without delay.
"we undertake to pay forthwith the money required"
make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
"the forest fire was exacerbated by the lack of rain"
surround (a place) with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender; lay siege to.
"the guerrillas continued to besiege other major cities to the north"
a state in which things that are essential for human well-being such as food and warmth are scarce or lacking.
"years of rationing and privation"
present, appearing, or found everywhere.
"his ubiquitous influence was felt by all the family"