AP Euro Socialism

  1. Laissez-fairre
    is an economic environment in which transactions between private parties are free from government restrictions, tariffs, and subsidies, with only enough regulations to protect property rights.
  2. Thomas Malthus
    was a British cleric and scholar, influential in the fields of political economy and demography.
  3. An Essay on the Principle of Population
    A key portion of the book was dedicated to what is now known as Malthus' Iron Law of Population.
  4. Principles of Political Economy
    The last chapter of the book was devoted to rebutting Say's law, and argued that the economy could stagnate with a lack of "effectual demand"
  5. Zollverein
    The Zollverein, or German Customs Union, was a coalition of German states formed to manage tariffs and economic policies within their territories.
  6. Utilitarianism
    Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that the proper course of action is the one that maximizes utility, usually defined as maximizing happiness and reducing suffering.
  7. Jeremy Bentham
    Jeremy Bentham was a Britishphilosopher, jurist, and social reformer. He is regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.
  8. Utopian Socialists
    Utopian socialism is a term used to define the first currents of modern socialist thought as exemplified by the work of Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, and Robert Owen, which inspired Karl Marx and other early socialists.
  9. Saint-Simonianism
    Saint-Simon has been "variously portrayed as a utopian socialist, the founder of sociology and a prescient madman"
  10. Owenism
    Owenism is the utopian socialist philosophy of 19th century social reformer Robert Owen and his followers and successors, who are known as Owenites.
  11. Phalanxes
    The NAP was based on the ideas ofCharles Fourier, and lasted from 1843 to 1855-1856
  12. Anarchists
    Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates stateless societies often defined as self-governed
  13. What is Property?
    What you own
  14. Marxism
    Marxism is a method of socio-economic analysis and worldview based on a materialist interpretation of historical development, a dialectical view of social transformation, and an analysis of class-relations and conflict within society
  15. Karl Marx
    a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist.
  16. Friedrich Engels
    was a German social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, alongside Karl Marx.
  17. Communist Manifesto
    is a short 1848 publication written by the political theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
  18. Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte
    was the first President of the French Republic and, as Napoleon III, the ruler of the Second French Empire.
  19. Napoleon III
    He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I.
  20. Vienna Uprising
    was the last uprising in the Austrian Revolution of 1848.
  21. Charles Albert
    was the King of Piedmont-Sardinia from 1831 to 1849.
  22. Frederick William IV
    the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861.
  23. Grossdeutch
    is a market community in the Miltenberg district in the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) in Bavaria, Germany.
  24. Kleindeutsch
    The German question was a debate in the 19th century, especially during theRevolutions of 1848, over the best way to achieve the Unification of Germany.
  25. Carboneri
    were groups of secret revolutionary societies founded in early 19th-century Italy.
  26. Mazzinni
    an Italian politician, journalist and activist for the unification of Italy.
  27. Garibaldi
    was an Italian general and politician. He is considered, with Camillo Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II and Giuseppe Mazzini, as one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland".
  28. Cavour
    was a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification.
  29. Victor Emmanuel II
    was king of Sardinia from 1849 until, on 17 March 1861, he assumed the title King of Italy to become the first king of a united Italy since the 6th century, a title he held until his death in 1878.
  30. Danish War
    was the second military conflict as a result of the Schleswig-Holstein Question.
  31. Austro-Prussian War
    was a war fought in 1866 between the German Confederation under the leadership of theAustrian Empire and its German allies on one side and the Kingdom of Prussia with its German allies and Italy on the other
  32. Franco-Prussian War
    was a significant conflict pitting the Second French Empire against the Kingdom of Prussia and its allies in the North German Confederation, as well as the South German states of Baden, Württemberg, Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt.
  33. Risorgimento
    was the political and social movement that agglomerated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
  34. Realpolitik
    is politics or diplomacy based primarily on power and on practical and material factors and considerations, rather than explicit ideological notions or moral or ethical premises.
  35. Organization of labor
    During the Revolution of 1848, Blanc became director of a commission on labor, but his plans did not come to fruition.
  36. Fourierism
    philosophy of social reform developed by the French social theorist Charles Fourier that advocated the transformation of society into self-sufficient, independent “phalanges” (phalanxes).
Card Set
AP Euro Socialism