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  1. ethnobotany
    study of how people of a given culture made use of indigenous plants
  2. zooarchaeology
    tracking the animal remains recovered in archaeological excavations
  3. cultural resource management
    branch of archaeology tied to government policies for the protection of cultural resources and involving surveying and or excavating archaeological and historical remains threatened by construction or development
  4. contract archaeology
    when state legislation sponsors any kind of archaeological work
  5. empirical
    based on observations of the world rather than on intuition or faith
  6. hypothesis
    a tentative explanation of the relationships between certain phenomena
  7. theory
    in science, an explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a reliable body of data
  8. doctrine
    an assertation of opinion or belief formally handed down by an authority as true and indisputable.
  9. fieldwork
    a characteristic of all anthropological subdivisions
  10. reflexitivity
    presenting their own self reflections along with their observations
  11. what is the end product of anthropological research?
    a coherent statement about a people that provides an explanatory framework for understanding the beliefs, behavior, or biology of those who have been studied.
  12. applied anthropology
    The use of anthropological research to help solve real world problems and or practical problems.
  13. basic anthropology
    knowledge for the sake of knowledge
  14. Linguistics
    The study of human Language
  15. six parts of linguistics:
    • 1- language as communication
    • 2-description of languages
    • 3- the evolution of a language
    • 4- language and perception
    • 5- language and social relations
    • 6- origins
  16. ethnography
    a written description of a particular culture based on first hand observation and participation.
  17. cultural anthropology
    the study of human culture
  18. father of American anthropology
    Franz Boas
  19. ethnocentrism
    the belief that the ways of one's own culture are superior to others
  20. Ethnocentrism is based on ______
    Racism is based on __________
    cultural difference; physical difference
  21. Bronislaw Malinowski's 3 points are:
    • 1- live in the community for at least a year
    • 2- Become language fluent
    • 3- Participant observation
  22. Other two added points:
    • 1- Return numerous times
    • 2- have another anthropologist study it
  23. informant aka
    key consultant
  24. 3 aspects of community life:
    • 1- material aspects- infrastructure
    • 2- social aspects- social structure
    • 3- cognitive aspects- superstructure
  25. Franz Boas' 4 contributions:
    • 1- holism
    • 2- emphasis on data collection
    • 3- challenging ethnocentrism
    • 4- cultural relativism
  26. cognition
    body of knowledge and organization of that knowledge.
  27. superstructure
    society's shared world view
  28. culture
    the shared system of rules and meanings acquired or learned as a member of society.
  29. tacit knowledge
    silent or unspoken knowledge
  30. enculturation
    the process of learning and absorbing one's culture.
  31. Intangible=
    culture; society
  32. symbol
    anything that can meaningfully represent something else and does so arbitrarily
  33. 7 parts of culture:
    • 1- it is mental/cognitive
    • 2- consists of tacit knowledge
    • 3- learned/enculturation
    • 4-shared
    • 5- based on symbols
    • 6-integrated
    • 7- reality creating and sustaining.
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