Chapter 2

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  1. experiment
    typical features include randomizing subjects into groups, collecting data, and conducting statistical analysis
  2. descriptive research
    exploration and description of phenomena in real-life situation
  3. correlational research
    involves the systematic investigation of relationships between or among variables
  4. quasi-experimental research
    examine casual relationships or determine the effect of one variable on another
  5. experimental research
    objective, systematic, highly controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena in nursing practice
  6. basic/pure research
    scientific investigation that involves the pursuit of knowledge for knowledge's sake
  7. applied/ practical reseearch
    scientific investigation conducted to generate knowledge that will directly influence or improve clinical practice
  8. rigor
    striving for excellence in research
  9. precision
    encompasses accuracy, detail, and order
  10. control
    involves the imposing of rules by researcher to decrease the possibility of error
  11. extraneous variables
    items that can interfere with obtaining a clear understanding of the relationships among the study variable
  12. sampling
    process of selecting subjects who are representative of the population being studied
  13. setting
    location in which a study is conducted
  14. natural/field setting
    uncontrolled, real-life situation or environment
  15. partially controlled setting
    environment that the researcher has manipulated or modified in some way
  16. highly controlled setting
    artificially constructed environment developed for the sole purpose of conducting research
  17. process
    includes a purpose, series of action, and a goal
  18. problem-solving process
    systematic identification of a problem, determination of goals related to the problem, identification of possible approaches to achieve said goals, implementation of selected approaches, and evaluation of goal achievement
  19. nursing process
    subset of the problem-solving process
  20. quantitative research process
    conceptualizing a research project, planning and implementing that project, and communicating the findings
  21. research problem
    area of concern in which there is a gap in the knowledge needed for nursing practice
  22. research purpose
    generated from the problem and identifies specific goals of the study
  23. literature review
    generates a picture of what is known and not known about a particular problem and to document why a study needs to be conducted
  24. framework
    abstract, theoretical basis for a study that enables the researcher to link the findings to nursing's body of knowledge
  25. theory
    consists of an integrated set of defined concepts and relational statements that present a view of phenomenon and can be used to describe, explain, predict, or control the phenomenon
  26. variables
    concepts that are measured, manipulated, or controlled in a study
  27. conceptual definition
    provides a variable or concept with theoretical meaning
  28. operational definition
    developed so that the variable can be measured or manipulated in a study
  29. assumptions
    statements that are taken for granted or are considered true, even if they haven't been scientifically tested
  30. limitations
    restrictions in a study that may decrease the credibility and generalization of the findings
  31. generalization
    extension of the implications of the research findings from the sample studied to a larger population
  32. theoretical limitations
    restrict the abstract generalization of the findings and are reflected in the study framework
  33. methodological limitations
    can limit the credibility of the findings and restrict the population to which the findings can be generalized
  34. design
    blueprint for the conduct of a study that maximizes control
  35. pilot study
    smaller version of a proposed study
  36. population
    all elements that meet certain criteria for inclusion in a study
  37. sample
    subset of the population that is selected for a particular study
  38. sampling
    defines the process of selecting a group of people, events, behaviors, or other elements
  39. measurement
    process of assigning numbers to objects
  40. data collection
    precise, systematic gathering of relevant info
  41. data analysis
    reduces, organizes, and gives meaning to the data
  42. interpretation of research outcomes
    involves examining the results from data analysis, exploring the significance of the findings, forming conclusions, generalizing the findings, considering the implications for nursing, and suggesting further studies
  43. research report
    summarizes the major elements of a study and identifies the contribution of that study to nursing knowledge
  44. abstract
    clear, concise summary of a study
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Chapter 2
Test 1
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