Ch 2 - Individual Differences Personality and Ability

  1. Individual differences
    The ways in which people differ from each other.
  2. Personality
    The pattern of relatively enduring ways that a person feels, thinks, and behaves
  3. Nature
    Biological heritage, genetic makeup
  4. Nurture
    Life experiences
  5. Attraction-selection-attrition framework (ASA)
    The idea that an organization attracts and selects individuals with similar personalities and loses individuals with other types of personalities
  6. Trait
    A specific component of personality
  7. The big five dimensions of personality
    • Extraversion
    • Neuroticism
    • Agreeableness
    • Conscientiousness
    • Openness to experience
  8. Extraversion
    • Tendency to experience positive emotional states and feel good about oneself and the world around them
    • positive affectivity
  9. Neuroticism
    • Tendency to experience negative emotional states and view oneself and the world around one negatively
    • negative affectivity
  10. Agreeableness
    The tendency to get along well with others
  11. Conscientiousness
    The extent to which a person is careful, scrupulous, and perservering
  12. Openness to experience
    The extent to which a person is original, has broad interests, and is willing to take risks
  13. Organizationally relevant personality traits
    • Locus of control
    • Self-monitoring
    • Self-esteem
    • Type A and Type B personality
    • Need for achievement
    • Need for affiliation
    • Need for power
  14. External locus of control
    Describes people who believe that fate, luck, or outside forces are responsible for what happens to them
  15. Internal locus of control
    Describes people who believe that ability, effort, or their own actions determine what happens to them
  16. Self-monitoring
    The extent to which people try to control the way they present themselves
  17. Self-esteem
    The extent to which people have pride in themselves and their capabilities
  18. Type A
    A person who has an intense desire to achieve, is extremely competitive, and has a strong sense of urgency
  19. Type B
    A person who tends to be easygoing and relaxed
  20. Need for achievement
    The desire to perform challenging tasks well and to meet one's own high standards
  21. Need for affiliation
    The desire to establish and maintain good relations with others
  22. Need for power
    The desire to exert emotional behavioral control or influence over others
  23. Ability
    The mental or physical capacity to do something
  24. Emotional intelligence
    The ability to understand and manage one's own feelings and emotions and the feelings and emotions of other people
Card Set
Ch 2 - Individual Differences Personality and Ability
Individual differences personality and ability