Psych Final 2013

  1. A.D.H.D.
    (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder)
    A condition diagnosed on the basis of the occurrence of certain behavioral problems, rather than medical tests. A child must have six or more symptoms of inattention and six or more symptoms of hyper activity lasting at least 6 months.
  2. Amnesia
    Memory loss that may occur after damage to the brain (temporary or permanent), following drug use or after severe psychological stress. Ex: repression
  3. Autism
    • A condition marked by especially abnormal or impaired development in social interactions, spoken language and sensory-motor systems.
    • Ex: Jimmy at pizza hut....Rain Man Dustin Hoffman
    • 2-6 out of 1,000 with it. Males are four times more likely.
  4. Bipolar I disorder
    (bipolar manic-depression)
    A mood disorder characterized by fluctuation between mania and depression. It has extreme fluctuations. They are given a balance of antidepressants and antipsychotics.
  5. Dyslexia
    An unexpected difficulty learning to read despite intelligence, motivation and education. See letters and words backwards. They work harder to meet classmate level.
  6. Dysthymic Disorder
    A mood disorder characterized by feeling chronically but not continuously depressed for a period of two years. Its a depression that comes and goes but not as extreme as bipolar. This is genetically caused.
  7. Gender Identity Disorder
    Commonly referred to as transsexualism, an individual's strong desire or feeling of wanting to be he opposite sex, discomfort with being one's assigned sex, and the wish to live as a member of the other sex.
  8. Dissociative Identity Disorder
    (multiple personality disorder)
    • The presence in a single individual of two or more distinct identities or personalities state each with its own pattern of perceiving, thinking about and relating to the world.
    • Ex: Sybil
  9. Alzheimer's disease
    A disease whose initial symptoms are problems with memory, such as forgetting and repeating things, getting lost and being mildly confused. There are also cognitive deficits, such as problems with language difficulties in recognizing objects and inability to plan and organize tasks (They worsen until death is caused).
  10. O.C.D.
    (Obsessive-compulsive disorder)
    An anxiety disorder consisting of obsessions which are persistent, recurring irrational thoughts, impulses or images that a person is unable to control and that interferes with normal functioning; and compulsions which are irresistible to perform over and over; some senseless behavior or ritual.
  11. Paranoid Schizophrenia
    • A subcategory of schizophrenia characterized by auditory hallucinations (seeing things) or delusions, such as thoughts of being persecuted by others or delusions of grandeur.
    • Ex: out to get me; John Nash A Beautiful Mind; thinking your better than other people; Sybil's mother had this.
  12. What is the sense most closely related to memory?
    Smell. You remember the delicious scent of mamas cookies.
  13. R.E.M.
    • Rapid-Eye Movement
    • stage five of five in sleep stages. Its when we dream and is characterized by this.
  14. Percent of Dreaming
    20% of time asleep is spent dreaming.
  15. Circadian Rhythm
    It tells us when we are ready to go to sleep. It comes from "circa diem" which is about one day. It describes any cycle that lasts about 24 hours and includes our sleep cycle.
  16. Insomnia
    This refers to difficulties going to sleep or staying asleep throughout the night. Insomnia is associated with a number of daytime complaints, including fatigue, impairment of concentration, memory difficulty, and lack of well being. Only go to bed when sleepy. Don't put on any distractions.
  17. Sleep Apnea
    This refers to repeated periods during sleep when a person stops breathing for 10 seconds or longer. The person may repeatedly stop breathing, momentarily wake up, resume breathing and return back to sleep. Repeated awakenings during the night result in insomnia and leave the person exhausted during the day but not knowing the cause of tiredness.
  18. Narcolepsy
    This is a chronic disorder that is marked by excessive sleepiness, usually in the form of sleep attacks or short periods of sleep throughout the day. The sleep attacks are accompanied by the brief periods of REM sleep and loss of muscle control (cataplexy), which may be triggered by big emotional changes.
  19. Stages of human sleep
    • Stage 1: Only lasts between 1-7 minutes, it is not considered real sleep. Some people that are awakened from this stage claim to be awake.
    • Stage 2: harder to be awakened, physiological arousal is lower.
    • Stage 3: starts within 30 and 45 minutes of falling asleep.
    • Stage 4: deepest sleep, increased growth hormones are released which are needed for brain development, metabolism and growth.
    • Stage 5: dream stage, REM sleep.
    • These stages repeat.
  20. What is the number of cells in the human brain?
    One Trillion cells
  21. Hypnosis
    A procedure in which a researcher, clinician, or hypnotist suggests that a person will experience changes in sensations, perception, thoughts, feelings, or behaviors.
  22. Placebo
    An intervention such as taking a pill, receiving an injection or undergoing an operation that resembles a medical therapy but that, in fact, has no medical effects. (given control group...experimental group gets the actual medicine they are testing for).
  23. Hypnotic Analgesia
    Refers to a reduction in pain reported by clients after they have undergone hypnosis and received suggestions that reduced their anxiety and promoted relaxation.
  24. Posthypnotic Suggestion
    • Given to the subject during hypnosis about performing a particular behavior to a specific cue when the subject comes out of hypnosis.
    • Ex: Hearing "blue" and acting like a chicken two days later.
  25. Posthypnotic Amnesia
    Not remembering what happened during hypnosis of the hypnotist suggested that upon awakening, the person would forget what took place during hypnosis.
  26. Age Regression
    Refers to subjects under hypnosis being asked to regress, or return in time, to an earlier age, such as early childhood.
  27. Imagined Perception
    • Refers to experiencing sensations, perceiving stimuli or performing behaviors tat come from one's imagination.
    • Ex: Imagining a mosquito in a room and swatting at it.
  28. Hippocampus
    The part of the limbic system is a curved structure inside the temporal lobe that is involved  in saving many kinds of fleeting memories by putting them into permanent storage in various parts of the brain.
  29. Corpus Callosum
    The wide band of fibers that connect the right and the left hemispheres of the brain.
  30. Cerebellum
    • Cerebaseballum
    • Helps coordinate muscle movements and is approximately the size of a baseball.
  31. Medulla
    Part of the hindbrain. It is greatly affected by overdoses on drugs or alcohol. It controls vital reflexes including respiration, blood pressure and heart rate.
  32. Pons
    Another part of the hindbrain. It transmits messages between the brain and spinal cord. It is also related sleep.
Card Set
Psych Final 2013
List of words or concepts that are on the final.