1. Program music
    • A piece of instrumental music associated with a story or other extramusical idea
    • pg. 249
  2. concert overture
    • An early 19th century genre resembling an opera overture- but without any following opera
    • pg 269
  3. program symphony
    • A symphony with a program, as by Berlioz
    • pg 269
  4. Hector Berlioz
    • FantasticSymphony:Episodes in the Life of an Artist (1830)
    • Listen to it

  5. Fantastic Symphony
  6. }Reveries, Passions (Largo—Allegro agitato e appassionato)
    • }A Ball (Allegro non troppo)
    • }Scene in the Country (Adagio)
    • }March to the Scaffold (Allegretto non troppo)
    • }Dream of a Witches’ Sabbath(Larghetto—Allegro)
    • “A young man of unhealthy sensibility
    • and passionate imagination poisons himself with opium in a fit of lovesick
    • despair. Too weak to kill him, the dose
    • of the drug plunges him into a heavy sleep attended by the strangest visions,
    • during which his sensations, emotions, and memories are transformed in his
    • diseased mind into musical thoughts and images.
    • Even the woman he loves becomes a melody to him, an idée
    • fixe (anobsession), so to speak, that he finds and hears everywhere.”
  7. recitative
    a half singing, half reciting style of presenting words in opera, cantata, oratorio, etc., following speech accents and speech rhythms closely. Secco recitative is accompanied only by continuo; accompanied recitative is accompanied by orchestra
  8. aria
    A vocal number for solo singer and orchestra, generally in an opera, cantata, or oratorio
  9. Giuseppe Verdi
    Italian opera Emphasis on gorgeous melody Highly melodramatic recitative 1813-1901
  10. music drama
    • Wagner's name for his distinctive type of opera
    • pg 285
  11. Gesamtkunstwerk
    • "Total work of art" Wagner term for his music dramas
    • pg 285
    • All elements should work together Poetry, music,staging, space
  12. Richard Wagner
    • 1813-1883 German music drama
    • Leitmotiv
    • Guiding or leading motive
    • Musical idea associated with a person, thing, or idea
    • Importance of orchestra
  13. leitmotiv
    • "leading motive" in Vagner's operas
    • pg 285
  14. The Nibelung's Ring
    is a huge music drama in four parts, stretching over four separate nights of three to five hours each. This work, a quarter-century in the making, surly counts as a the supreme example of a Romantic tendency toward the grandiose. It involves gods and goddesses, giants and dwarfs, magical prophecies and transformations, a dragon, an invisibility cloak that reminds us of Harry Potter novelsin the midst of it all very human feelings and actions
  15. symphonic poem
    • A piece of orchestral program music in one long movement
    • pg 295
  16. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    • 1840-1893) Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet (1869, revised 1880) Follows story (p. 297)
    • was born in the Russian countryside mining inspector famous the nutcracker
  17. nationalism
    • A 19th century movement promoting music built on national folk songs and dances or assoiated with national subjects
    • pg 298
  18. exoticism
    fascination with “the other”
  19. Modest Musorgsky
    Pictures at an Exhibition (1874) Hits both issues (exoticism and nationalism)
  20. Picture at an Exhibition
    listen to it
  21. Gustav Mahler
    Symphony No. 1 he expressed this ambivalence very differently. He eagerly embraced all the excesses of Romanticism that Brahms had shrunk from writing huge prograpm symphonies and symphonies with solo and choral singing. 1860-1911 born in Bohemia
  22. avant garde
    • In the most advanced style
    • pg 320
  23. impressionism
    • A French artistic movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries
    • pg 325
  24. musique concrete
    • Music composed with natural sounds recored electronically
    • pg 373 and 379
  25. Anton Webern
    1883- 1945 was an unspectacular individual whose life revolved around his strangely fragile artisitic accomplishment. reacted against the grandiose side of Romanticism, as represented by the works of Richard Strauss and Gustav Mahler. vision of musical abstaction and his brilliant use of serialism made him a natural link between the first phase of modernism
  26. chance music
    • A type of contemporary music in which certain elements such as the order of the notes or their pitches, are not specified by the composer but are left to chance
    • pg 375
  27. Edgard Varese
    1883-1965 interesting case of a composer who bridged both phases of modernism in the 20th century music started in Paris and Berlin developed an approach to rhythm and especially to sonority that surpassed anything the other early avant garde composers had attempted.Hyperprism is scored for seven wind and seven percussion instruments and Ionisation is percussion alone
  28. Poeme electronique
    1958 has electronic crash and random rustles different effects like groans rattles bell like noises and watery sounds they use musique concrete rhythms was highly irregular.
  29. John Cage
  30. minimalism
  31. John Adams
  32. El Nino
  33. cultivated music
  34. vernacular music
  35. call and response
  36. spiritual
  37. jazz
  38. beat syncopation
  39. rhythm section
  40. blues
  41. goespel music
  42. ragtime
  43. Scott Joplin
  44. New Orleans Jazz
  45. Louis Armstrong
  46. symbolism
  47. expressionism
  48. pentatonic scale
  49. whole-tone scale
  50. octatonic scale
  51. quarter-tone scale
  52. serialism
  53. atonal music
  54. Claude Debussy
  55. Three Nocturnes
  56. Igor Stravinsky
  57. The Rite of Spring
  58. Sprechstimme
  59. Arnold Schoenberg
  60. Pierrot lunaire
  61. Alban Berg
  62. Wozzeck
  63. twelve-tone system
  64. Charles IvesMaurice Ravel
  65. Bela Bartok
  66. modernism
  67. Leon Theremin
  68. big bands
  69. swing
  70. Duke Ellington
  71. bebop
  72. operetta
  73. musicals
  74. Leonard Bernstein
  75. West Side Story
  76. rhythm and blues
  77. Ray Charles
  78. Fats Domino
  79. Elvis Presley
Card Set
Final for Music