anatomy & physiology

  1. the sebaceous glands, skin, hair, and nails make up the ___ system




    D. integumentary
  2. the heart, lymphatic organs, and blood vessels are in the ___ system




    D. cardiovascular
  3. the liver, stomach, mouth, and pancreas are in the ___ system




    D. digestive
  4. the bladder, urethra, kidneys, and ureters are in the ___ system




    A. urinary
  5. in the human body, the senses include all the following except




    D. teeth
  6. the brain, nerves, and spinal cord are in the __ system




    B. nervous
  7. the trachea, nose, lungs, and pharynx are in the ___ system




    C. respirtory
  8. tendons, joints, bones, and cartilages are in the ___ system




    A. skeletal
  9. the upper middle area of the abdomen is called the




    C. epigastric region
  10. the lower middle area of the abdomen is called the




    A. hypogastric region
  11. the central middle area of the abdomen is called the




    C. umbilical region
  12. the humerus is located in the




    A. arm
  13. the pubis is located in the




    A. pelvis
  14. the femur is located in the




    B. leg
  15. the patella is located in the




    A. knee
  16. the ulna is located in the




    D. arm
  17. the tibia is located in the




    D. leg
  18. the fibula is located in the




    D. leg
  19. the radius is located in the




    D. arm
  20. the maxilla is located in the




    D. head
  21. the metatarsals are located in the




    A. foot
  22. the metacarpals are located in the




    A. hand
  23. the name for the collar bone is




    C. clavicle
  24. the smaller of the lower leg bones is called




    C. fibula
  25. the zygomatic bone is located in the




    B. head
  26. the mandible bone is located in the




    D. head
  27. the sphenoid bone is located in the




    D. head
  28. the vertebrae are located in the




    D. back
  29. bones are




    D. built to provide support and structure
  30. the study of bones is called




    A. osteology
  31. the majority of the bones in the arms and legs are ___ bones




    C. long
  32. bones of the wrist and ankle are called ___ bones




    C. short
  33. the muscle that flexes and supinates the forearm is called




    A. biceps brachii
  34. the major artery to the head is called the




    A. carotid
  35. one of the arteries that supplies the hand and forearm is called the




    C. ulnar
  36. the major artery that supplies the abdomen is called the ____ artery




    D. celiac
  37. the major artery that supplies the thorax is called the ___ artery




    C. intercostal
  38. the major artery that supplies the kidney is called the ___ artery




    C. renal
  39. the major artery that supplies the bladder, rectum, and some reproductive organs is called the




    D. iliac
  40. the major artery that supplies the upper arm is called the




    B. brachial
  41. the major artery that supplies the knee is called the




    B. popliteal
  42. the major artery that supplies the foot is called the




    B. dorsalis pedis
  43. the major vein that drains the upper arm is called the




    B. brachial
  44. the major vein that drains the head and brain is called the




    B. jugular
  45. the major vein that drains the liver is called the




    D. hepatic
  46. the major vein that drains the kidneys is called the




    D. renal
  47. the major vein that drains the pelvis is called the




    A. common iliac
  48. the point at which air enters the respiratory tract is called the




    B. nasal cavity
  49. the divisions of the trachea which enter the lungs are called the




    B. bronchi
  50. the wind pip which conducts air between the larynx and lungs is called the




    A. trachea
  51. located between the pharynx and trachea and containing the vocal cords is the




    B. larynx
  52. a condtion of the nasla septum turning away from midline is called a




    D. deviated septum
  53. the medical name for nose bleed is called




    D. epistaxis
  54. inflammation of the sinus cavity is called




    C. sinusitis
  55. inflammation of the pleura is called




    C. pleurisy
  56. escape of fluid into the thoracic cavity is called




    C. pleural effusion
  57. inflammation of the nasal mucosa results in




    B. rhinitis
  58. an accumulation of air in the pleural cavity after the lung collapses is known as




    c. pleural effusion
    B. pneumothorax
  59. whooping cough is another name for




    C. pertussis
  60. inflammation of the mucus lining of the vagina is called




    C. vaginitis
  61. inflammation of the gums is called




    A. gingivitis
  62. lesions of the mucous membrane of the stomach are called __ ulcers




    A. gastric
  63. a serious chronic disease of the liver is called




    A. cirrhosis
  64. chronic inflammation of the colon is called




    D. colitis
  65. inflammation of the gallbladder is called




    D. choleystitis
  66. inflammation of the pancreas is called




    A. pancreatitis
  67. inflammation of the appendix is called




    C. appendicitis
  68. dilated veins that occur in the rectum are known as




    A. hemorrhoids
  69. when the internal enviornment of the body is functioning properly, a condition of ___ exists




    A. homeostasis
  70. the science of the function of cells, tissues, and organs of the body is called




    D. physiology
  71. the lateral movement of the limbs away from the median plane of the body is called




    B. abduction
  72. an extrauterine pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum begins to develop outside the uterus is called




    C. ectopic
  73. the second portion of the small intestines is called the




    C. jejunum
  74. one of the vital functions of long bones is the formation of




    B. red blood cells
  75. a unilateral paralysis that follows damage to the brain is called




    D. hemiplegia
  76. the use of ultrasound to produce a picture of the structure of the heart is called




    B. echocardiography
  77. digestion begins in the mouth, where food is chewed and mixed with a substance called




    B. saliva
  78. the lining of the duodenum is composed of thousand tiny finger like projections called




    B. villi
  79. infected pressure sores on the skin are called




    C. decubitus ulcers
  80. varicose veins of the anal canal or outside the external sphincter are called




    C. hemorrhoids
  81. carcinogenic means ___ causing




    B. cancer
  82. a weakness in the walls of muscle that allows underlying tissue to push through it is called




    A. a hernia
  83. a gallbladder disorder involving stones in the gallbladder is




    A. cholelithiasis
  84. inflammation fo the retina is




    D. retinitis
  85. foods that are mild in flavor and easy to digest (non spicey) comprise a




    C. bland diet
  86. a tube insered into one of the patient's nastrils and down the back of the throat through the esophagus until end reaches the patient's stomach is a(n)




    A. nasogastric tube
  87. washing out the stomach through a nasogastric tube is called




    B. lavage
  88. the healthy adult excretes daily apporximately __ of urine




    C. 1000 to 1500 milliliters
  89. the inability to control the passage of urine in the bladder is called




    C. urinary incontinence
  90. painful voiding is called




    A. dysuria
  91. if the septum of the heart has an abnormal opening it is referred to as




    C. a septal defect
  92. branches of the bundle branches, which transmit the impulses to the walls of the ventricles, causing the ventricles to contract are called




    A. purkinje fibers
  93. a coronary occlusion causing a condition that produces chest pain which may radiate to the left arm, shoulder, jaw or neck due to lack of blood supply to the heart is called




    B. angina pectoris
  94. an obstruction of a coronary artery causing death of an area of the myocardium due to blockage of blood supply and oxygen supply is called




    A. myocardial infarction
  95. deoxygenated blood enters the right atrium of the




    D. heart
  96. when the right atrium contracts it forces blood through the tricuspid valve into the ___ ventricle




    A. right
  97. the right ventricle pumps the used blood to the lungs by way of the __ artery




    C. pulmonary
Author
Anonymous
ID
25647
Card Set
anatomy & physiology
Description
anatomy & physiology
Updated