1. Bacterial vaginosis
    • What: Mild infection of the vagina
    • What: May go away in a few days but it can lead to more serious problems
    • Cause: Multiple sex partners, Lesbian, Smoke, Douche.
    • Symptoms: smelly vaginal discharge, grayish white or yellow, "fishy" worse after sex.
    • Half of women who have bacterial vaginosis have no symptoms.
  2. Treatment of bacterial vaginosis
    • Metronidazole
    • Clindamycin.
    • they are pills, cream or capsules ( that you put in your vagina).
    • S.E. of antibiotics yeast infection
  3. Metronidazole
    • Treat a variety of infections bacteria and protozoa.
    • Class: nitroimidazoles
  4. Test to perform to test for bacterial vaginosis
  5. How Do Men Know if they Have Trichomoniasis?
    • Men have less symptoms and usually do not know they are infected until their partners need treatment.
    • Irritation inside the penis
    • Mild discharge
    • Slight burning after urination or ejaculation
  6. How Do Women Know if they Have Trichomoniasis?
    • Many women do have signs or symptoms of infection.
    • Symptoms in women can include:
    • Greenish-yellow, frothy vaginal discharge with a strong odor
    • Painful urination
    • Vaginal itching and irritation
    • Discomfort during intercourse
    • Lower abdominal pain (rare)
  7. Trichomoniasis treatment
    • parasite
    • metronidazole (Flagyl)
    • partner should also be treated
    • avoid sex until they and their sex partners complete treatment and have no symptoms
  8. Flagyl
  9. Wet mount tests for:
    • vaginal discharge is placed on a glass slide and mixed with a salt solution.
    • under a microscope for bacteria, yeast cells, trichomoniasis
    • white blood cells that show an infection, or clue cells that show bacterial vaginosis.
  10. Cause and S/S of a Yeast Infection
    • AKA: candida infection or candidiasis
    • Cause: Candida albicans.
    • Symptoms: Itching and a white, lumpy discharge (cottage cheese), pain with sex.
    • Not a STD
    • Fungal
    • Yeast infections sign of diabetes, leukemia, or AIDS.
  11. Test for yeast infection:
    • KOH slide
    • Specimen placed on a slide and mixed with potassium hydroxide (KOH),
    • which kills bacteria and cells from the vagina, leaving only yeast for
    • specific branching pattern will be seen through the microscope.
  12. How to treat Yeast Infections:
    • Over-the-counter medications:
    • Miconazole (Monistat-Derm, Monistat Vaginal)
    • Tioconazole (Vagistat Vaginal)
    • Butoconazole (Femstat)
    • Clotrimazole (Femizole-7,Gyne-Lotrimin)
    • Massage these remedies into your vagina and surrounding tissues for 1-7 days
Card Set
vaginosis, yeast