1. Name a method of training likely to improve both aerobic and anaerobic fitness?
    Weight Training
  2. Which nutrient should form the largest proportion of our diet?
  3. Smoking is a cause of High Blood pressure on which Body System
    Cardiovascular System
  4. Give the defintion for Agility
    The ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.
  5. Define the term Anaerobic
    Without oxygen’. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts, the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.
  6. Define the term Anorexic
    Pertaining to anorexia – a prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite.
  7. What term is being described; Drugs that are used to control heart rate and that have a calming and relaxing effect.
    Beta blockers
  8. What term is being described;The force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of the blood vessels.
    Blood pressure
  9. What performance enhancingh drug is used to control heart rate and that have a calming and relaxing effect.
    Beta Blockers
  10. What is the defintion for Body Composition?
    The percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle and bone.
  11. What term is being described?
    "The amount of blood ejected from the heart in one minute"
    Cardiac Output
  12. What term is being described?
    The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time.
    Cariovascular Fitness
  13. What term is being described?
    The ability to use two or more body parts together.
  14. Which performance enhancing drug elevates the rate of bodily urine excretion.
  15. Which Somatoptype has narrow shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by thinness?
  16. Which Somatoptype has wide hips and narrow shoulders, characterised by fatness?
  17. Which Performance enhacing method increases the red blood cell count?
    Erythropoietin (EPO)
  18. Define the term Exercise
    A form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and/or physical fitness, it is not competitive sport.
  19. Define the term Fitness
    The ability to meet the demands of the environment.
  20. Define the term Flexibility
    The range of movement possible at a joint.
  21. Define the term Health
    A state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
  22. What term is described as The number of times the heart beats each minute? 
    Heart Beat
  23. What term is described below?
    Matching training to the requirements of an individual.
    Individual Needs/Differences
  24. What type of Muscle Contraction occurs which results in increased tension but the length does not alter, for example, when pressing against a stationary object.
  25. What is the definition of a joint?
    • A place where two or more bones meet.
  26. Interval, continuous, circuit, weight, Fartlek and Cross are all what?
    Methods of Training
  27. What term is described below?

    The ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired.
    Muscular Endurance
  28. What is the definition for Muscular Strength?
    The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance
  29. How do Narcotic Anagesics engance sports performance?
    Reduce the feeling of pain.
  30. What is the defintion of Obese?
    A term used to describe people who are very overfat.
  31. Name the 3 MACRO Nutrients and give an example of a food type for each?
    • Fats - Vegatable oil, Sunflower oil
    • Carbohydrates - Bread, Potatoes, Pasta, Rice
    • Protein - Fish, Meat, Eggs
  32. Name the three factors that can affect Energy Requirements?
    • Age and Gender
    • Body Composition
    • Activity Level
  33. Name the 4 stages of the Participation Pyramid and the level of performance you would expect to see at each stage?
    •Foundation: PE and Recreation Sports

    •Participation: Sports Clubs and Leisure Centres

    •Performance: Local and regional coaching and training, local and regional competitions, sports clubs and interclub leagues

    •Excellence: Olympic, Paralympic and Commonwealth Games,World, European and Commonwealth championships and international competitions
  34. Name and describe each stage of the SMART Target process for Goal Setting?
    • Specific - Training for the specific activity
    • Measurable - Can success be measured (e.g time, sets, reps etc)
    • Achievable - Is it achieavble in the time frame
    • Realistic - is it a realistic target to achieve
    • Time Bound - Is there a clear time frame for the goal to be achieved
  35. Name the 5 Safety Aspects in Sport?
    • Obeying the Rules
    • Protective Clothing
    • Appropriate footwear
    • Tracksuits for training
    • Balanced Competition
  36. Name at least 3 roles in Sport?
    • Player/performer
    • Volunteer
    • Official
    • Coach
    • Sports Leader
  37. Name three MENTAL benefits a Healthy and Active Lifestyle can have?
    • Increase Challenge
    • Increase levels of Serotonin
    • Relieve Stress
  38. PEOPLE is a factor that can influence a persons participation in Sport. Can you identify 3 other factors that can influence participation in Sport?
    • Image
    • Health and Well Being
    • Socio Economic
    • Cultural
    • Resources
  39. What is the difference between Competition and Cooperation?
    • Competition is…
    • -Working against an opponent
    • -trying to beat personal best
    • -trying to win / trying to be the best

    • Co-operation is…
    • -Working with a team / in a team / with others / teamwork
    • -To achieve common goal
  40. What is Aesthetic Appreciation?
    the recognition of beauty within a sport / activity
  41. Name the three socailly acceptable Drugs?
    • Caffeine
    • Nicotine
    • Alcohol
  42. Name the 4 Health risks associated with Smoking?
    • Coranory Heart Disease
    • Bronchitis
    • Emphysema
    • Cancer
  43. Which of the following body conditions is considered to be the most dangerous to our health?

  44. Before starting a Personal Exercise Programme, which of the following would you use to assess your suitability for such a programme?
    A          PAS-Q.
    B          PAR-Q.
    C          Physical activity.
    D          PAT-Q.
  45. Why is it important that performers do not overeat for their activity?
    • (Would have to carry) excess weight/too much weight/overfat                                          
    • (which makes performance harder)To meet weight categories / to maintain optimum weight
  46. What is the role of protein and how does this help the performer?
    Growth & repair (of cells)/muscle hypertrophy/increase muscle size 

    • Reference to can continue to perform/get back to training/doesn’t lose too much time due to injury/heals quickly
  47. What is Vital Capacity?
    Vital capacity is the maximum volume of air you can breathe out after breathing in as much as you can.
  48. Why is rest important for the Respiratory System?
    After intense exercise, we still need to breath heavily in order to reduce the oxygen debt and return to rest.

    Over-exercising without adequate rest periods can lead to  infections or problems caused by oxygen deficiency.
  49. What is Tidal Volume?
    Tidal volume is the amount you breathe in and out in one normal breath.
  50. What is Minute Volume?
    Minute volume is the volume of air you breathe in one minute.
Card Set
Flash cards on Edexcel GCSE PE specification