Anthropology Chapter 2 Vocabulary

  1. biological determinism
    The idea that biologically (genetically) inhereted differences between populations are important influences on cultural differences between them.
  2. cultural knowledge
    Information, skills, attitudes, conceptions, beliefs, values and other mental components of culture that people socially learn during enculturation.
  3. cultural integration
    The intterrelationships among the various components (elements, subsystems) of a cultural system.
  4. culture
    The socially learned knowledge and patterns of behaviour shared by some group of people.
  5. cultural identity
    The cultural tradition a group of people recognize as their own; the shared customs and beliefs that define how a group sees iteslf as distinctive.
  6. classifications of reality (cultural constructions of reality)
    Ways in which the members of a culture divide up the natural and social world into categories, usually linguistically encoded.
  7. cultural determinism
    The notion that the beliefs and behaviours of individuals are largely programmed by their culture.
  8. cultural universals
    Elements of culture that exist in all known human groups or societies.
  9. enculturation (socialization)
    The transmission (by means of social learning) of cultural knowledge to the next generation.
  10. norms
    Shared ideals and/or expectations about how certain people out to act in given situations.
  11. patterns of behaviour
    Within a single culture, the behaviour that most people perform when they are in certain culturally defined situations.
  12. roles
    Rights and duties that individuals assume because of their percieved personal identity or membership in a social group. Also, the social and/or economical position a field researcher defines for him- or herself in the community being studied.
  13. society
    A territorially distinct and largely self-perpetuating group whose members have a sense of collective identitiy and who share a common language and culture.
  14. subculture
    Cultural differences characteristic of members of various ethnic groups, regions, religions, and so forth within a single society or country.
  15. symbols
    Objects, behaviours, sound combinations, and other phenomena whose culturally defined meanings have no necessary relationship to their inherent physical qualities.
  16. values
    Shared ideas or standards about the worthwhileness of goals and lifestyles.
  17. worldview
    The way people interpret reality and events, including how they see themselves relating to the world around them.
Card Set
Anthropology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Anthropology Chapter 2 Vocabulary