World History Exam - Units 1 - 5 (Chapter 1 - 16)

  1. What two important rivers were contained in the Fertile Crescent?
    Tigris & Euphrates
  2. What was the Sumerians greatest contribution to civilization?
    the art of writing
  3. What was the Sumerian's art of writing called?
  4. After the Sumerian culture collapsed, who came to the throne of Ur around 2100 B.C.?
  5. What did Ur-nammu develop?
    the world's most ancient law code
  6. In Sumerian culture, what were the huge temple-towers known as?
  7. The false belief that heavenly bodies influence human affairs and destinies?
  8. Why were the Sumerians humanists?
    They worshiped man
  9. What is the world's oldest work of literature outside the Bible?
    Epic of Gilgamesh
  10. The greatest achievement of the Old Babylonians was the principle of?
    Place-value notation
  11. What were the Hittites noted for?
    For using iron the most
  12. What was the Assyrian's one important contribution to civilization?
    The world's first great library
  13. Who built Assyria's world's first great library?
  14. Who led the Medes and Scythians in overthrowing the Assyrians Empire in 600 B.C.?
  15. What new empire did the Medes and Scythians establish?
    Neo-Babylonian Empire
  16. What did Nebuchadnezzar do with the remaining inhabitants of Judah?
    He carried them to Babylon
  17. Who did God call "my shepherd" and "my anointed"?
    Cyrus the Great
  18. Cyrus came to the throne of Anshan in 599 B.C. when Persia was controlled by Media. Then what happened?
    He combined the two nations into one kingdom
  19. What is Xerxes' Biblical name?
  20. Because Israel is located at the crossroads of three continents, it is considered to be what?
    The main highway to the ancient world
  21. Who were the three patriarch of Israel?
    • Abraham 
    • Issac
    • Jacob
  22. What is another word for the 'Ten Commandments'?
  23. Theocracy:
    A nation ruled by God
  24. Where was David's capital?
  25. A phonetic system of writing in which letters are used to represent sounds rather than things or idea is?
  26. Who carried the alphabet around the Mediterranean world?
  27. Which kingdom fell to the Babylonians in 586 B.C.?
    Southern Kingdom
  28. What are the three major periods of develpoment for the Hebrew language?
    • 1. Biblical (classical) Hebrew
    • 2. Rabbainic Hebrew
    • 3. Modern Hebrew
  29. Who invented Islam?
  30. Who was the pioneer missionary in Persia?
    Henry Martyn
  31. Who became known as the "the Apostle of Islam"?
    Samuel Zwemer
  32. What are Asia's three great fertile river valleys?
    • Tigris - Euphrates
    • Indus
    • Huang He
  33. Caste:
    strict division of social classes
  34. Who was the greatest ruler of the Maurya Empire and established it?
  35. Who created Buddhism?
    Siddhatha Guatama
  36. What is the ultimate goal of Buddhism
    To attain nirvana
  37. Who ruled India between A.D. 320 and 535?
  38. What did the Guptas bring in India?
    Inaugrated Idnia's "golden age"
  39. When India became independent in 1947, the Muslims in the East and West created whcih true new states?
    West and East Pakistan
  40. Was it West Pakistan or East Pakistan that became Bangladesh?
    East Pakistan
  41. In what area did India make impressive contributions to civilization?
  42. China is the world's?
    Oldest living civilization
  43. What did the ancient Chinese call their land?
  44. What does Confucius' philosophy of Confucianism teach?
    • Honoring family
    • Practice of family virtues
    • Worshiping one's ancestor
  45. Who was the first emperor of an united China?
    Shih Huang Ti
  46. What linked China with the Roman world?
    Great Silk Road
  47. Who was an Italian exploer who spent 20 years in Kublai Khan?
    Marco Polo
  48. Japan's highest mountain is?
    Mt. Fuji
  49. Who was the "founder of Japanese civilzation"?
    Prince Shotoku
  50. Mikado:
    Japanese Emperor
  51. The building of the Great Pyramids?
    Pyramids of Cheops
  52. What were Egypt's small states called?
  53. Who was the greek "Father of Hisotry"?
  54. What was the elaborate system of Egyptian writing called?
  55. Who was finally able to decipher the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone?
  56. What best symoblizes the Egyptian conception of state and soceity?
  57. What is the largest pyramid?
    Great Pyramid of Cheops
  58. Who was Tutankhamen, and how old was he when he died?
    He was a teenage Pharoh, and he died at the age of 18
  59. When did the Middle Kingdom come to an end?
    When the Hysokos ravaged Egypt
  60. How is Cairo significant?
    It was the center of Egyptian life and was one of the greatest cities of the Arabic world.
  61. What is the world's largest desert?
  62. Africa's largest mountain -
    Mount Kilamanjaro
  63. World's longest river -
    Nile River
  64. Africa's largest lake -
    Lake Victoria
  65. World's longest and second deepest lake -
    Lake Tanganyika
  66. Largest rift in the eath's surface?
    Great Rift Valley
  67. What was the greatest ancient kingdom in Africa's interior called?
    Kingdom of Cush
  68. Who was the greatest ruler of the Mali Empire?
    Mansa Musa
  69. What was the famous center for learning and culture?
  70. What were the three cultures that arose along the shores and islands of the Angean Sea?
    Minoans, Myceneans, Trojans, Crete
  71. What were Homer's two most famous poems?
    Iliad, The Odyssey
  72. Who is Zeus?
    The chief and father of the gods.
  73. The typical polis surrounded what?
  74. Who won the battle of Marathon, who took up the fight?
    The Greeks
  75. Who was King Leonidas?
    The leader of Sparta. "FOR CAT SPARTA!!"
  76. What is unique about the Battle of Salamis?
    It was the first major naval battle in history. "AYE!"
  77. Define Aristocracy.
    Rule by the "best."     "YOU ARE THE BEST BRITTNEY."
  78. Define Oligarchy.
    Rule by the few.     "AND I AM THE FEW."
  79. Define Democracy.
    Rule by the many or the common people.    "EVERYONE ELSE CAN BE HERE."
  80. What were Spartan slaves called?
    Helots.     "HELLO."
  81. Who perpared a code of law that was so merciless that every offense was punishable by death?
  82. Who became the first Tyrant of Athens?
    Peisistratus. "DID I EVEN SPELL THAT RIGHT?"
  83. Who was the famous Athenian statesman who dominated Athens from 461 to 429?
  84. What is a representative democracy?
    Where the citizens elect a few men who represent them in the government.     "YAY LET'S NOT BE COMMUNISTS."
  85. Who became king of Macedonia in 359 B.C.?
    Phillip II.      "HE WILL NEVER BE FIRST."
  86. Who was Alexander's tutor?
  87. What is the greatest among the Athenian temples?
  88. Who is Hippocrates?
    Father of medicine.   "MORE LIKE HIPPOS."
  89. What Greek was the New Testament written in?
    Koine.    "I NEED MOAR COINS."
  90. What is the most famous temple in the Roman empire?
  91. What were the wars between Carthage and Rome called?
    The Punic Wars.    "THE PUNY WARS"
  92. Who was the famed Carthaginian general who fought in the Second Punic War?
    Hannibal.    "OMG THE SECOND PUNY WAR."
  93. Define gladiator.
    Prisoners of war forced to fight in public.    "ROGER WANTS TO BE A GLADIATOR."
  94. Who was " the idol of the masses"?
  95. What did Caesar do when he was ordered to come back to Rome as a private citizen?
    He crossed the Rubicon River.   "UGH I MISSED THE CON. WHY IS FATE SO CRUEL??"
  96. Who defeated Antony's fleet at Actium?
  97. How long did the Pax Romana last?
    (200 years) 30 B.C. - 180 A.D.
  98. Who did Nero blame for the burning of Rome?
  99. When Nero blamed the Christians for the burning of Rome, what did this begin?
    First great outbreak of persecution against the New Testament Church  
  100. What volcano erupted and destroyed Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae?
    Mt. Vesuvius
  101. Define Messiah:
    "Anoiting of one God"
  102. Who were apologists?
    Those who attmepted to defend Christianity against Atheism
  103. What is Arianism?
    It denies the diety of Christ, which denies His Holiness.
  104. What is one of the three names for Contastine I's city "New Rome"?
  105. Who was the great first leader of the Byzantine Empire?
    Justinian I
  106. What is the most magnificent church building of the early Middle Ages that Justinian's architects designed?
    Hagiya Sophia
  107. Who inspired Justinian in his great works?
    Empress Theodora
  108. Who were the most notable Byzantine missionaries?
    Cyril Methodius
  109. What is the Petrine Theory?
    • That the church was found on Peter
    • (Christ made Peter the visible head of the church)
    • (Peter transmitted powers ot successors)
  110. Define Pope:
    Papa or Father
  111. What did the doctrine "two swords" do?
    It named the Pope supreme over human society
  112. Who was the first Medieval Pope?
    Gregory I
  113. Who returend to Ireland as a missionary?
  114. What are sacraments?
    Sacred plans that makes your way into Heaven. *something like that
  115. What did the Council of Toulouse do?
    It forbade anyone to read the Bible.
  116. What is a breviary?
    service & worship book in the church
  117. What are monasteries?
    religious communities isolated from society
  118. What are the three orders of monks?
    • 1. Benedict
    • 2. Franciscans
    • 3. Dominicans
  119. How are friars different from monks?  
    Friars preached and did missionary work outside of monastaries
  120. What line of kings did Clovis start?
  121. What did the "Donation of Pepin" become known as?
    Papal States
  122. What was unique about Charlemagne's empire?
    It was the largest in the West since the Roman Empire in A.D. 300
  123. What happened on Christmas Day 800?
    Charlemagne was crowned emperor of Rome.
  124. What did the Treaty of Verdun do?
    It divided Charelmagne's empire into 3 parts
  125. Which people came from Scandanavia?
  126. What was Otto's nickname?
    Otto the Great
  127. In 962, Otto invaded Italy and was crowned...
    Emperor of the Romans
  128. When Otto was crowned Emperor of the Romans, the pop gave rise to or was head leader to?
    the Holy Roman Empire
  129. Who started the Hohenstaufen Line of kings?
    Frederick Barbossa
  130. Under which pope did the papacy attain the zenith of its power?
    Innocent III
  131. When the popes and caridinals had a rivalry, what was this event called?
    Great Schism
  132. Define feudalism:
    a way of life based upon the ownership of land
  133. Define fief:
    a piece of land held by one man (Lord)
  134. Define chivalry:
    code of conduct for the nobility and the knights
  135. explain heraldry:
    family emblem/ symbol
  136. What were the lord's fields not land called?
  137. What did the First Crusade accomplish?
    a strip of land along the eastern coast of the Mediteranean (not that grand)
  138. Who was called upon to preach the need for Europeans to take up that cross again?
    Bernand of Clairvaux
  139. Who was the Muslim leader and sultan of Egypt during the Crusades?
    Saldin *Aladin
  140. Which king joined the Third Crusade and caused it to be known as the "Crusade of Kings"?
    Richard I
  141. Define guilds:
    early form of trade unionism
  142. During the 1000's what was one of the earlist industries?
    Wool (Produced by the Flanders)
  143. During the medieval times, who were a leading Italian banking family?
  144. How many people were killed during the Black Death/ Plaque?
    25 million
  145. Where was the first medieval university?
    Salerno, Italy
  146. What is the oldest German university?
    Univeristy of Praque
  147. Define scholasticism:
    attempt to combine Greek Philosophy and Roman Catholic doctrines
  148. What was Thomas Aquina's philosophy called?
  149. Who was Roger Bacon?
    First English Scientist
  150. What is title of Thomas a Kempis' book?
    The Imitation of Christ
  151. Who wrote the Divine Comedy?
  152. Who wrote The Canterbury Tales?
    Geoffrey Chaucer
  153. Who wrote The Prince?
    Niccolo Machiavelli
  154. Define Patrons:
    Donates money to art
  155. Who painted The School of Athens?
  156. Who painted the Sistine Chapel?
  157. What did Johann Gutenberg invent and when?
    Movable-type printing press/ 1440
  158. Define Scops:
    Wandering poets
  159. Who was the first great king in England?
    Alfred the Great
  160. What was the Domesday Book?
    a book of William's property and people who owe him taxes
  161. Who ruled England, Denmark, and Norway?
    Canute the Dane
  162. Who initiated the Plantagenet line of kings?
    Henry II
  163. Who is the only person in history to have held the title of queen of France and queen of England?
    Eleanor of Aquitaine
  164. When was the Magna Carta signed?
  165. What is the French version of Parliament?
    Estates General
  166. Who called the first meeting of Parliament?
    Simon de Montfort
  167. Who called the "Model Parliament"?
    Edward I
  168. What battle ended the War of Roses?
    Battle of Bosworth Field
  169. Who traveled through most of Asia?
    marco... POLO
  170. Who was the most important Indian civilization in South America?
  171. Who was the most powerful Native Americans empire at the beginning of the Age of Exploration?
  172. Who discovered Florida?
    Ponce do Leon
  173. Who did a three-yea voyage around the world?
    Ferdinand Magellan
  174. Who discovered the St. Lawrence River?
    Jacques Cartier
  175. Who translated the Bible to French from the Latin Volgath
  176. Who printed the first edition of the New Testament in the original Greek?
    Desiderius Erasmus
  177. Define indulgences:
    a certificate to not pay one's sin to get out of purgatory
  178. How would Luther's study of the Bible have helped him understand what was wrong with indulgences?
    Works do not bring you to Heaven
  179. When did Luther serve notice that he was ready to debate about indulgence, and when did the Protestant Reformation began?
    October 31, 1517
  180. What did the Edict of Worms do?
    Declared that Luther was an outlaw and heretic
  181. Who wrote the "Mighty Fortress is our God"?
    Martin Luther
  182. What new thing did Zwingli announce he would be doing during service in Switzerland?
    He would be preaching from the New Testament.
  183. Who wrote The Institutes of the Christian Religion?
    John Calvin
  184. Where did John Calvin put his ideas into practice?
  185. What year was Spain's "Invincible Armada" destroyed?
  186. Who wrote Don Quixote?
    Miguel De Cervantes
  187. What did Henry VIII begin when he broke away from the Catholic Church?
    The English Reformation
  188. Who was "The Father of Dutch Liberties"?
    William the Silent
  189. Name three men who were Protestant leaders during Edward VI's reign -
    • Hugh Latimer 
    • Thomas Cranmer
    • Nicholas Ridely
  190. What was Mary Tudor's nickname?
    Bloody Mary
  191. Who wrote the Book of Martyrs?
    John Foxe
  192. How did Queen Elizabeth earn the nickname "Good Queen Bess"?
    Everyone loved her
  193. Who was the leader of the Scottish Reformation?
    John Knox
  194. Who was perhaps the greatest write of all times?
    William Shakespeare
  195. Who wrote the Faerie Queene?
    Edmund Spenser
  196. Name the two men who led the French Reformation -
    • Henry of Navarre 
    • Coligny
  197. Who issued the Edict of Nantes?
    Henry IV
  198. Who was Carindal Richelieu?
    Powerful Cardinal in France
  199. What did Johannes Kepler discover?
    The three laws of planetary motion
  200. What ended the Thirty Year's War?
    Peace of Westphalia
  201. How is Newton remembered as?
    "Father of Modern Science"
  202. Who found the Royal Society?
    John Wilkins
  203. Define a classic:
    a work of superior excellence that has stood the test of time
  204. What did Bach believe about music?
    Everything should be done "to the glory of God."
  205. Who wrote the Hallelujah chorus in The Messiah, which is the best music part in the world?
  206. What opera did Mozart write?
    • Magic Flute
    • The Marriage of Figurr
  207. Who wrote the Moonlight Sonata?
  208. Who made the Praying Hands?
    Albert Durer
  209. Who was the greatest of the Dutch masters?
    Rembrandt van Rijn
  210. What was the first Protestant confession of faith?
    Confession of Augsburg
  211. Who found the Jesuit Society?
  212. Who founded the Mighty Mogul Empire? He built the Taj Mahal.
Card Set
World History Exam - Units 1 - 5 (Chapter 1 - 16)
(12/13/12) Midterm exams before Christmas break in World History class with Ms. Shafer