Sociology Urban Problem Exam 3

  1. Raleigh growth
    • fastest growing through 2025 
    • 20% growth
  2. Urbanization and cause
    population increasing in urban areas because of shift to industrialization
  3. Impact of the Industrial Revolution on American Society
    • population changes: 80% in rural in 1800 to 90% in urban areas now
    • Monetized Markets
    • Change in family life (private vs public sphere, severance of kinship network)
  4. Suburbanization
    • Change in technology (cars) so can live in one place and work in another
    • Baby boom and lack of housing
    • Low cost of suburban housing and land
    • Va assistance (loans and assistance)
  5. Urban Sprawl
    The unplanned, uncontrolled spreading of urban development into areas adjoining the edge of a city
  6. Impact of Sub-urbanization on resources in urban centers
    take social capital and money
  7. impact of sub-urbanization on race and relationship in society
    • redlining and steering 
    • white flight - black move in white move out
  8. Change in racial segregation in cities
    more diversity but more segregation
  9. Causes of Gentrification
    • shortage of affordable housing
    • abandoned low cost housing
  10. Impact of Gentrification
    displace previous residence
  11. Reason for disparity in homeless population data
    • how do you define homeless and how can they take a census?
    • over representation of racial minorities
    • over representation of men
    • high rates of LBGT youth
  12. specialism and addressing homelessness
    specialism - assumption that individual characteristics of poor people cause their homelessness

    look at structural issues instead (ie mental health, employment, race, incarceration, education, wage, cost of living, domestic violence)
  13. Functionalism and Social Disorganization
    social disorganization does not = solidarity 

    • 3 causes of social disorganization:
    • mass migration from rural to urban areas
    • large scale immigration
    • suburbanization

    • solution:
    • establish metropolitan gov
    • create urban enterprise zone
    • keep cost of gov low (privatization and lower tax)
  14. Conflict Theory
    political economy model- urban grown is influenced by capital investment decision, power and resource inequality, and class to class conflict

    uneven development - intervene with policy changes and enfranchisement (make decisions that benefit them than outcomes down lower)
Card Set
Sociology Urban Problem Exam 3
sociology 3