Stuart church and Civil war

  1. james 1
    1603-1625. believed strongly in divine right of kings, and even wrote a book on the issue. made the distinction between puritans he could reconcile with and those beyond reconciliation
  2. "more pride under a puritan's diadem than Alexander the Great's diadem"
    james i, did not like puritans.
  3. milenate petition
    a petition signed by about 1000 puritans who were asking james early in his reign to enact more puritan reforms. He me them at hampton court in 1604, and made a few concessions, such as printing a new Bible, a protestant one, but wouldn't budge too much. Said "no bishops, no king" and liked bishops. thought they were divinely appointed by God, sucessors to the apostles
  4. Jacobean= middle-way
    james was always concerned with finding the middle way in religion, to accomodate as many as he could to try and grow the moderate party to isolate the radical groups on either end
  5. gunpowder plot
    1605, robert catesby, sir thomas percy, and guy fawkes and others are cathollics who expected james to help catholics but he did not. isntead kept up the fine for not going to established church. plot failed. only thing it accomplished was making englishmen distrust catholics more. guy fawkes day became a day of celebration
  6. book of canons
    1604, first review of canon law since the reformation started. became much more protestant. signifies an end to the reformation. said monarch was head of church, and that prayer book is the word of God. was made by king and convocation, not parliament, which angered them. also angered many puritans, strengthening puritan element in parliament
  7. john donne, lancelot andrewes
    two prominent court preachers under james who were both catholic leaning. showed how catholicism was actually making headway again at this time.
  8. prayer-book protestants
    the majority of enlgishmen under james. were protestants, but not puritans. liked the prayer book, and did not like catholicism either.
  9. Arminians
    Founded by James arminius a second generation calvinist, but recanted calvin. rejected pre-destination, and limited atonement, also didn't like the idea of irresistible grace, and instead said we have free-will, the right to turn down god's grace.
  10. synod of dort
    1618, met in holland to respond to arminism. came up with 5 articles (TULIP). Total depravity (humans are tainted by original sin), Unconditional election, Limited atonement (christ didn't die for everyone), Irresistible grace, and final Preserverance of the saints
  11. Declaration of Sports
    1618- a response by james to the puritans call for a "reformation of manners" to ban sports and and activities on sundays. declaration said you should play sports and dance and have fun on sundays. a sign that james would not let puritans go too far
  12. charles 1
    1625-1649. distrusted puritans like his father, but also was friendly to catholics (married one, henrietta maria), which caused problems. believed in divine right of kings, and participtaed in royal healing.continued many of his father's policies, but struggled in his dealings with parliament.
  13. William Laud
    archibishop from 1633-1645.
  14. personal rule
    1629-1640, charles dismisses parliament, but then needs money to supress a scottish revolt, due to him imposing a new prayer book on scotland. to raise money he got it wherever he could, through ship-money, which angered people
  15. long parliament
    164-1653, charles needed money to pay the scots so he called parliament. very turbulent parliament. fears of a catholic plot causes parliament to try to clean up the church "root and branch", imprisoning laud and 13 other bishops
  16. Civil war
    1642-1647, then 2nd: 1647-1648, began when charles tried to impeach 1 house of lords member and 5 members of the house of commons but was chased out. then raised his banners
  17. westminster assembly
    1643-1653, an assembly of mostly clergymen who created a new church, while charles did nothing. Book of CP and church canons are banned. Abolished easter and got rid of "popish elements". altered the church polity. but this new church was never popular with the people
  18. Directory for public worship
    1645, replacing the book of common prayer, was prezbyterian.
  19. declaration of breda
    1560, charles ii in europe releases this declaration, hoping to gain the throne. says he will pardon anyone who appealed to him within 40 days. also gave freedom of conscience, and gave many to any soldiers not paid. any land disputes from the war would be settled in parliamentary courts. was invited back by parliament
  20. charles ii
    ruled from 1662-1685. his return was one of jubilee, known as the "restoration". reinstitued the old church, although tried to please some puritans by appointing prezbyterian bishops. Also outlawed the meeting of certain sects such as quakers and baptists, who had sprouted up under the absence of the monarchy
  21. Cavalier parliament
    started in 1661, was very pro-royal and anti prezbyterian.
  22. book of common prayer 1662
    very similar to 1559 book of CP
  23. act of uniformity, 1662
    outlawed other religious sects and set out terms that had to be met if you wanted to be a clergy member. Hundreds of clergy resigned due to this. represents that the church no longer tried to include dissenters but recognized them for what they are
Card Set
Stuart church and Civil war
Good stuff