Mgmt Chapter 8

  1. Leaders
    • Provide vision and strategy to org
    • Someone who influences others
  2. Managers
    • Work through people and w/ them
    • A position
  3. Leadership
    • Influencing individuals or groups toward the achievement of goals
    • Action, NOT a position
    • Defined by what a person does
  4. Trait Theories
    • Isolate traits that leaders posses
    • Demographic, and psycographic. 
    • Size, status, appearance. 
    • 8 Factors, drive, desire to lead, honesty and integrity, self confidence, cognitive intelligence, emotional intelligence, job relevant knowledge, extroversion (energetic and lively)
  5. Behavioural Theories
    Leadership theories that identify behaviours that differentiate effective leaders from ineffective leaders
  6. Autocratic Style
    • centralized authority 
    • limit employee participation 
    • dictate work methods
  7. Democratic style
    • leader tends to involve employees in decision making, delegate authority, encourage participation in deciding work methods and goals
    • used feedback as an opportunity for coaching employees
  8. Laissez Faire Style
    Leaders gives group complete freedom to make decisions and complete work in whatever way they see fit
  9. Contingency Theories in Leadership
    • Fiedler model
    • Path goal theory
  10. Hersey and Blanchard's Situational Leadership
    • Leadership theory that focuses on the readiness of the followers 
    • Do followers accept leader?
  11. Readiness
    Extent to which people have the ability and willingness to accomplish a specific task.
  12. Path Goal Theory
    • Leadership theory that says leaders job is to assist followers attain their goals
    • provide direction and support to ensure goals are in line w/ org goals
    • 4 Leadership behaviours - directive, supportive, participative, achievement
  13. Fiedler Model
    • Task or relationship oriented
    • Leader - member relations are crucial
  14. Directive Leader (Path Goal)
    • Let subordinate leaders know whats expected
    • Schedules work
    • Specific guidance on how to accomplish tasks
  15. Supportive Leader(Path goal)
    Friendly, shows concern for subordinate needs
  16. Participative Leader (Path goal)
    Consult w/ subordinates and uses suggestions in decision making
  17. Achievement Leader (Path goal)
    leader sets goals and expects others to follow him and perform at highest level
  18. Transactional Leaders
    Guide and motivate followers in direction of established goals by clarifying roles and tasks requirements.
  19. Charismatic Leader
    • Enthusiastic, self confident leader
    • Personality influences actions of others
    • Have a vision, willing to take risks to achieve vision
    • Sensitive to env. restraints (Global, general, specific)
    • Sensitive to followers needs
    • Out of the ordinary
  20. Transformational Leader
    • Leaders inspire followers to transcend themselves for greater good of group
    • Leaders are able to inspire group, have a great effect on group
    • Consider needs of individual
    • Inspires others to TAKE ON THEIR VISION
    • Respectful 
    • Build confidence in others
    • EG. Abe Linclon, Gandi
  21. Visionary Leadership
    Ability to create and articulate a realistic, credible and attractive vision of the future that improves on the present situation
  22. Issues in leadership
    • legitimate power - results from leaders position
    • coercive power - power leader has to punish
    • reward - power to give rewards
    • expert - power based on expertise, knowledge
    • referent - power leader has because of resources or traits
  23. legitimate power
    results from leaders position in an org
  24. coercive power
    power leader has to punish
  25. reward power
    power to give rewards
  26. expert power
    power based on expertise, knowledge
  27. referent power
    power leader has because of resources or traits
Card Set
Mgmt Chapter 8
Prep for final