1960's vocab Alyssa

  1. SCLC
    • Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    • Founded by Martin Luther King, Jr.
    • Nonviolent principles
    • Included whites in movement
    • Publicized unjust treatment in South to gain support
  2. Gov. George Wallace
    • Conservative Governor of Alabama
    • Prevented two black students from attending classes at the University of Alabama campus
    • Stood in the schoolhouse door like a little kid throwing a temper tantrum
    • Protesting desegregation of the school system
  3. Medgar Evars
    • Black civil rights leader
    • WWII veteran
    • Member of NAACP
    • Encouraged poor blacks throughout countryside to register to vote
    • Helped to gather witnesses/evidence for Emmett Till case, attracting national attention
    • Shot outside his home by Byron De La Beckwith - white supremacist
    • De La Beckwith tried for murder twice, both times ended with a hung jury
    • Third time, 31 years after murder, he was finally convicted
    • Lasting results:
    • Media coverage of murder/trials
    • Evars buried in Arlington National Cemetery with full military honors
    • JFK publicly condemned the killing
  4. Jackie Kennedy
    JFK's hot wife
  5. Gov. John Connally
    • Texas governor
    • Secretary of Navy under JFK
    • Riding in car that JFK was assassinated in, rumored to have killed Kennedy
  6. Dealey Plaza
    • Downtown Dallas
    • Site of JFK's assassination
  7. Lee Harvey Oswald
    • Convicted assassin of JFK
    • Multiple conspiracy theories suggest other shooters
  8. Jack Ruby
    • Dallas nightclub owner
    • Shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald
    • Sentenced to death, but died before he was executed
  9. Earl Warren
    • Chief Justice in SCOTUS
    • "Warren Court"
    • Brown v. Board of Education
    • High point of American judicial power
    • Reformed American law through rulings
  10. Cloture
    • The only procedure by which the Senate can vote to place a time limit on consideration of a bill or other matter, and thereby overcome a filibuster.
    • Under the cloture rule (Rule XXII), the Senate may limit consideration of a pending matter to 30 additional hours, but only by vote of three-fifths of the full Senate, normally 60 votes.
  11. Civil Rights Act 1964
    • Johnson
    • Barred unequal application of voter registration requirements, but did not affect literacy tests
    • Prohibited racial discrimination in public places (theaters, restaurants, hotels)
    • Required equal employment opportunities
    • Anything federally funded could be cut off if there was evidence of racial discrimination
  12. Economic Opportunity Act
    • Johsnon - Great Society
    • 1965
    • Created many programs to help public
    • Office of Economic Opportunity, Head Start, Upward Bound, VISTA, Community Action Agencies, Legal Services Program, Public Broadcasting Act, National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities
  13. VISTA
    • Created under Economic Opportunity Act
    • Peace corps teachers into poor districts
    • Paid more than normal teaching job
  14. Food Stamps
    • Johnson - Great Society
    • Started in 1961
    • Only kept for one year, later reintroduced
  15. Wilderness Act of 1964
    • Johnson - Great Society
    • Protected 9 million acres of federal land from corporate/private use
  16. Barry Goldwater
    • Republican nominee in 1964 election
    • Called for small government, tax cuts, lower government spending
    • LBJ's opponent
    • LBJ won by a landslide
  17. A Choice, Not An Echo
    • Book published by Phyllis Schlafly in 1964
    • Outlined conservative school of thought
    • Contributed to Goldwater's nomination
  18. Hubert H. Humphrey
    • Vice President under LBJ
    • Democratic candidate chosen after RFK's assassination
    • Lost election by less than 1%
    • Probably would have won with antiwar backing, but announced plans to stop bombings too late
  19. Great Society
    • LBJ's progressive domestic policy
    • Demanded end to poverty and racial discrimination
    • Mike Might Eat Cake Now Dance Country Voice
Card Set
1960's vocab Alyssa
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