His 101

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  1. Social goals of the
    Farmers’ Alliance:
    • Raise commodity prices for famers’ goods through
    • collective actions and create a union for farmers
  2. The Ocala Demands
    (what were they?)
    • ·       1.
    • No national banks. 2. Govt. insurance of non-perishable farm products. 3. Increase
    • circulation of money until everyone has at least $50. 4. Nobody can farm that
    • isn't with us. 5. Keep gold standard, no changes. 6. No foreign land owners
    • & take land that’s owned by foreign power already. 7. No new industry’s
    • allowed to overtake an older industry, removal of taxes on life necessities,
    • rework tax system to better benefit farmers and workers, give more money to the
    • people, screen the hell out of people before giving them government office, or allow
    • direct vote of people to determine senators without govt. interference.
  3. Sub treasury system
    (what is this?):
    • State-controlled
    • subsidiaries of the national treasury. States can deposit for just state funds
    • & feds control it.
  4. Free Silver (Why was
    this a goal of Populists?)
    To do away with the gold standard
  5. Bryan’s “Cross of
    Gold Speech
    • Bryan
    • gave this speech to bring about free coinage of silver.
  6. The Social Gospel
    • Christian
    • faith practiced as a call not just to personal conversion but to social reform.
  7. Muckrakers
    • ·       Journalists
    • or authors who search for & exposes scandals/abuses occurring in business/politics.
  8. Middle Class (know
    who these people were):
    • ·       The
    • urban, college-educated people who the Progressive reformers drew support from.
  9. Honest” &
    “Dishonest” Graft (George Plunkitt)
    • ·       For
    • honest graft, one pursued the interest of one’s party, state, & personal
    • interests all together. For dishonest graft, one worked solely for one’s own
    • interests.
  10. Progressives Social
    Reform Agenda
    • ·       Municipal
    • administration (city & state govt., better ways to provide services),
    • efficiency, eliminating corrupt govt., education, regulation of large
    • corporations & monopolies, trust busting, regulation, social work,
    • enactment of child labor laws, support for goals of organized labor,
    • prohibition conservationism, & much more.
  11. Robert La Follette
    • ·       A
    • charismatic politician who created major innovations in public policy. Also the
    • recognized leader of the Progressive movement.
  12. 16th-20th
    • ·       16th
    • amendment allows fed. govt.to collect income tax, 17th amendment
    • allows direct election of U.S. Senators by popular vote, 18th
    • amendment establishes prohibition of alcohol, (repealed by 21st
    • amendment), 19th amendment establishes women’s suffrage, & 20th
    • amendment fixes dates of term commencements for Congress & the President
    • (known as lame duck amendment).
  13. National Origins Act
    • Restricted immigration of Southern & Eastern
    • Europeans & practically excluded Asians. Congress abolished this act in the
    • 1960s.
  14. How did the
    automobile change where & how people lived? Greater
    • ·       Greater
    • mobility, creation of jobs, growth of industries & of the suburbs.
  15. How did Henry Ford
    change the lives of workers?
    • Because he more than doubled wages to $5/day he
    • helped build the U.S. middle class & the modern economy.
  16. How did the radio
    change family life?
    • It was first used as a means of communication,
    • from wireless telegraphy to aerial communication
  17. Behaviorism:
    • ·       Dr.
    • John B. Watson was its founder. He believed that man was nothing more than a
    • machine & all human factions, including thinking, can be observed &
    • described in terms of stimuli & response.
  18. Margaret Sanger:
    • ·       A
    • birth control activist, sex educator, & nurse. She popularized the word
    • birth control, opened the first birth control clinic in the U.S., &
    • established orgs that evolved into Planned Parenthood Fed. of America.
  19. Harlem Renaissance
    • African American achievements in art, music,
    • & lit flourished
  20. Why did prohibition
    • It led to increased crime rates, making
    • gangsters come to power as people desired alcohol (which was highly prized),
    • leabing women to suffer more. It was almost 14 years in which anything alcohol
    • related was illegal and so it resulted in the only time an amendment was
    • repealed.
  21. How did prohibition
    change the lives of women?
    • ·       Because
    • it was the first sexual revolution, women’s fashions changed radically. Women
    • were viewed as being much freer sexually than the women before them but weren’t
    • nearly as promiscuous as most saw them.
  22. Rural reaction to
    • Millions of rural Americans moved to the citiesof rural Americans moved to the cities.
  23. Associationalism
    • A political project where “human welfare & liberty
    • are both best served when many of the affairs of a society as possible are
    • managed by voluntary & democratically self-governing associations It “gives
    • priority to freedom in its scale of values, but it contends that such freedom
    • can only be pursued effectively if individuals join with their fellows
  24. Emergency Bank Act:
    • ·       Made
    • by President FDR during the Great Depression, this act allows only Fed
    • Reserve-approved banks to operate in the U.S.
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His 101
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