hormones Quiz- 9

  1. *
    Reticular Activating Sysyem
    • *
    • What is the system that controls your level of ALERTNESS?
  2. Beta= excited
    Alpha= relaxed
    Delta= deep sleep
    • Brain Waves on EEG
    • beta indicates...
    • alpha indicates...
    • delta indicates...
  3. *
    Rapid Eye Movement

    (beta waves, NOT delta)
    • *
    • What is characteristic of Paradoxical sleep?
  4. *
    also: motivation, learning and memory
    • *
    • What is associated function for the limbic system?
  5. Rehearsal (practice) and need to Code or consolidate info.
    What does it take to turn short term memory into Long term memory?
  6. enter the BLOOD, and travels in the BLOOD.  They attach to RECEPTORS
    How do hormones leave glands?  How do they reach their targets?  And what do they attach to once reaching their target?
  7. steroids and amino acids/proteins
    What are the two types of chemicals of hormones?
  8. Second messenger and Gene activation.

    Second messenger- Starts outside the cell, causing internal reaction thru a series of steps/reactions. typically used for proteins.

    Gene activation- steroids pass thru cell membrane, attach to a protein forming a hormone complex then directly acts on the DNA effecting transcription.
    There are two types of mechanism for hormones, what are they?  What is the main difference between them?
  9. The hypothalamus controls the pituitary.

    Hypothalamus lies just above the brain stem. The pituitary gland is attached to the bottom of the hypothalamus. pituitary gland consists of two major regions: the anterior and the posterior
    What is the connection between the hypothalamus and pituitary?
  10. *
    • *
    • What is an example of a protein?
  11. Growth Hormone (GH) ------- growth
    Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)---cortisol secretion
    Thyroid stimulating(TSH)-----thyroxine "       "
    Prolactin (PRL)----------=---- milk secrets
    Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) --sex funct.
    Luteinizing hormone (LH) ----sexual function
    Calcitonin----------------------takes in Ca
    Parathyroid hormone (PTH)--releases Ca
    Insulin--------------------------take in sugar
    Glucagon-----------------------releases sugar
    List the hormones that are proteins
  12. Antidiuretic (ADH)------------retains water
    Oxytocin----let down reflex/contraction of uterus
    List hormones that are peptides
  13. Thyroxine (T4) ----------increase metabolic rate
      - it's an amino acid but also has iodine

    Epinephrine&Norepinephrine-----adjust to stress
    List hormones that are amino acids
  14. aldosterone---------excrete potassium (kidneys)
    cortisol--release nutrients(elevates blood sugar)
    sex hormones---sexual maturity
    List hormones that are steroids
  15. Example
    GH is made when it's told to by the hypothalamus, by the release of GH releasing hormones.  Once GH is made, then it causes growth via entering & travelling through the bloodstream.  
    How does hypothalamus and anterior pituitary gland interact?
  16. growth hormone, adrenocorticotropic, thyroid stimulating, prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone
    List hormones in the anterior pituitary
  17. antidiuretic, oxytocin
    list hormones in posterior pituitary
  18. thyroxine (T4), calcitonin
    list hormones in thyroid gland
  19. parathyroid hormone
    list hormones in parathyroid gland
  20. aldosterone, cortisol, sex hormones
    list hormones in adrenal cortex
  21. epinephrine and norepinephrine
    list hormones in adrenal medulla
  22. insulin, glucagon
    list hormones in pancreas
  23. *antidiuretic, posterior pituitary
    *which hormone causes your kidneys to retain water? where is it found?
  24. calcitonin, thyroid gland
    which hormone takes in calcium? where is it found?
  25. insulin, pancreas
    which hormone lowers blood sugar? where is it found?
  26. *thyroxine, thyroid gland
    *which hormone speeds up your cells/speeds up your metabolic rate? where is it found?
  27. growth hormone, anterior pituitary
    which hormone causes growth? where is it found?
  28. ACTH (adrenocorticotropic), anterior pituitary
    which hormone causes cortisol secretion? where is it found?
  29. thyroid stimulating (TSH), anterior pituitary
    which hormone causes thyroxine secretion? where is it found?
  30. prolactin, anterior pituitary
    which hormone causes milk secretion? where is it found?
  31. follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormones, anterior pituitary
    which hormones cause adult sexual function? where are they found?
  32. *parathyroid hormone, parathyroid gland
    *which hormone releases calcium? where is it found?
  33. *Oxytocin, posterior pituitary
    *which hormone causes the let-down reflex? where is it found?
  34. *aldosterone, adrenal cortex
    *which hormone excretes potassium? where is it found?
  35. cortisol, adrenal cortex
    which hormone releases nutrients to the cells? where is it found?
  36. sex hormones, andrenal cortex
    which hormone causes sexual maturity in the body? where is it found?
  37. *epinephrine & norepinephrine, adrenal medulla
    *which hormone adjusts to stress? where is it found?
  38. *glucagon, pancreas
    *which hormone causes an increase to blood sugar? where is it found?
  39. 3.1415927
Card Set
hormones Quiz- 9