Art 115 2nd Part Questions Final Review

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  1. The End of Art History? - With the rise of Pop Art, critics like Arthur Danto questioned whether or not the history of art had in indeed come to an end. As artists begin to draw more and more influences from popular culture, and as it becomes increasingly clear that the "mainstream” is no longer moving in any one direction, are we seeing the “end of art history?” 
  2. Formalism” and Expressionism” are two broad themes critics used to discuss the artists of the Abstract Expressionist movement. What is the importance of these two ideas in reference to the work of
    1. AE artists ?  
    Reference at least one specific work
  3. Name some American Pop Art Pioneers:
    • 1. Jasper Johns
    • 2.Robert Rauschenberg
    • 3. Roy Lichtenstein
    • 4.Andy Warhol
    • 5. Claes Oldenburg
    • 6. James Rosenquist
  4. Benday dots – Define
    in modern printmaking and typesetting, individual dots that, together with many others make up lettering and images. They are small and closely arranged to give the effect of density and richness of tone
  5. Was Pop Art smart or stupid??  Is art just another product to be consumed? * Are these works affirmations of the culture they come from (massconsumers, popular culture), criticism, or documentation?
  6. Who said this----Art should be an affirmation of life – not an attempt to bring order out of chaos… but simply waking up to the very life we’re living.” The fusion of art and life into one
    John Cage
  7. Post-Modernism- A criticism of Modernist thought and practices; it postulates that many, if not all, realities are only social constructs, and unstable. It emphasizes the role of language and denies the tight classification of things
  8. Minimalism: Define
    A Response To Pop and Abstract Expressionism - The Beginnings of Conceptual Art
  9. Minimalism characteristics:
    • 1. MINIMAL (simple)
    • 2. Non-representational
    • 3. Common industrial materials
    • 4. Literalness
    • 5. Simple geometric forms
  10. Sentences on Conceptual Art--by Sol Lewitt, 1967
    list some of them?
    • 1. Conceptual artists are mystics rather than rationalists. They leap to conclusions that logic cannot reach.
    • 2. Rational judgments repeat rational judgments.
    • 3. Irrational judgments lead to new experience.
    • 4. Formal art is essentially rational.
    • 5. Irrational thoughts should be followed absolutely and logically.
    • 6. If the artist changes his mind midway through the execution of the piece he compromises the result and repeats past results.
    • 7. The artist's will is secondary to the process he initiates from idea to completion. His willfulness may only be ego.
    • 8. When words such as painting and sculpture are used, they connote a whole tradition and imply a consequent acceptance of this tradition, thus placing limitations on the artist who would be reluctant to make art that goes beyond the limitations.
    • 9. The concept and idea are different. The former implies a general direction while the latter is the component. Ideas implement the concept.
    • 10. Ideas can be works of art; they are in a chain of development that may eventually find some form. All ideas need not be made physical.
    • 11. Ideas do not necessarily proceed in logical order. They may set one off in unexpected directions, but an idea must necessarily be completed in the mind before the next one is formed.
    • 12. For each work of art that becomes physical there are many variations that do not.
    • 13. A work of art may be understood as a conductor from the artist's mind to the viewer's. But it may never reach the viewer, or it may never leave the artist's mind.
    • 14. The words of one artist to another may induce an idea chain, if they share the same concept.
    • 15. Since no form is intrinsically superior to another, the artist may use any form, from an expression of words (written or spoken) to physical reality, equally.
    • 16. If words are used, and they proceed from ideas about art, then they are art and not literature; numbers are not mathematics.
    • 17. All ideas are art if they are concerned with art and fall within the conventions of art.
    • 18. One usually understands the art of the past by applying the convention of the present, thus misunderstanding the art of the past.
    • 19. The conventions of art are altered by works of art.
    • 20. Successful art changes our understanding of the conventions by altering our perceptions.
  11. Is the earth art movement a rejection of the museum?
  12. How does the idea of ‘process’ come into play?The ephemeral and the lifespan of an artwork?
  13. Explain how both Dada and Surrealism changed the form, content, and concept of art. Focus your answer around an analysis of one artwork discussed in class from each of these two movements 
  14. The Abstract Expressionists were united by:
    • 1. An interest in the tradition of painting, but a desire to rebel against it and change the ideas of European Modernism
    • 2. To treat painting as a self-contained expressive exercise
    • 3. Mining visual archetypes that were embedded in the collective unconscious to communicate universal ideas in paint
    • 4. Paint sublime art on a heroic scale
  15. Discussion Question on Public Art: ===The work of the Mexican Muralists is public art – What made it effective (or not) and how has public art changed in the contemporary age?
    Give specific examples
  16. What are some of the ideas in art that we’ve discussed with the rise of Modernism 
  17. The beginnings of Dada were not the beginnings of art but >>>>>>
    but of disgust.”
  18. Surrealism--"
    Pure psychic automatism
  19. In his 1924 Surrealist Manifesto, Andre Breton defined Surrealism as: ---“Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one proposes to express… the actual functioning of thought…in the absence of any control exercised by reason, exempt from any aesthetic or moral concern.” 
  20. What is  “Automatism” ? 
    is the process more important than the finished product
  21. Explain how both Dada and Surrealism changed the form, content, and concept of art. Focus your answer around an analysis of one artwork discussed in class from each of these two movements.
    give examples
  22. What was the role of the machine in the Bauhaus (both in the teaching and the work created) and how did it influence future generations?
    Use specific examples
  23. Impressionismis the first movement of modern art.”
    yes or no
  24. Mesoamerica- the region that extends from north of the Valley of Mexico (Mexico City) through the western portion of modern Honduras
  25. Define Stela-
    an upright stone or wooden slab bearing markings
  26. The 30s was our golden age, the only humane era in our history, the one brief period when we permitted ourselves to be good. Before that time, all was Business,and after, it has all been War.”
    agree or not
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Art 115 2nd Part Questions Final Review
Art 115 final
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