Test #3

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  1. Dialogical Literature/Imagination
    Aspect of the 1950's in which there in which different voices are used and those voices may be ironized. It is usually one subject that is split such as the country singer Hank Williams (hillbilly) and Luke the Drifter (southern Christian); Old south vs New south
  2. Old South
    The idea of the old south was a rural south which was an alternative to the industrialized new south who usually held the more old traditional Christian values; Nashville Agrarians fought to protect the south from the new America
  3. Nashville Agrarians
    a group fighting to protect southern America and says that America got off track after the civil war; believed in the old south and lamented the idea of the new south
  4. New South
    • a south that would become industrialized and
    • suburban and catch up with the rest of America
  5. Southern gothic
    In literature was a conflict between the old and new south in which the theme of "the declining old south" was prevailing was made famous by William Faulkner. Themes included incest, trapness, and monstrosity.
  6. Grotesque
    Aspect of the southern gothic in which a character of the novel has a psychological or physical problem that symbolized the the old south and how it didn't fit in modern America
  7. "Christian realism"
    Religious conservation that was the south's alternative to the liberal America that put an emphasis of sin and 'The great mistake of Liberalism is the idea that man is essentially good'
  8. Mind-body relations
    Descart theory stated that the mind and body were separate and that the mind was spiritual and the body was the animal part of you which would later be replaced by holism in the 1950's
  9. Holism
    replaced descarts mind-body theory which argues both the mind and body are one entity. Holism argues that when the two are separated, it causes social neurocist which was symbolized in culture like movies when the when the mind is at war with the body in cyborg characters
  10. Abstract expressionism
    was the concept of using paint to express feeling by painting the feeling. Paint how the kitten made you feel and not the kitten itself. this was supposed to serve as a cure to social neuocist; plasticity was doing more with the paint like Jackson Pallock did
  11. Beat poetry
    Poetry that uses prosody which is a method of giving meaning by changing the sound of the word and use of rhythms which feeds off the energy from the art and people in attendance also known as The Happening
  12. Sex and drugs (mind/body)
    Sex was just for the experience and no longer exclusive as concrete for marriage. And repression of sex was seen as a source of social neurocist and the repression of sex creates a Reichian "body armor" which made it harder to connect to others and easier for you to be controlled
  13. Modern Jazz (mind body)
    Jazz was no longer being seen as only a dance genre but a source of expression. The traditional jazz that America was used to was now being altered by changing timbres and usually consisted of a quartet. While one improvised, the others supported and the soloist usually played in a "talking form"
  14. Core-Periphery
    Related to race; showed how cultural power was tied to economic power and geographic concentration (core); at the core was mainstream culture and periphery argues that argues that they aren't like they are usually perceived by the core and usually try to emulate the core
  15. Regional "types"
    Each region of America is symbolized as a type and each region is represented through an icon; midwestern farmer, southern moonshiner, "Wild west" Indian, and Prospector
  16. Southern moonshiner
    Moonshining was an illegal whiskey market that got much resistance from the government and moonshining served as a symbol for resistance to the national government and new pop culture. Standing still was a good thing (I'll Take My Stand x Nashville Agrarians). Car culture rose out of moonshining because moonshiners used stock cars to move moonshine and this is how NASCAR would emerge. First few NASCAR drivers and champs were moonshiners
  17. "Wild West" Indian
    In the 19th century, Indians were seen as savages because of their resistance to the cowboys who tried to expand westward. But with the surgence of Tiki in the 50's, people changed their views on the Indians who were formally seen as savage Sue Indians but now seen as Navaho and Pueblo Indians who's culture got much attention from tourists along route 66. Navaho Indians were used to send secret messages in WWII b/c Germans couldn't crack the code.
  18. Prospector
    Also in the west and they were looking to strike rich and represented the model of the American dream while they looked for gold and uranium. In addition to working hard for riches, you also had to get lucky and the reward may not match the effort put forth during the pursuit.
  19. Generational Divide and the "New Left"
    Babies of the the baby boom that were raised by doctor Spock were being divided from culture and creating a new set of beliefs. Groups like the Student for a Democratic Society emerged
  20. Students for a Democratic Society
    Students dealing with social issues such as racism, conformity and much more who rejected the suburban idea since it was associated with conforming and sheltering and rejected their parents idea of America's role in the world
  21. New Left/Old Left
    The New Left held a democratic view that wanted to be distinguished from the Old Left who were concerned with the Cold War idea of Capitalism vs. Communism
  22. Social Issues that were arising during generational identity
    • The Rediscovery of Poverty: poverty was also in America with the migrant workers
    • Ban The Bomb: nuclear testing making food and other stuff radioactive which sparked the "Ban the bomb" movement to stop open air testing
  23. Folk Music revival
    what kids during the generational identity listened. appealed to many because it wasn't part of the "establishment" and you didn't need much since it was mostly acoustic; making it easy to travel
  24. The Establishment
    Were the technocratic America who's moral decisions were tainted and left behind the humanity aasspect
  25. Queer Voices
    Gay Liberation in the 1950'S which saw lots of opposition because not only was it a sin, but it was a crime according to the Conservatives and illness according to the Liberals
  26. Passing
    To be able to pass as straight but being a gay person. Essentially still being in the closet. Deceiving people by cross dressing and some gays were able to get married using passing; 2 of McCarthy's top 8 were actually gay but were "passing" as straight
  27. McCarthyism
    Just like he went after communist, he also went after gays and drove them out of their jobs because they were thought as emotionally unstable and they weren't able to function in their jobs; especially government positions. 2 of McCarthy's top 8 were actually gay but were "passing" as straight
  28. Therapies (Liberal)
    Homosexuality was seen as an illness that could possibly be cured by means of sex changes or inhumane shock charge therapy; Christine Jorgensen was famously known for formally being known as George Jorgensen and one of the first to get a sex change
  29. Camp
    • Was a way of representing gay lifestyle to other gays while avoiding attention from society and flying under the radar while satirizing straight culture. Musicals were a prominent place to find camp.
  30. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
    was a film that featured Marilyn Monroe that was choreographed by a gay man and the real reason the men were ignoring her wasn't because they were training for the Olympics but because they were gay
  31. The Mattachine Society/Daughters of Bilitis
    Men/Women. Societies that were part of the gay right movement to defend those that were under the imprisonment of the enforcement
  32. "Obscene" Literature
    Gay literary movement in which authors began to come out of the closet such as James Baldwin in Giovanni's Room
  33. Satirical Comedy
    Sick humor that we used today that is directly contrasted with cleaner jokes from shoes like Leave it to Beaver
  34. Mort Sahl
    One of the first comics that emerged from the Hungry i and developed the attitude comedy that was in a style of monologues rather than telling a series of jokes; made fun of the news like the space race and helped JFK's campaign against Nixon
  35. Tom Lehrer
    Satirical piano pieces which were paired with sick humor lyrics; "Poisoning Pigeons in the Park" was a Gothic inversion from the sentimental idea; "My Home Town" was a song about despite America having so much bad in it, it was still the best place in the world
  36. Lenny Bruce
    Preformed one of the most extremes of the sick humor, metacomedy, or comedy that crosses the line of performance art and makes you reconsider if it's funny and why people would think it was funny
  37. Pop art
    Style of artwork that satirized American culture and highbrow art. Andy Warhol used the medium of silkscreen which was mass produced which represented his love-hate relationship with art
  38. Ecology
    was the concept of how everything in the environment is interrelated and we can't have one thing without the other; "Thinking like a Mountain"; second order learning; cybernetics and feedback
  39. "Thinking like a Mountain"
    the people hunt the wolf because it has been killing the sheep but without the sheep, the balance of the mountains ecosystem was out of whack and the sheep begin to die off
  40. Second-order learning
    Gregory Bateson's idea of when you learn to do something, you also learn how to learn it
  41. Cybernetics and Feedback
    Cybernetics is the idea of creating artificial intelligence. Intelligence is the process of feedback loops in which actions evoke responses and you consider those actions next time
  42. Field Theory
    Every even is an interaction that's part of of a community interaction; Zen Buddhism and Chaos theory
  43. Zen Buddhism
    You can't have an individual without others; John Cage, composer, was famous for second-order listening (listening which was about listening to yourself) and how others' inputs helped create a greater piece; "Four minutes and 33 Second" was a piece he composed in which he played nothing and the sounds of the audience was the music
  44. Chaos theory
    Feedback loops create organization in a community and although it may seem chaotic, it was still organized due to the systematic feeding. Max Neuhaus created a feedback loop of musical instruments activated by acoustic inputs from the surrounding environment
  45. Sonny's Blues
    James Baldwin; A story in which a unnamed narrator struggles to try to get his brother to lead a life that he doesn't want to. Sonny rather plays music and at the end of the novel, when the narrator hears the music being plays, it speaks to him and he understands
  46. You Can't be any Poorer than Dead
    Flannery O'Connor; Short story in which there is a dialogical divide within the main character, Young Tarwater, who struggles with being more old south and new south (code switching) which was embodied when he is tempted by the devil (new south) not to bury his dead Great Uncle, Old Tarwater, but knows that is the Christian thing to do which was characteristic of the old south.
  47. The Port Huron Statement
    Students for a Democratic Society; excerpt in which the students expressed their democratic views while shedding some light on what was currently wrong with the society as far as the exclusiveness of politics and how it was not for the people and a lack of interest by university students regarding public issues
  48. Gestalt Therapy
    Perls, Herfferline & Goodman; essay that explains the Gestalt theory in relation to society which sought to serve as a cure for certain cultural illnesses; also related to ecology and feedback loops
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Test #3
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