Chapter 6 Male Reproductive

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  1. study of males
  2. the paranchymal organs that produce the sex cells in both sexes
  3. male sex cells
  4. male gonads
  5. testes/testicles produce gametes called
  6. sac the testes are suspended in
  7. the stage of life in which males and females become functionally capable of sexual reproduction
  8. sex hormone responsible for the growth and development of male sex characteristics
  9. a series of tightly coiled tiny tubes in each testis where spermatozoa are formed
    seminiferous tubules
  10. the formation of sperm
  11. the serous membrane that surrounds the front and sides of the testicle
    tunica vaginalis testis
  12. where sperm is stored
  13. seminal fluid ejected from the urethra
  14. an enclosed sheath that includes the vas deferens, along with arteries, veins, and nerves
    spermatic cord
  15. fluid from a series of glands that provide fluid either to nourish or to aid in mobility and lubrication
    • seminal vesicles
    • Cowper's (bulbourtethral) glands
    • prostate gland
  16. begins where the seminal vesicles join the vas deferens, and this "tube" joins the urethra
    ejaculatory duct
  17. the enlarged tip of the penis
    glans penis
  18. fold of skin surrounding the glans penis at birth
  19. removal of the prepuce
  20. sexual intercourse
    • coitus 
    • compulation
  21. condition of being born without a testicle
  22. congenital defect resulting in a downward (ventral) curvature of the penis due to a fibrous band (cord) of tissue along the corpus spongiosum
    chordee, congenital
  23. condition in which the testicles fail to descend into the scrotum before birth

  24. urethral opening on the dorsum (top) of the penis rather than on the tip

  25. urethral opening on the ventral surface (underside) of the penis instead of on the tip
  26. condition of no living sperm in the semen
  27. inflammation of the glans penis
  28. inflammation of the glans penis and foreskin
  29. abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland surrounding the urethra, leading to difficulty with urination
    benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

    • (benign prostatic hypertrophy)
    • (enlarged prostate)
  30. blood test used to diagnose BPH. very high levels may indicate prostate cancer
    PSA (prostate-specific antigen)
  31. inflammation of the epididymis, usually a result of an ascending infection through the genitourinary tract
  32. inability to achieve or sustain a penile erection for sexual intercourse
    erectile dysfunction (ED)

  33. accumulation of fluid in the tunica vaginalis testis
  34. a hardening of the corpus cavernosa of the penis that can cause painful erections
    induration penis plastica

    (Peyronie's disease)
  35. condition of temporary or permanent deficiency of sperm in the seminal fluid; related to azoospermia
  36. inflammation of the testicles

  37. condition of tightening of the prepuce around the glans penis so that the foreskin cannot be retracted
  38. an abnormally prolonged erection
  39. inflammation of the prostate gland
  40. a swelling of the epididymis that contains sperm
    spermatocele of epididymis
  41. twisting of a testicle on its spermatic cord, usually caused by trauma. may lead to ischemia of the testicle
    testicular torsion

    (torsion of testis)
  42. inflammation of a seminal vesicle, usually associated with prostatitis
  43. other term for STD
    venereal disease (VD)
  44. disease caused by the gram-negative diplococcus Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium (Gc), which manifest itself as inflammation of the urethra, prostate, rectum, or pharynx. the cervix and fallopian tubes may also be involved in females, although they may appear asymptomatic
  45. form of the herpesvirus transmitted through sexual contact, causing recurring painful vesicular eruptions
    herpes genitalis

    (herpes simplex virus, HSV-2)
  46. virus that causes common warts of the hands and feet and lesions of the mucous membranes of the oral, anal, and genital cavities.
    human papillomavirus
  47. genital wart
  48. inflammation of the urethra caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium, or Ureaplasm urealyticum
    nongonococcal urethritis (NGU)
  49. multistage STD caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. a highly infectious chancre, a painless, red ulcer, appears in the first stage
  50. used to diagnose syphillis
    • Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test (VDRL)
    • fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test (FTA-ABS)
  51. these testicular tumors arise from the stromal tissue of the testes that produce hormones. usually benign
    Leydig and Sertoli cell tumors
  52. prostate cancer is diagnosed in one of every sex men. with early detection, however, this cancer is treatable
    adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  53. a type of germ cell tumor (GCT). it accounts for the majority of testicular cancer causes and occurs in younger men, usually between 15-35.
  54. this malignancy is one type of GCT that develops from the cells that form the sperm
  55. this tumor is a type of nonseminoma that is usually benign in children. because these tumors are created from germ cells, they have half the necessary genetic information to form an individual
    teratoma, malignant

    (syn. dermoid cyst)
  56. surgically correcting a defect of the glans penis
  57. surgical procedure in which the prepuce of the penis is excised
  58. incision of the epididymis to drain a cyst
  59. imaging of the epididymis and seminal vesicle using a contrast medium
  60. cutting out part or all of one or both testicles, usually for removal of a tumor or cyst

    • (orchectomy)
    • (orchiectomy)
  61. surgical procedure to mobilize an undescended testicle, attaching it to the scrotum
  62. surgically correcting a defect of the penis
  63. removal of the prostate gland.
  64. prostate gland, seminal vesicles and area of vas ampullae of the vas deferens are removed
    radical prostatectomy
  65. cutting out the prostate in sections through a urethral approach. the most common type of prostatectomy
    transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR, TURP)
  66. form of prostate surgery involving tiny incisions of the prostate. the prostate is not removed
    transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP)
  67. anastomosis of the ends of the vas deferens as a means of reconnecting them to reverse the sterilization techinique
  68. incision, ligation, and cauterization of both the vas deferens for the purpose of male sterilization
  69. imaging of the vas deferens to visualize possible blockages
  70. a tying of the vas deferens as a sterilization procedure
  71. cutting out the seminal vesicle
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Chapter 6 Male Reproductive
Chapter 6 Male Reproductive
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