Community Policing Final Vocab words

  1. Vocab: Diffusion
    Occurs when Criminals believe that the opportunity blocking one type of criminal activity, is also aimed at other types of criminal activity.

    ex: a camera aimed at stopping prostitution, is placed where drug dealers also sell drugs. so they stop selling in that area.
  2. Vocab: Synergism
    Occurs when individuals channel their energies towards a common purpose and accomplish what they couldn't do alone.
  3. Vocab: Target Hardening
    making potential objectives of criminals more difficult to obtain.

    this is done through the use of improved locks, alarm systems, and security cameras.
  4. Vocab: CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design)
    Crime Prevention Though Environmental Design

    Altering the physical environment to enhance safety, reduce incidence and fear of crime, and improve the quality of life

    Example: trimming bushes and trees so that burglars are more easily seen trying to break in
  5. Vocab: Gateway Theory
    Teaches that milder illicit drugs (like Marijuana)

    lead directly to experimentation with and an addiction to hard drugs. (like Cocaine and heroin)

    differs from Stepping stone theory in that the Gateway theory the user makes the choice, stepping stone the user has a chemical change in their brain and nervous system

    There is no evidence of this
  6. Vocab: stepping stone theory
    Similar to Gateway theory

    In this theory, cannabis use would lead to neurophysiology changes, thus creating the need to move on to the use of other drugs.

    This theory has been completely dismissed by research.
  7. Vocab: DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)
    • a program aimed at elementary-age school children. seeking to teach them to say
    • "no to drugs"

    was not an effective program
  8. Vocab: Open Drug Market
    Dealers Sell to all potential customers, eliminating only those suspected of being police officers or some other threat. - see Also Closed Drug Markets
  9. Vocab: Closed Drug Market
    Dealers sell only to people they know or who are vouched for by other buyers. See also Open Drug Market
  10. Vocab: Leakage
    • Occurs when a student intentionally or unintentionally reveals clues to an impending violent act.
    • may be feelings, thoughts, fantasies attitudes, or intentions¬† of the act.
  11. Vocab: Veiled Threat
    One that strongly implies but does not explicitly threaten violence.
  12. Vocab: Conditional Threat
    a type of threat often seen in extortion cases;

    warns that a violent act will happen unless certain demands or terms are met.
  13. Vocab: Direct Threats
    • Identifies a specific act against a specific target.
    • this is done in a straightforward, clear, and explicit manner.
  14. Vocab: Indirect threats
    Tend to be vague, unclear, and ambiguous threats.

    the plan, intended victim, motivation, and other aspects of the threat are masked or ambiguous.
  15. Vocab: Bullying
    Name Calling, fistfights, purposeful ostracism, extortion, character assassination, repeated physical attacks, and sexual harassment; also called Peer child abuse
  16. Vocab: Street gang
    A group of people whose allegiance is based on social needs, who have an identifiable leadership, who claim control over a specific territory in the community, and who engage in criminal acts that affect the public
  17. Vocab: Gang
    An ongoing group of people that form an allegiance for a common purpose and engage in unlawful or criminal activity. See also Street Gang and youth gang
  18. Vocab: Youth Gang
    A subgroup of a street gang; may refer to a juvenile clique within a gang
  19. Vocab: Suppression
    Strategy to address the gang problem

    includes tactics such as prevention, arrest, imprisonment, supervision, and surveillance.
  20. Vocab: Bias
    a prejudice that inhibits objectivity: can evolve into hate
  21. Vocab: Hate Crime
    • a criminal offense committed against a person, property, or society that is motivated by an offenders bias against a race, religion, ethnic/national origin, gender, age, disability, or sexual orientation
    • also known as bias crime
  22. Vocab: Discrimination

    is a behavior. (acting on a prejudice)

    • example of Discrimination: treating certain
    • groups with preferentially...
  23. Vocab: prejudice
    is an attitude or belief towards certain groups
  24. Vocab: Straw purchasers
    Weapons buyers fronting for people linked to illegal gun trafficking

    Example: a person buying a gun that is later going to be sold illegally to a felon
  25. Vocab: Community Policing
    a philosophy or management style that emphasizes community and police partners to work together to reduce crime, fear of crime, and other problems in the community
  26. Vocab: Terrorism
    • The unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property
    • to intimidate or coerce a government, or citizens... done in furtherance of political or social objectives.
  27. Vocab: SARA model
    Scanning, analysis, response, and assessment

    Scanning: Refers to identifying recurring problems and prioritizing them to select one problem to address.

    • Analysis: Examines the identified problem's causes, scope, and effects; includes
    • determining how often the problem occurs and how long it has been
    • occurring, as well as conditions that appear to create the problem

    Response: Acting to alleviate the problem, that is, selecting the alternative solution or solutions.

    Assessment: Refers to evaluating how effective the intervention was; was the problem solved?
  28. Vocab: Drug Courts
    a form of restorative justice

    • drug-addicted persons may be sent to Drug Court in lieu of traditional justice system case processing. Drug Courts
    • keep individuals in treatment long enough for it to work, while
    • supervising them closely.
    • they are provided with intensive treatment and other services and are required to get and stay clean and sober
    • held accountable by the Drug Court judge for meeting their obligations to the court, society, themselves and their families;
    • regularly and randomly tested for drug use;
    • required to appear in court frequently so that the judge may review their progress; and rewarded for doing well or sanctioned when they do not live up to their obligations.
  29. Vocab: Sociopath
    • Antisocial Personality Disorder.
    • Individuals with this disorder have little regard for the feeling and welfare of others. They do not consider other people's wishes, welfare or rights. They can be manipulative and may lie to gain personal pleasure or profit.

    • There are ten general symptoms:
    • not learning from experience
    • no sense of responsibility
    • inability to form meaningful relationships
    • inability to control impulses
    • lack of moral sense
    • chronically antisocial behavior
    • no change in behavior after punishment
    • emotional immaturity
    • lack of guilt
    • self-centered-ness
  30. Vocab: the GRIP Program (Gang Resistance Is Paramount)
    The Gang Resistance Is Paramount (GRIP) program seeks to prevent youths from joining gangs through education
  31. Vocab: The GREAT program (Gang Resistance Education And Training)
    The Gang Resistance Education And Training (GREAT) program - is aimed at stopping gang membership
  32. Vocab: Domestic Terrorism
    • The unlawful use or threatened use, or force or violence -
    • against person or property -
    • by a group or individual based and operating entirely within the United States without foreign Direction -
    • To Coerce a government or civilian population in furtherance of political or social objectives

    Example: Oklahoma City Bombing
  33. Vocab: International Terrorism
    The unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, or citizens... done in furtherance of political or social objectives.

    Is Foreign based or directed by countries or groups outside the United States.

    The act can be committed on Foreign soil or in the United States But is directed at the united states

    Example Bombing of an American Embassy in another country
Card Set
Community Policing Final Vocab words
Community Policing Final Vocab words