Parts of Speech - 1st Language Lessons & Classical Conversations

  1. Noun
    A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea.
  2. Five Kinds of Nouns (Usages)
    • Subject
    • Direct Object
    • Indirect Object
    • Object of Preposition
    • Possessive
  3. Common Noun
    A common noun is the name of a kind of person, place, or thing.
  4. Proper Noun
    A proper noun is the special or particular name of a person, place, or thing. (Examples: Hannah, Toronto, Tuesday, September, Lego)
  5. Pronoun
    A pronoun is a word used in the place of a noun to avoid repetition.
  6. Nominative Pronouns
    • I
    • you
    • he/she/it
    • we
    • you
    • they
  7. Objective Pronouns
    • mine
    • yours
    • his/hers
    • ours
    • yours
    • theirs
  8. Reflexive Pronouns
    • myself
    • yourself
    • himself/herself/itself
    • ourselves
    • yourselves
    • themselves
  9. Interrogative Pronouns
    • who
    • whom
    • whose
    • which
    • what
  10. Demonstrative Pronouns
    • this
    • that
    • these
    • those
  11. Indefinite Pronouns
    all, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, both, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, more, most, neither, nobody, none, one, other, several, some, somebody, someone, such
  12. Adverb
    An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.  An adverb answers the questions: How? When? Why? How often? How much? To what extent? Under what condition?
  13. Verb
    A verb is a word that does an action, shows a state of being, links two words together, or helps another verb.
  14. Gerund
    A gerund is a present participle verb from used as a noun. Example: I enjoy playing basketball.
  15. Appositive
    An appositive is a noun (or pronoun) directly beside another noun that explains or identifies it.  Examples: My friend, Alice...; My husband, Chris...
  16. Conjunction
    A conjunction is a word used to connect words, phrases, or clauses together.  (coordinating conjunctions: FANBOYS - for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
  17. Adjective
    An adjective is a word that describes a noun or a pronoun.  Adjectives tell what kind, which one, how many, or whose.  Adjectives that tell whose are also called possessive nouns (eg. Mother's dinner, the cat's toy).
  18. Interjection
    An interjection is a word or phrase used as a strong expression of feeling or emotion.
  19. Preposition
    A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence. Common prepositions: aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, over, past, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, underneath, until, up, upon, with, within, without
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Parts of Speech - 1st Language Lessons & Classical Conversations
Definitions and examples of parts of speech. Definitions taken from 1st Language Lessons by Jessie Wise & Sara Buffington, and Classical Conversations Foundations manual.