Ch 14 Med Terms

  1. Balan-o
    Glans penis
  2. Epididym-o
  3. orch-o
    testis or testicle
  4. perine-o
  5. prostat-o
  6. sperm-o
    sperm (seed)
  7. vas-o
  8. BPH
    • Benign Prostate Hyperplasia
    • Benign Prostatic Hypertropy
  9. DRE
    Digital Rectal Exam
  10. HPV
    Human Papilloma Virus
  11. PSA
    Prostate-Specific Antigen
  12. STD
    Sexually Transmitted Disease
  13. TURP
    Transurethral Resection of the Prostate
  14. Aspermia
    inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm
  15. Balantis
    inflammation of the glans penis
  16. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
    Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
    • BPH
    • Enlargement of the prostate gland
    • common in older men causing urinary obstruction
  17. Bulbourethral Glands
    • Pair of glands below the prostate, with ducts opening into the urethra
    • adds a viscid (sticky) fluid in semen
  18. Chlamydia
    • Most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America
    • often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread.
  19. Circumcision
    removal of the foreskin (prepuce), exposing the glans penis
  20. Condyloma Acuminatum
    Condylomata Acuminata
    • lesion that appears as a result of HPV
    • on the skin, lesions apear as cauliflower-like warts
    • on mucous membranes, they have a flat appearance 
    • venereal or genital warts
  21. Digital Rectal Exam
    Insertion of a finger into the male rectum to palpate the rectum and prostate
  22. Ejaculatory Duct
    • Duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle 
    • its fluid is carried into the urethra
  23. Epididymus
    • coiled duct on the top and at the side of the testis
    • stores sperm before emission
  24. Erectile Dysfunction
    • ED
    • Failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation because of physical or psychological dysfunction
    • formerly termed impotence
  25. Glans Penis
    • Bulging structure at the distal end of the penis 
    • glans = acorn
  26. Gonorrhea
    Contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membrane caused by invasion of the gonococcus Neisseria gonorrhea

    the condition was named for the urethral discharge characteristic of the infection, which was first thought to be a leakage of semen
  27. Human Papilloma Virus
    • HPV
    • Virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or the mucous membranes of the genitals
  28. Muccopurulent Discharge
    drainage of mucus and pus
  29. Oligospermia
    scanty production and expulsion of sperm
  30. Penile Prosthesis
    implantation of a device designed to provide and erection of the physical impotence
  31. Penis
    erectile tissue covered with skin that contains the urethra for urination and the ducts for secretion of seminal fluid (semen)
  32. perineum
    • external region btwn the scrotum and anus in a male
    • between the vuvla and anus in the female
  33. Prostate Cancer
    malignancy of the prostate gland
  34. Prostate Gland
    • Trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder and secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen
    • pro= before
    • stat= to stand
  35. prostatectomy
    excision of the prostate gland
  36. Prostate-specific Antigen Test
    • PSA Test
    • blood test used to screen for prostate cancer
    • an elevated level of the antigen indicates the possible presence of tumor
  37. prostatitis
    inflammation of the prostate
  38. Scrotum
    • skin-covering pouch in the groin divided into 2 sacs
    • each containing a testis and an epididymis
  39. semen
    a mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vesicle, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasim
  40. Semen analysis
    • study of the semen, including a sperm count with observation of morphology (form) and motility
    • usually preformed to rule out male infertility
  41. Seminal Vesicle
    • one of the 2 sec-like structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side
    • secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
  42. seminoma
    • most common type of testicular tumor
    • composed of immature germ cells
    • highly treatable with early detection
  43. sperm
    male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring
  44. syphilis
    • sexually transmitted infection caused by a spirochete and which may involve any organ or tissue over time
    • usually manifests first on the skin, with the appearance of small painless, red papules that erode and form bloodless ulcer called chancres
  45. testicle
    one of the 2 male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone
  46. testicular cancer
    • malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm
    • classified in two groups according to growth potential
  47. Transurethral Resection of the Prostate
    • TURP
    • removal of prostatic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope ( a specialized urologic endoscope) 
    • common treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH)
  48. Vas Deferens
    • Duct that carries sperm fro the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
    • vas= vessel
    • deferens = carrying away
  49. Vasectomy
    removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
  50. vasovasostomy
    restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after the vasectomy
Card Set
Ch 14 Med Terms
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