Modern America Exam 2

The flashcards below were created by user jphilli832 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Colonial Regime in Vietnam
    • France Dominant power in Vietnam 1860-1940
    • Vietnam in orbit of Chinese Empire which was very profitable for the French
    • Japan occupies Vietnam in 1940, After the War Japan declares war on France and France Gives Territory to them
  2. Ho Chi Minh
    • Leader of the Viet Minh
    • a communist who worked for Soviet Intelligence
    • wanted his country to modernize and emulate Japan to overthrow colonial Powers
  3. Viet Minh
    • Eliminated Non-communist groups in Vietnam so that they are a good alternative to the French
    • After WWII Vietnam won independence however France couldn't afford to let them go
  4. Outbreak of Vietnam War
    • 1946  War breaks out between Viet Minh and France
    • Initial U.S. Response was hands off, however it was decided that the U.S. needed French support in Europe which is when we got involved
  5. Crisis at Dien Bien Phu
    • in late 1953 French try to draw Viet Minh into open battle
    • put base in middle of Viet Minh Territory
    • Vietnamese put Artillery in hills around Dien Bien Phu and shell the hell out of the French
  6. American Debate surrounding going to war with Vietnam
    • Eisenhower consults advisors about going to war in Vietnam
    • Advisors say U.S isnt ready for another war, this was right after Korea.
    • Allied powers want nothing to do with this action
  7. Geneva Convention for Vietnam
    • Issue Cease Fire
    • Viet Minh get the North
    • French get the south
    • Highlighted problem between what the French want and what the U.S want were very different
    • French Want Colonialism
    • Americans want to keep communism out of the area
  8. Decision to Support Diem
    • French Create Vietnamese Govt and appoint Diem who is an anti communist Nationalist
    • He didn't like communism or the French
    • US Gives him 50 Million to buy equipment and Keep south vietnam from becoming communist
  9. Kennedys War
    • Diem created a Campaign to wipe out communists in the South
    • North begins to send agents to the south to organize things
    • Massive increase in aid to South Vietnam
  10. Civil War in Laos
    Kennedy decides to set up a government in Laos involving communist and non-communist factions
  11. Strategic Hamlet Program
    • Instituted by Diem
    • Idea was to concentrate peasantry which would ideally keep communists out
    • was intended to improve education, healthcare, and agricultural techniques
    • Unfortunately most villagers were unhappy about moving
    • In many cases the communists had already infiltrated the villages
    • Diem's government pushes things too fast
  12. Kennedy Admin Doubts Diem
    • Forces suffers at the hands of the Communists
    • Good deal of corruption his popularity was waning
    • Administration becomes disillusioned
  13. Buddhist Uprisings in Vietnam
    • Buddhist monks are suspicious of catholics and believe that Catholics are recieving better treatment
    • Several Buddhist monks set themselves on fire in protest
  14. Henry Cabott Lodge Jr. role in fall of Diem
    • Kennedy sends him to South Vietnam because they wanted an experienced diplomat
    • also Lodge is a republican and if things went bad Kennedy would have someone to blame for the failure
  15. Overthrow of Diem
    • Problem with Diem is he wouldn't do what the U.S wanted him to
    • Fall of 1963, Kennedy is persuaded to sanction a coup against Diem
    • Diem's death brings tremendous instability to the regions
  16. Martin Luther King Poor peoples campaign
    • King believed that dealing with the issue of poverty was the path to take after the victory of the civil rights movement
    • were a series of protest marches in washington
    • was created to push more government efforts to counter poverty within black community
    • King was murdered before the effort was launched
    • Was mainly unsuccessful because population was tired of the war on poverty because Johnson had set too many unobtainable goals.
  17. Fair Housing Law/Open Housing
    • Neighborhoods were segregated by race and often times ethnicity
    • This was particularly true in the suburbs
    • When blacks tried to move into white neighborhoods they were often attacked
    • Problem was created by govt. policy/ mortgage loans
    • FHA engaged in a process of Red-lining in which they wouldn't loan to you if you lived in a certain neighborhood
    • 1968 housing act made this illegal
  18. Philadelphia Plan
    • President Nixon implemented the first affirmative action plan
    • Was called Philadelphia plan - which allowed blacks to join a union in order to be hired for construction
  19. Daley Exclusion
    • Was kicked out of the 1972 Democratic convention because he didn't meet minority quotas for people he brought.
    • problem with this was, you couldn't win Illinois as a democrat without the support of Daley
    • Probably told his constituency to vote for Nixon
  20. Busing of Children under Affirmative Action
    • Wanted to move black students around to primarily white schools to counteract segregation
    • Whites have problem with this because they dont want their children to be around blacks
    • this was handled by busing kids across school district lines
  21. White Flight
    accelerated movement of whites to the suburbs
  22. Minority-Majority Rule
    • 1973   Supreme court tries to hand down a ruling
    • Resegreation was taking place among whites and blacks
    • supreme court eventually gives up on this
  23. Bakke Decision
    • Higher education was gateway to middle class and the elite,
    • California Davis Medical school was set aside as a school for medical students
    • Bakke was not admitted to the school because of affirmative action which was in conflict with the 14th ammendment
    • decision is made that schools may have an interest in diversity by strict quotas aren't acceptable
  24. Social Capital
    The things you must do to get ahead in whatever organization you are attempting to get into
  25. Feminism
    • beginning in the late 50's publications are created called feminine mystique
    • state that role of the housewife is stultifying
    • states that women need to have careers
  26. Environmental actions in the 60's
    • Port Huron Statement
    • Drafted by Students for a democratic society
    • was a radical critique of a American Society, the role of the military and large corporations in American Society
  27. Teach ins against Vietnam
    • in the beginning was a normal protest movement that one expected in a democratic society
    • Took Place a Berkeley
    • was concerned with speaking out against the war in Vietnam
  28. Free Speech movement at Berkeley
    • Administration changes their policy to prohibit any political activity on campus
    • students protest by staging massive sit in in the central administration building which prevented anything from getting done
    • the administration caves on the issue
  29. Role of the SDS (Students for a democratic society)
    • Until 1970's weren't legal adult until 21 which gave universities authority over students.
    • SDS's role was to stir the pot and to radicalize students
    • Their intention was to provoke violence and cause maximum disruption
  30. Columbia Protests
    Resulted in the university being shut down and students sent home
  31. Revolutionary Theater
    • Is a tactic like the civil rights movement that forces people to take a stand whether they want to or not
    • reaction to this form of protest was very negative
  32. 1968 Democratic Convention
    • Mayor Daley of Chicago wanted to shut down protests
    • Result was alot of people came with the intention of creating trouble
    • while the convention was taking place there was rioting outside
    • a general feeling was sweeping the country that it was falling apart.
  33. The Weathermen
    • Terrorist group formed from the SDS
    • Carry out over 100 bombings during the 60's and 70's
    • Blew up several people as well as themselves
  34. Days of Rage
    • a happening in Chicago that was intended to start a riot
    • was unsuccessful
  35. Black Power
    • is the Evolution of the SNCC and H. Rat Brown
    • want to get blacks and Jews out of the SNCC
    • Causes urban riots in LA, Newark and Detroit
    • Looting and arson are parts of these riots and contribute to the feeling that the country was going to hell
  36. Black Panthers
    • Created around the ideas of protecting blacks and defending society (black society) from police brutality
    • Really have local wars against the police and the Panthers
    • In retrospect the panthers fall into the category of Revolutionary theater
  37. Beatniks
    Poets and serious writers who make it clear that they are at odds with the nuclear Family and the urge to conform that took place in the 1950's
  38. Beatles
    Came to America in 1964 they are irreverent and witty and not impressed with those in authority. example of the counterculture movement
  39. Bob Dylan
    • Example of the counter culture movement of the 1960's
    • started off as a folk singer and was very successful
  40. Expanding Consciousness
    • Idea took root that using psychedelic drugs are mind expanding and you can see and understand things that you couldn't without drugs
    • postulates that the idea of taking drugs is good which becomes very destructive for alot of people
  41. The Summer of Love
    • Beatles perform in an international satellite communication all over the world
    • went to a Bohemian Community located in San Francisco and seemed like a model of the future.
    • What really happened was people took alot of drugs and had alot of sex and V.D. was a big problem
  42. Woodstock
    • Festival in upstate New york on a farm
    • 1.5 Million people went there
    • were completely unprepared for a crowd of that size however everyone behaved well and were patient with each other
  43. Altamont
    Disaster, hired hell's angels to provide security which ended in several people getting beaten and a couple ended up dying
  44. Environmental Movement and feminist movement
    • Nixon Adminstration Created the Environmental Protection agency
    • Women begin pushing into the male dominated workforce in the early 1970's
  45. Election of President Richard Nixon
    • Becomes president in 1968
    • democrats give him alot of problems during the election
    • very close election won with alot less than 50% of the vote
    • democrats controlled both houses of congress
  46. Nixon's vietnam Campaign
    Had secret plan to end the war in vietnam
  47. Nixon's Law and Order Campaign
    • Nixon wanted to calm things down because most americans feared that society was falling apart
    • there was a major increase in crime during the 1960's and the democrats didn't deal with the the root of the problem
    • Miranda rights are created
    • Didn't intend to prosecute protesters
  48. Nixon's Domestic Policies
    • Realized the New deal coalition was starting to fall apart. Nixon wanted to recreate this in such a way as to give republicans the majority
    • At this time labor unions still strong, but members are up for grabs as far as looking for candidates to support
    • Had to win over southern voters without embracing fighting against civil rights
    • had to convince northern voters that the things they agree about with him are more important that the things they agree on with the democrats
  49. New Majority
    • Plays Cultural Politics
    • The trick of cultural politics is to convince voters that the politician sees the world in the same way that they do
    • Appoints 4 supreme court Justices 3 are pretty good but one was really crappy
    • Busing allows nixon to gain support from both the north and the south
  50. FAP
    • Policy created under President Nixon
    • Family Assistance Plan
    • encouraged men to abandon their families
  51. Wage Controls
    Essentially guarantees people a certain wage doesn't work because the payments are too low
  52. Nixon's Diplomacy
    • wanted to adjust foreign policy to create a multi-polar world
    • Wanted the U.S to be in the center so that we would always be a necessary player
    • Wanted to have strong allies in all corners of the world
    • Searched for a way to manage conflicts rather than actively looking for peace
  53. Strategic Arms limitation agreement
    • is Firstly economic and limits the number of nuclear weapons built to save money
    • second it will preserve the balance of power
  54. Richard Nixon goes to China
    • 1952
    • opens trade with them
  55. Policy of Detente
    • Created by Nixon
    • Wanted to work things out between Russia and China and do this through support of the United States
  56. Nixon's Reelection
    • was not difficult
    • His opponent was McGovern who promoted massive cuts to the military, advocated giving Americans 1000 dollars a year and wanted to end vietnam immediately
  57. Watergate Scandal
    • Nixon
    • Wanted press leaks to stop
    • it was shady but he ran it out of the White house which wasn't a smart move on his part
  58. Mitchel's Plan for getting Nixon Reelected (Watergate)
    • Involved burglary and wiretaps to get intel
    • Guys who broke into Watergate, arrested, don't talk
    • press begins to circulate rumor that these men were given orders to keep their mouths shut
    • in early 1973 they are convicted and given max sentences, however, judge will commute their sentence if they talk
  59. Truth Comes out about Watergate
    Guys who broke in were paid by white house to be quiet and were given large sums of cash
  60. Dismissal of Haldeman and Ehrlichman by White House (Watergate)
    • were key figures on the white house staff
    • Testify to congress that  John Dean who was the presidents lawyer was in charge of the cover up
  61. The Role of John Dean (Watergate)
    • Was the Presidents Lawyer,
    • Testified to congress that he thought he was helping the president by paying off guys who broke into watergate
    • tells they that president told him to do this and he was simply following policy
  62. Role of the White House Tapes (WaterGate)
    • Revealed that Nixon had taping system installed in the White House and every time there was a sound it started recording
    • Nixon Refuses to hand over tapes citing Executive Privilege which means president doesnt have to give over communications between himself and his advisors
    • Sued by prosecutors over the tapes
    • by the time he was subpoenaed he couldn't destroy the tapes legally
  63. Supreme Court Rules on watergate Tapes
    • Essentially tells Nixon to hand over the tapes or be charged with a felony
    • He hands them over and he didn't know about the break in but did stage the coverup and signed off on the money to keep things quiet
  64. Nixon Resigns
    • Nixon resigns after the Watergate scandal,
    • Gerald Ford took his place
    • Ford Pardoned Nixon which was extremely unpopular at the time
  65. War Powers Act
    President cant order a military action unless congress approves it, this act has never been inforced
  66. Budget Act
    • Using the powers of Impoundment Nixon used this to bring Federal Spending under Control
    • Problem with this was Congress never came up with a way to enforce the Budget
  67. Sunshine Acts
    Requires Federal Agencies to post more about what they do in order to keep the public informed.
  68. Origins of Inflation 1965 onward
    • Origin of the Problem is the war in Vietnam, it was expensive and the timing was bad, spending on the war coincided with spending on the Great Society
    • By time Johnson leaves office prices go up 5-6%per year
    • Solution is to cut taxes and raise prices to fix inflation
  69. Monetarism
    • What really matters is the amount of money in circulation
    • Fix this by
    • Increasing Supply of money to decrease govt deficits
    • Basically the economy is stable as long as the govt doesnt print alot of money or take alot of money out of circulation
    • Important to control supply of money and you do this by raising interest Rates
  70. Stagflation
    Prices continue to go up but economy is stagnant with no new growth etc
  71. Nixon's New Economic Policy
    • Immediate problem was the issue of payments
    • First - don't give anyone cash for gold, this prompted the first devaluation of the dollar since the civil war
    • Implements wage and price controls with the result of 1972 being a very good year in which the economy grew and inflation went down, and exports grow
  72. A great Crash (Following Nixons New Economic Policy)
    • Long run of wage and price controls spelled disaster for the U.S. Economy
    • Effect is in 1972 when the economy grows and shortages begin to develop
    • Result is an inflationary Bomb that goes off by the end of 1972
Card Set
Modern America Exam 2
History from Vietnam to 1970's
Show Answers