Lit 1 Extra Points

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  1. Allegory
    a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one: Pilgrim's Progress is an allegory of the spiritual journey.
  2. Alliteration
    the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
  3. Allusion
    an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference: an allusion to Shakespeare | a classical allusion.
  4. Characterization
    • 1 describe the distinctive nature or features of: the historian characterized the period as the decade of revolution.
    • 2 (of a feature or quality) be typical or characteristic of: the disease is characterized by weakening of the immune system.
  5. Conflict
    In literature, the literary element conflict is an inherent incompatibility between the objectives of two or more characters or forces. Conflict creates tension and interest in a story by adding doubt as to the outcome. A narrative is not limited to a single conflict. While conflicts may not always resolve in narrative, the resolution of a conflict creates closure, which may or may not occur at a story's end.
  6. Connotation
    the abstract meaning or intension of a term, which forms a principle determining which objects or concepts it applies to. Often contrasted with denotation.
  7. Denotation
    the literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests: beyond their immediate denotation, the words have a connotative power. [See connotation for contrasting word.]
  8. Diction
    the choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing: Wordsworth campaigned against exaggerated poetic diction.
  9. Hyperbole
    exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
  10. Imaginary
    visually descriptive or figurative language, esp. in a literary work: Tennyson uses imagery to create a lyrical emotion.
  11. Irony
    the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect: “Don't go overboard with the gratitude,” he rejoined with heavy irony.
  12. Lyric Poem
    typically express personal or emotional feelings and are traditionally the home of the present tense. They have specific rhyming schemes and are often, but not always, set to music or a beat
  13. Metaphor
    a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable: “I had fallen through a trapdoor of depression,” said Mark, who was fond of theatrical metaphors | her poetry depends on suggestion and metaphor. [Comparison is made without use of like or as. See Simile for comparison of commonly confused terms.]
  14. Metonymy
    the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive, or the track for horse racing.
  15. Oxymoron
    a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (e.g., faith unfaithful kept him falsely true).
  16. Personification
    the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
  17. Pun
    a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings: the pigs were a squeal (if you'll forgive the pun).
  18. Satire
    the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.
  19. Setting
    the place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an event takes place: cozy waterfront cottage in a peaceful country setting. the place and time at which a play, novel, or film is represented as happening: short stories with a contemporary setting
  20. Simile
    a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (e.g., as brave as a lion, crazy like a fox). [Uses like or as. See metaphor for comparison of a commonly confused term.]
  21. Symbol
    a thing that represents or stands for something else, esp. a material object representing something abstract: the limousine was another symbol of his wealth and authority.
  22. Synecdoche
    a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa, as in Cleveland won by six runs (meaning “Cleveland's baseball team”).
  23. Theme
    an idea that recurs in or pervades a work of art or literature.
  24. Tone
    the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writing, situation, etc.: trust her to lower the tone of the conversation | there was a general tone of ill-concealed glee in the reporting
  25. Understatement
    the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is: a master of English understatement | to say I am delighted is an understatement.
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Lit 1 Extra Points
American Lit 1
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