MFT Hail Mary

  1. General Systems Theory
    • System have Universal Characteristics shared by all living systems.
    • 1930's Ludwig von Bertalanffy 
    • the whole (or system) is more than the sum of parts.
    • global and expansive rather than reductionist
    • "organized complexity" concerned with whole system not just parts
  2. Cybernetics
    1940s - frameworks which function according to laws of recursiveness, feedback and self-correction.
  3. Cybernetics Key Concepts-p24
    • Boundaries: permeable, selective, variability
    • Circular causality
    • Entropy
    • Equifinality
    • Equipoteniality
    • Feedback Loops
    • Amplifying (Positive feedback loop)
    • Attenuating (negative feedback loop)
    • Homeostasis
    • Isomorphism
    • Metaphor
    • Morphogenesis
    • Morphostasis
    • Process
    • Recursiveness
    • Ripple effect
    • Structures
  4. Human Systems Theory-p25
    • The primary domain of human systems theory is communication.
    • Decomposition Law: What passes between people and oneself is communication one
    • cannot not communicate 
    • Cognitive Maps - models-incoming info is perceived, understood, transformed and stored with behavioral response options - i.e. integration of experiences.
    • Maps - flexible, expansive or rigid and limiting.
    • David Kantor-critical identity image: how ones self image is formed.
  5. Communication Theory p26
    • verbal or non verbal
    • dysfunctional communication:
    • constant message (generally ignored)
    • self-canceling message
    • tangential
    • hyperbolic
    • echoing (repetitive-no new info)
    • Symptomatic
    • etc.
    • family therapist should evaluate verbal and non-verbal style to see if communication is effective
    • goal is to increase breadth and accuracy of individual's & family's cognitive maps.
  6. Transgenerational Models
    • Past generation's influence on present:
    • Bowen
    • Bowen Extensions
    • Contextual (Boszormenyi-Nagy)
    • Object Relations/Psychodynamic
  7. Bowenian Family Therapy
  8. affects choice of mate
    • each partner brings expectations, fantasies from family of origin
    • approx 2 years of tx  
    • problems maintained in ongoing patterns that span generations.
    • therapists differentiation predictor of ability to resist emotional reactivity with clients.
  9. Bowen Groupies
    • Philip Guerin
    • Betty Carter
    • Norman Paul
    • Monica McGoldrick

    • Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy
    • James Framo
  10. Bowenian Transgenerational System Theory
    • continuum: emotional fusion to differentiation
    • differentiate between thoughts and feelings 
    • solid-self vs. pseudo-self
    • lower level if differentiation=higher anxiety
  11. Bowen's Six Concepts:
    • Differentiation of self
    • triangles
    • nuclear family emotional process
    • Family Projection Process
    • Multigenerational Transmission Process
    • Sibling Position
  12. Differentiation of Self
    • family organism 2 competing needs: to be part of system and to be individual. 
    • when needs are not in balance, Anxiety results and emotional reactivity therefore either emotionally dependent or distant/avoidant.
    • non-dfferentiated seek love, approval, security and comfort and bring needs into family.
  13. Triangles
    • smallest stable unit in family.
    • 2 members fighting will bring in a 3rd to stabilize relationship.
  14. Nuclear Family Emotional Process
    (Undifferentiated Ego Mass)
    • Marriage partners tend to select mates at the same level of differentiation.
    • the less differentiation pre-marriage the greater the fusion between spouses.
  15. Family Projection Process
    • Undifferentiated parents transmit their immaturity (lack of differentiation) onto their children.
    • father reacts to stress by withdrawing and mother may become over-involved with child.
  16. Multigenerational Transmission Process
    "Emotional responses, nature and degree of intensity, are passed down from generation to generation."
  17. Sibling Position
    Sibling order predictor of role played in family emotional process
Card Set
MFT Hail Mary
How to Pass the MFT Exam