Chapter 10 Part 3 Theory

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  1. removal of the adenoids (pharyngeal tonsils)
  2. cutting one of the sinuses for the purpose of drainage.
    • antrotomy
    • (sinusotomy)
  3. recording the bronchi through imaging techniques using a contrast medium
  4. viewing a bronchus using an instrument
  5. a device that is positioned in the trachea for the purposes of establishing an airway
    endotracheal airway
  6. cutting out part or all of the ethmoid bone. usually done to treat chronic sinus infection
  7. surgically forming the larynx for the purpose of improving the voice for patients with hoarseness
  8. imaging technique used to assess the areas of the lungs that are receiving air, but are not perfused with blood, possibly as a result of a blood clot
    lung VQ scan
  9. portable device that delivers a measured dose of an aerosol medication for inhalation.
    metered dose inhaler (MDI)
  10. a battery- or electric-powered device/machine used to turn a liquid medication into a fine mist for inhalation through a mouthpiece or facemask.

    (HHN=hand held nebulizer= portable form)
  11. instrument used in a pulmonary function test (PFT) to measure breathing capacity
    peak flow meter
  12. one of the most common imaging techniques; used to visualize abnormalities of the respiratory system.
    plain radiography, chest (CXR)
  13. surgical puncture to remove fluid or air from the pleural cavity
  14. mechanical fixation of the two pleural membranes in order to prevent pleural effusions

    (if done chemically=pleurosclerosis)
  15. surgical separation of pleural adhesions through the use of an endoscope and electrical cauterization
  16. a method of providing assistance in exhalation through the use of an endotracheal tube, a tracheostomy, a face mask, or nasal prongs
    positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP)
  17. a method of breathing assistance to increase a patient's ability to inhale through an endotracheal tube
    positive support ventilation (PSV)
  18. excision of a segment or lobe of the lung or the entire lung
    pulmonary resections and excisions
  19. when an entire lobe is resected
  20. when the entire lung is resected
  21. measuring the oxygen level of the blood using a noninvasive, cliplike device attached to either the ear lobe or the fingertip
    pulse oximetry
  22. surgically forming by correcting, altering, supplementing, or replacing the nose
  23. surgically straightening the wall between the nares to correct a deviation
  24. test to measure the air capacity of the lungs
  25. the creation of a new opening between the trachea and the esophagus after a laryngectomy to preserve the ability to speak
    tracheoesophageal fistulization
  26. new opening of the trachea
  27. cutting the trachea to establish an airway
  28. cutting out part or all of the turbinate bone, usually the inferior turbinate, to allow for greater air flow
  29. general term for devices that assist the breathing process
Card Set
Chapter 10 Part 3 Theory
Chapter 10 Part 3 Theory
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