AP english

  1. Augustan Age
    the period of English literature in the early 18th century, when writers such as Swift and Pope were active. The name comes from Roman emperor Augustus, who ruled when Virgil, Horace and Ovid were writing, and suggests a classical period of elegant literature.
  2. Cavalier poets
    • a group of English poets associated with Charles I .
    • 1637 and 1660.
    •  embodied the life and culture of upper-class, pre-Commonwealth England, mixing sophistication with naïveté, elegance with raciness.
    • courtly themes of beauty, love, and loyalty, they produced finely finished verses, expressed with wit and directness. The poetry reveals their indebtedness to both Ben Jonson and John Donne.

    Robert Herrick, Richard Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Thomas 
    • An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. 
    •  John Donne's "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning,"  Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass.  In Richard II, Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance.
  4. Epiphany
    a moment in which you suddenly see or understand something in a new or very clear way
  5. Haiku
    A Japanese lyric verse form having three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, traditionally invoking an aspect of nature or the seasons.
  6. Machiavellian
    As an adjective, the word refers generally to sneaky, ruthless, and deceitful behavior, especially in regard to a ruler obsessed with power who puts on a surface veneer of honor and trustworthy behavior in order to achieve evil ends.
  7. metaphysical conceit
    usually classified as a subtype of metaphor. Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu.
  8. Parallel Structure
    Parallel structure is repetition of the same pattern of words or phrases within a sentence or passage to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance.
  9. Terza Rima
    A verse form of Italian origin consisting of tercets of 10 or 11 syllables with the middle line rhyming with the first and third lines of the following tercet.
  10. Villanelle
    a nineteen-line poem with two rhymes throughout, consisting of five tercets and a quatrain, with the first and third lines of the opening tercet recurring alternately at the end of the other tercets and with both repeated at the close of the concluding quatrain.
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