History 7 Chapter 9

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  1. What period of history followed the fall of Rome?
    Middle Ages
  2. When did the Middle Ages begin? and End?
    500 A.D. to 1500 A.D.
  3. What attitude did Christ and the first Christians have toward the Old Testament?
    They used the OT with reverence.
  4. Why was a new record needed in addition to the Old Testament?
    The world needed a permanent, completely trustworthy testament to the events of Jesus
  5. By what date was the New Testament completed?
    100 A.D.
  6. Who wrote the New Testament?
    Apostles or men close to an Apostle
  7. By whom was the NT inspired?
    Holy Spirit
  8. By what year had nearly all the books of the NT been accepted as the Word of God?
    By the end of the second century, and possibly by A.D. 125
  9. What is koine?
    the most common form of the Greek language
  10. what does the world church mean?
    assembly or body of people
  11. Where was the first christian church located?
  12. where did church leaders meet to discuss the problem of Gentile believers and Jewish laws?
  13. what was the decision of the meeting in Jerusalem about the Gentiles and how was it communicated?
    they decided that the Gentiles did not have to practice the Jewish laws of the Old Testament; they sent a letter to the churches in Antioch, Syria , and Cilcia
  14. what were three names for early church leaders and what do these names mean?
    • elder: priest
    • bishops: overseer or superintendent¬†
    • Deacons: servent
  15. who is the true head of the church?
  16. where did early Christian usually meet?
    at a private home
  17. what was their worship service like?
    they read scripture, they sang, and sometimes they would do the Lords supper
  18. how did the church of Rome come to be so respected?
    because it was the most important city in the Roman empire
  19. what is Apostolic authority?
    means the apostles had the final authority
  20. who is Diotrephes?
    he was a leader in the church who thought he was above the Bible
  21. who is Irenaeus?
    he was a leader in Gaul and he believed that every church had to agree with the church in Rome
  22. which church leaders became the rulers of the churches?
  23. what theory states that the bishops were the successors of the Apostles?
    apostolic successesions
  24. What theory states that the bishops of Rome is Peter's successor as the head of the church?
    The Petrine theory
  25. Would Peter have agreed with the Petrine theory?
  26. What did the bishop of Rome come to be called?
  27. Describe the attitude of Marsilius of Padua toward the Bible.
    he believed the Bible was the supreme athority
  28. What did Marsilius think of the Scriptural basis for the necessity of priest?
    he thought that they didn't need them and that they were unscriptural
  29. Why is it important in  Marsilius's criticism of the Petrine theory, that the Bible never says Peter even visited Rome?
    Because he wanted to prove to the Catholics that peter wasn't the head of the church.
  30. how does Acts 28:22 fit into Marsilius's argument?
    because the passage said that the people of Rome  says that they didn't even know about Christianity but if peter were there than they would have known
  31. Who called the council of Nicaea to discuss the controversy of Arianism?
  32. What was the result of the Council of NIcaea?
    They affirmed Christ's divinity
  33. Who remained the head of the church in the Eastern Roman Empire?
    The emperor
  34. What pope was first recognized as the supreme ruler of the church?
  35. Which emperor recognized Pope Leo?
    Valentinian III
  36. Who said that popes are superior to all human ruler in matters relating to God?
  37. When did the Middle Ages begin?
    500 AD
  38. What were services in the Roman church called?
  39. What word means "sacred act"?
  40. What sacred acts did Christ ordain?
    Lord's supper
  41. What name did the Roman church give to the Lord's Supper?
  42. What is Christendom?
    The part of the world in which Christianity prevails
  43. What is excommunication?
    being cut off from communication with the human rulers of the church
  44. What is Arianism?
    the belief that Jesus was not God but rather had been created by God the Father
  45. what did the Romanesque look like?
    rounded arches, door ways; not steep or sharp looking
  46. what did the Gothic church look like?
    pointed or sharp-looking, pointed arches, windows and doorways
Card Set
History 7 Chapter 9
Checkups from chapter 9
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