Chapter 5 Digestive System Part 3

  1. Radiographic imaging done after oral ingestion of a barium sulfate suspension used to detect abnormalities of the esophageal and stomach.
    barium swallow (BS)
  2. A rejoining of two ends of a cut esophagus, usually as a result of surgery to remove an esophageal defect.

    • esophag/o esophagus
    • esophag/o esophagus
    • -stomy making a new opening
  3. Viewing the esophagus, stomach, and first part of the duodenum to aid in the diagnosis of reasons for digestive bleeding, vomiting, and weight loss.
    esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)

    • esophag/o esophagus
    • gastr/o stomach
    • duoden/o duodenum
    • -scopy viewing
  4. Cutting a frenulum of the tongue to treat ankyloglossia.
    frenotomy, frenulotomy

    • fren/o, frenul/o frenulum
    • -tomy cutting
  5. Folding the fundus of the stomach around the distal end of the esophagus. Done to treat gastroesophageal reflux.
    • fundoplication,
    • gastroesophageal

    • fund/o fundus
    • -plication folding
  6. A new opening between the stomach and the duodenum. Anastomosis, a new connection between two (usually hollow) structures.

    • gastro/o stomach
    • duoden/o duodenum
    • -stomy making a new opening
  7. Surgically forming the stomach for the purpose of repair or reshaping. Usually performed as a type of bariatric (weight reduction) surgery. The stomach may be banded, stapled, or cut to reduce its size.

    • gastr/o stomach
    • -plasty surgically forming
  8. A new opening in the stomach. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is an opening in the stomach for the purpose of placing a tube for enteral feeding.

    • gastr/o stomach
    • -stomy making a new opening
  9. Cutting out part or all of the gums, usually as part of a treatment for periodontal disease.

    • gingiv/o gums
    • -ectomy cutting out
  10. Suturing the tongue, usually to repair a lesion or wound.

    • gloss/o tongue
    • -rrhaphy suturing
  11. The therapeutic use of nutritional supplements that exceed recommended daily requirements.

    • hyper- excessive
    • aliment/o nutrition
    • -ation process of
  12. Extraction of a tooth.

    • odont/o tooth
    • -ectomy cutting out
  13. Surgical correction of the roof of the mouth. May be done to correct a cleft palate or as part of a procedure to treat snoring.

    • palat/o palate
    • -plasty surgically forming
  14. An incision of the pyloric sphincter to correct an obstruction, such as pyloric stenosis.

    • pylor/o pylorus
    • my/o muscle
    • -tomy cutting
  15. Removal of a salivary gland (usually the submandibular) due to inflammation of the gland, stones, or cancer.

    • sialoaden/o salivary gland
    • -ectomy cutting out
  16. Surgical correction of a salivary duck, often following the removal of a stone in a salivary gland.

    • sialodoch/o salivary duck
    • -plasty surgically forming
  17. Surgically reconstruction of the mouth to correct malformation due to trauma, disease, or congenital causes.

    • stomat/o mouth
    • -plasty surgically forming
  18. uvulectomyRemoval of part or all of the uvula, usually to correct snoring.

    • uvul/o uvula
    • -ectomy cutting out
  19. Cutting out the vermiform appendix.If termed an incidental appendectomy, the removal was secondary to another surgery.

    • append/o appendix
    • -ectomy cutting out
  20. Introduction of a barium sulfate suspension through the rectum for imaging of the lower digestive tract to detect obstructions, tumors and other abnormalities.
    barium enema (BE)
  21. Fixation of the cecum to prevent or correct volvulus of the cecum.

    • cec/o cecum
    • -pexy suspension
  22. Viewing the lining of large intestine for screening for cancer, diverticulitis, or other abnormalities.

    • colon/o colon, large intestine
    • -scopy viewing
  23. Surgical redirection of the bowel to a stoma, an artificial opening, on the abdominal wall.

    • colon/o colon, large intestine
    • -stomy making a new opening
  24. Cutting out a diverticulum.

    • diverticul/o pouch
    • -ectomy cutting out
  25. Nutrition introduced through a digestive structure.
    enteral nutrition

    • enter/o small intestine
    • -al pertaining to
  26. Suturing a hernia. Approaches may be through an open incision or laparoscopically and may be simply sutured or include a mesh.

    • herni/o hernia
    • -rrhaphy suturing
  27. New opening between (anastomosis) the ileum and the ureters in order to conduct urine into the third section of the small intestines when the bladder and urethra are not functional.

    • ile/o ileum
    • ureter/o ureter
    • -stomy making a new opening
  28. New opening of the jejunum to the surface of the abdomen for the placement of a feeding tube.

    • jejun/o jejunum
    • -stomy making a new opening
  29. Cutting out part or all of the omentum. Done as part of treatment for ovarian cancer to remove cancer cells that have spread there.
    omentectomy, omentumectomy

    • oment/o omentum
    • -ectomy cutting out
  30. Surgical puncture of the peritoneum to remove fluid. Often used to treat ascites.

    • peritone/o peritoneum
    • -centesis surgical puncture
  31. Cutting out sessile or pedunculated polyps from the gastrointestinal system.
    polypectomy, GI

    • polyp/o polyp
    • -ectomy cutting out
  32. Cleansing the rectum and anus. An enema

    • proct/o rectum and anus
    • -clysis washing
    • .
  33. Process of viewing the rectum and anus. Used to view hemorrhoids or rectal polyps.

    • proct/o rectum and anus
    • -scopy viewing
  34. Process of viewing the sigmoid colon.

    • sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
    • -scopy viewing
  35. Nutrition introduced through a structure outside of the alimentary canal, usually by IV because the GI tract is nonfunctional.Enter nutrition provides sustenance through a feeding tube to the stomach or intestines.
    total parental nutrition (TPN)

    • par- near, besides
    • enter/o small intestine
    • -al pertaining to
  36. Process of recording the bile vessel. Radiographic procedure that captures images of the common bile vessel through injection of a contrast medium into the bile duct, after which a series of images is taken.

    • cholangi/o bile vessel
    • -graphy recording
  37. Cutting out the gallbladder. If done laparoscopically, the gallbladder is removed through the use of small incision in the abdomen.

    • cholecyst/o gallbladder
    • -ectomy cutting out
  38. Cutting out all or part of the common bile duct as part of a procedure to treat cancer in the proximal duodenum.

    • choledouch/o common bile duct
    • -ectomy cutting out
  39. Cutting out a stone from the common bile duct. May be done via an open or a laparoscopic approach.

    • choledoch/o common bile duct
    • -lithotomy cutting out a stone
  40. Recording the bile vessel and pancreas. An x-ray of the pancreas and bile ducts that is enhanced through the use of radio-opaque dyes; used to diagnose stones, strictures (narrowings), and neoplasms.
    endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

    • cholangi/o bile vessel
    • pancreat/o pancreas
    • -graphy recording
  41. Cutting out part or all of the liver. A total hepatectomy is performed for the purpose of a liver transplant. A partial hepatectomy is done for treatment of neoplasms.

    • hepat/o liver
    • -ectomy cutting out
Card Set
Chapter 5 Digestive System Part 3
Chapter 5 Digestive System Part 3