Social studies year 10 revision

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  1. Autocracy/Dictatorship:
    • One person has absolute power.
    • Usually needs an army to control people.
  2. Fascism:
    • One leader that has control of everything.
    • Often builds an army.
  3. What is a representative?
    Someone you choose to represent you/put forward your views.
  4. Communism:
    • Aims to give equal wealth to everyone.
    • No one can own anything personally.
    • Limited freedom of expression.
    • Fails because every single person needs to agree.
  5. What is Government?
    A person/people in charge of running a country or area.
  6. What is parliament?
    Where MP's meet to debate and vote on laws.
  7. What is a coalition?
    When 2 or more parties join together, usually to get enough seats in parliament to form a government.
  8. Democracy:
    • People vote for who they want as a leader.
    • Representatives are elected to speak the views of people.
  9. What are rights?
    Something you are entitled to/allowed to have.
  10. What are responsibilities?
    Something you have a duty/obligation to do.
  11. Monarchy:
    • King, Queens, Emperor or Empress rules the country.
    • Usually inherited.
  12. Socialism:
    Aims to give wealth equally to everyone.
  13. Capitalism:
    Everyone tries to make as much money as possible.
  14. Constitutional Monarchy:
    There is still a royal family but they are not in charge.
  15. What is an electorate?
    An area represented by an MP.
  16. What is an electorate vote?
    When you vote for a person who you want to represent you.
  17. What is a party vote?
    When you vote for a political party you want in parliament.
  18. What does MMP stand for?
    Mixed Member Proportional.
  19. How many seats does a party need to govern alone?
  20. How many seats are there in parliament?
  21. Name 3 parties and their leaders:
    • National-John Key, Gerry Brownlee.
    • Labour-David Cunliffe.
    • United future-Peter Dunne
  22. When did WW1 start and finish?
  23. When did WW2 start and finish?
  24. What was the treaty of Versailles?
    What were the terms of this treaty? (there are 6).
    • Punishment for Germany's part in WW1.
    • The terms were:
    • Loss of land-Over 70,00 square km of land was taken from Germany and given to nearby countries.
    • Loss of colonies:
    • The treaty took away all of Germany's colonies overseas.
    • Disarmament-The Army was not allowed tanks and was cut to 100,000 soldiers. The Navy wasn't allowed submarines. The air force was scraped.
    • Rhineland-The German Army wasn't allowed withing 50 km of Rhineland.
    • Blame-Germany got blamed for starting WW1.
    • Reparations-Germany has ton pay for cost of repairing war damage.
  25. How did Germans feel after WW1?
    Angry because they were not informed on how they were doing in the war and the Germans thought they were doing fine but then they forfeited.
  26. When was the National Socialist German Workers Party (NAZI) formed?
  27. When did Hitler become the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party?
  28. When did Hitler become Chancellor of Germany?
  29. What is a passport?
    An official document that proves your identity/citizenship.
  30. What does a visa allow you to do?
    Allows you to enter a country for a set amount of time.
  31. When drawing a graph you must:
    • Use a ruler.
    • Have a title.
    • Use even spacing.
  32. What was the great depression?
    The great depression is the period between 1929 and 1941 when the many people became poor due to their countries economic market collapsing and the government taking all the money from the banks to go towards paying off war damage repairs. Heaps of businesses closed and people became homeless.
  33. Why was the great depression an embarrassing time for men?
    It was embarrassing for men because they were ashamed that they had to get help from the Government.
  34. Why was it better to be married during the great depression?
    It was better to be married because men got the dole and were allowed food from the soup kitchens.
  35. What does origin mean?
    The place where movement starts.
  36. What does CBD stand for?
    Central Business District.
  37. What does eco-tourism mean?
    Travelling with the purpose of learning about the environment.
  38. What does counter-flow mean?
    Those moving against the main flow of migration.
  39. What are slums?
    An area of poorly constructed/temporary dwellings.
  40. What is seasonal-migration?
    Moving to one area for a fixed time then moving on again.
  41. What does commuting mean?
    The process of going to the workplace and back each day.
  42. What is urbanistation?
    The movement of people to the city.
  43. What is repatriation?
    When refugees are returned to their homeland.
  44. What party came into power in 1935 in NZ?
    Who was the leader? 
    • Labour Party.
    • Michael Joseph.
  45. How was New Zealand affected by the great depression?
    • New Zealand's main exporter is Britain.
    • Britain can no longer buy products from NZ.
    • NZ starts to have weak economy because we are not making as much money.
    • This leads to unemployment etc..
  46. When did NZ start to be seen as independent?
    After the Gallipoli war.
  47. Why did men from NZ take part in the Gallipoli war?
    They wanted to help the king and shared the same belief that Britain was right and Germany was wrong.
  48. What was was one issue with the Gallipoli war?
    The Maori were angry because they were not allowed to fight because the British thought that it was too cruel for the enemys to be killed by coloured people.
  49. What was the Gallipoli campaign?
    To take out the Turkish so they have easy access and so there are less people to fight.
  50. Why was Gallipoli a bad place for the war?
    It would of been hard to land without getting killed because it is a small area and the Turks were at shore, ready to fire when people arrive.
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Social studies year 10 revision
what i have learnt this year
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