1. Which nutrients are organic/have carbon?
    • Carbs
    • Proteins
    • Fats
    • Vitamins
  2. What is the RDA?
    • 300 g carb
    • 65 g fat
    • 50 protein
  3. What should you do if you want to look inside a body?
  4. What does amylase do?
    Breaks down carbs in the mouth.. found in saliva.
  5. What system do fat soluble vitamins go?
    Lymph system.
  6. What system do water soluble vitamins go?
    Portal system.
  7. What happens if you have TOO much sodium?
    Increase in LDL & you retain water.
  8. What happens if you have TOO much Potassium?
    An irregular heartbeat.
  9. What does calcium do?
    Helps with muscle contraction and nerve impulses.
  10. What are the three stages of Cancer?
    • Initiation
    • Promotion
    • Progression
  11. How do you find your RDA based on weight (kilo)?
    Lbs / 2.2 * .8g =
  12. What vitamin is found in the cell membrane?
    Vitamin E - donates an electron and acts like a body guard.
  13. What does vitamin C make?
  14. What happens if we don't have collagen?
    Scurvy - bloody gums.
  15. Is beta-carotene essential?
  16. What will a lot of beta-carotene do?
    Turn skin orange.
  17. What should you avoid to increase your iron?
    Tannins - coffee/tea, & wine
  18. What happens when you have a selenium deficiency?
    Enlarged heart.
  19. What are the two essential fatty acids?
    Linoneic & lynoleic
  20. What is food fortified with folic acid?
    To help the formation of a closed embryo.
  21. What organs work better when vitamin D is active?
    Liver, skin, kidney.
  22. What happens if you have a Vitamin A deficiency?
    Night blindness and cornea dry out
  23. What happens if a pregnant woman has a large amount of vitamin A?
    Birth defects
  24. What happens if you don't have enough vitamin K?
    Blood starts to clot.
  25. How much nitrogen is in protein?
    16 %
  26. How do you find how much protein is in nitrogen?
    (Nitrogen lost in urine) * 6.25 = protein represented
  27. What is a sign of Kwashiorkor?
    Swollen bellies
  28. What happens when your blood sugar falls too low?
    Glucagon is released
  29. What does secretin do?
    Tells the pancreas to release base.
  30. What does gastrin do?
    Tells the stomach to release HCL.
  31. What does CCK do?
    Tells the gall bladder to release bile.
  32. What is a deficiency of a low tyrosine?
    PKU - Phenyiketonuria
Card Set
- Midterm 3