Subtest 1 Reading.txt

  1. Allegory
    A story in which people, things, and events have another meaning.
  2. Allusion
    A reference in a work of literature to something outside the work, especially to a well-known historical or literary event, person, or work.
  3. Attitude
    A speaker�s, author�s, or character�s disposition toward or opinion of a subject.
  4. Connotation
    The implications of a word or phrase, as opposed to its exact meaning (denotation)
  5. Convention
    A device of style or subject matter so often used that it becomes a recognized means of expression.
  6. Denotation
    The dictionary meaning of a word, as opposed to connotation.
  7. Diction
    Word choice
  8. Euphenism
    A figure of speech using indirection to avoid offensive bluntness such as deceased for dead or remains for corpse.
  9. Figurative Language
    Writing that uses figures of speech (as opposed to literal language)
  10. Genre
    A literary form, such as an essay, novel, or poem. Within genres like the poem, there is also more specific genres based upon content (love poem, nature poem or form.
  11. Grapheme
    • The smallest part of written language that represents a phoneme in the spelling of a word.
    • It may be just one letter ( b,d,f,p,s) or several letters (ch, sh, th, ea, igh)
  12. Holophrase
    A single word that expresses a complete thought
  13. Hyperbole
    Deliberate exaggeration, overstatement.
  14. Imagery
    The images of a literary work, the sensory details of work, the figurative language of work.
  15. Irony
    A figure of speech in which intent and actual meaning differ.
  16. Jargon
    The special language of a profession or group:
  17. Literal
    Not figurative, accurate to the letter
  18. Lyrical
    Songlike, characterized by emotion, subjectivity, and imagination
  19. Metaphor a figurative use of language in which a comparison is expressed without the use of a comparative term like as, like or than.
  20. Morpheme
    • A unit of meaning that cannot be divided into smaller elements, such as the word
    • �book�
  21. Narrative Techniques
    • The methods involved in telling a story, the procedures used by a writer of stories or accounts.
    • Example:
    • Point of view, manipulation of time, dialoque, or interior monologue.
  22. Novel
    A fictional narrative in prose of considerable length
  23. Omniscient point of view
    The vantage point of a story in which the narrator can know, see, and report whatever he or she chooses.
  24. Onset
    • The initial consonant(s) sound of a syllable
    • Example:
    • The onset of bag is b-
    • Swim is sw-
  25. Oxymoron
    • A combination of opposites, the union of contradictory terms.
    • Example:
    • Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health
  26. Parable
    A story designed to suggest a principle, illustrated a moral or answer a question. Parables are allegorical stories.
  27. Paradox
    A statement that seems to be self-contradicting but, in fact, is true.
  28. Parallelism
    Phrases in a sentence are parallel when they have the same grammatical structure

    • Parody
    • A composition that imitates the style of another composition, normally for comic effect.
  29. Personification
    A figurative use of language that endows nonhumans (ideas, inanimate objects, animals, abstraction) with human characteristics.
  30. Phoneme
    • The smallest part of spoken language that makes a difference in the meaning of words.
    • Example:
    • If -2 phonemes /i/ /f/
    • Check-3 phonemes- /ch/ /e/ /k/
  31. Phonics
    The understanding that there is a predictable relationship between phonemes and graphemes
  32. Phonemic awareness
    • The ability to hear, identify, and manipulate the individual sounds-phonemes-in spoken words.
    • Understanding that they work together to make words.
  33. Phonemic Manipulation
    When children work with phonemes in words, they are manipulating the phonemes.
  34. Rhetorical Question
    A question asked for effect, not in expectation of a reply. No reply is expected because the question presupposes only one possible answer.
  35. Rhetorical Techniques
    The devices used in effective or persuasive language. The most common examples include devices like contrast, repetitions, paradox, understatement, sarcasm, and rhetorical question.
  36. Rime
    • A rime is the part of a syllable that contains the vowel and all that follows it
    • Example
    • The rime of bag is -ag
  37. Satire
    Writing that seeks to arouse a reader�s disapproval of an object by ridicule. Usually comedy that exposes errors with an eye to correcting vice and folly.
  38. Segmenting
    When children break words into their individual phonemes . They are also segmenting when they break words into syllables and syllable into onsets and rimes
  39. Semantics
    The analysis and study of meanings of words, phrases, and sentences.
  40. Setting
    The background to a story, the physical location of a play, story, or novel.
  41. Simile
    A directly expressed comparison; a figure of speech comparing 2 objects usually with like, as, or than.
  42. Soliloquy
    A speech in which a character who is ALONE speaks his or her thoughts ALOUD.
  43. Strategy
    The management of language for a specific effect.
  44. Structure
    The arrangement of materials within a work
  45. Style
    • The mode of expression in language
    • The characteristic manner of expression of an author
    • Such as: diction, syntax, figurative language, imagery, selection of detail, sound effects, and tone
  46. Syllogism
    A form of reasoning in which 2 statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them
  47. Symbol
    Something that is simultaneously itself and a sign of something else
  48. Telegraphic Speech
    Simplified speech or an early form of speech
  49. Tone
    The manner in which an author expresses his or her attitude, the intonation of the voice that expresses meaning. Described by adjectives, and the possibilities are nearly endless.
Card Set
Subtest 1 Reading.txt
cset vocabulary for reading language literature