Organic Chemistry

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  1. Compounds obtained from living organisms.
    Organic Compounds
  2. The study of hydrocarbons and their derivatives
    Organic Chemistry
  3. A compound that contains carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms
  4. Compound contains carbon and hydrogen and one or more additional element
    Hydrocarbon Derivatives
  5. Hydrocarbon in which all carbon-carbon bonds are single bonds
    Saturated Hydrocarbons
  6. Hydrocarbon in which one or more carbon-carbon multiple bonds
    Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
  7. A saturated hydrocarbon in which the carbon atom arrangement is acyclic
  8. Molecular formulas of all alkanes fit the general formula:?
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  9. The specific three-dimesional arrangement of atoms in an organic molecule at a given instant the results from notations about carbon-carbons single bonds
  10. Methane
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  11. Ethane
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  12. Propane
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  13. Butane
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  14. Pentane
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  15. Hexane
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  16. Heptane
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  17. Octane
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  18. Nonane
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  19. Decane
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  20. Name of IUPAC
    International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
  21. Group of atoms that would be obtained by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane
    Alkyl Group
  22. Formal IUPAC rule for naming branched-chain alkanes
    • 1. Identify the longest carbon chain, which may or may not be shown in a straight line
    • 2.Number the carbon atoms in the parent chain from the end of the chain nearest a substituent
    • 3. If only one alkyl group is present, name and locate it by number, and prefix the number and name to that of the parent carbon chain
    • 4. If two or more the same kind of molecule, indicate with a Greek Numerical prefix:-di, -tri, -tetra and -penta.
Card Set
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry review 11/17/2013
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