POS 2041 EXAM....5????? FAMU

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  1. Pluralism
    a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, principles, sources of authority, etc., coexist.
  2. Interest Group
    a group of people drawn or acting together in support of a common interest or to voice a common concern.
  3. Non-Partisan Election
    A non-partisan municipal election does not permit party labels to appear on the ballot.
  4. Partisan Election
    A partisan election is one in which party labels appear on the ballot.
  5. Ways to elect candidates into office
    Caucus, Primary Election, Nominating Election, Petition.
  6. Blanket Primary
    Allows voters to vote for whomever they please, without having to affiliate with one party or another, and without making any kind of declaration.
  7. Closed Primary
    only registered voters affiliated with a given party have the chance to go to the polls to cast their vote for their chosen candidate within that party.
  8. Open Primary
    a voter can cast his or her ballot for either party.
  9. Realignment
    Party realignment occurs when the minority party becomes stronger than the majority party, usually as the result of a minority party candidate winning a critical election.
  10. Dealignment
    Party dealignment occurs when no single political party is dominant.
  11. Soft Money
    "Soft money" is money donated to political parties in a way that leaves the contribution unregulated.
  12. Hard Money
    "Hard money" is from political donations that are regulated by law through the Federal Election Commission.
  13. Function of political parties in democracy.
    First, political parties develop policies and programmes. Second, parties pick up demands from society and bundle them into packages. Third, parties are the main vehicles for recruiting and selecting people for government and legislative office. Fourth, parties either oversee or control government depending on whether they are in government or opposition.
  14. Independent Expenditure
    a political campaign communication thatexpressly advocates the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate that is not made in cooperation, consultation or concert with or at the request or suggestion of a candidate, candidate’s authorized committee or apolitical party
  15. Role of Political Parties
    Parties are a way people with similar ideas can join with others to express their opinions. Factions and parties form because not all people think alike; conflict and differences of opinion seem to be natural to humanity.
  16. Proportional Representation
    The mecha-nism by which the winners, those in power, systematically ensure that the distribution of any rewards favours them and disfavours the losers.
  17. Political Party Platform
    a document stating the aims and principles of a political party
  18. Steps to the Electoral Process
    Choose Nominee, Go on Campaign Trail, Election Day, Electoral College.
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POS 2041 EXAM....5????? FAMU
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