terminology week 13

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  1. thyromegaly
    enlargement of the thyroid gland
  2. -megaly
  3. hyperthyroidism
    condition of excessive thyroid gland function
  4. hyper
  5. toxicologist
    specialist in the study of poisons
  6. endocrine
    secrete within
  7. polydipsia
    excessive thirst
  8. androgen
    any steroid hormone that increases masculinization
  9. andr/o
  10. thyrotoxic
    pertaining to poison associated with the thyroid gland
  11. gyycosuria
    glucose in the urine
  12. euthyroid
    resembling a normal thyroid
  13. -oid
  14. exocrine
    secretes outside of bloodstream
  15. hyperglycemia
    excessive glucose in the blood
  16. thymoma
    tumor of the thymus gland
  17. parathyroidectomy
    excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands
  18. pancreatotomy
    incision of the pancreas
  19. -tomy
  20. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  21. kalemia
    potassium in the blood
  22. glucogenesis
    forming or producing glucose
  23. endocrinology
    study of the endocrine glands and their functions
  24. adrenalectomy
    excision of one or both adrenal glands
  25. adrenomegaly
    enlargement of the adrenal glands
  26. hypoinsulinism
    condition of deficiency of insulin
  27. polyuria
    excessive urination
  28. poly-
    • many
    • much
  29. hypo-
    • under
    • below
    • low
  30. hyper-
    • excessive
    • above normal
  31. exo-
    • outside
    • outward
  32. eu-
    • good
    • normal
  33. -uria
  34. -toxic
    pertaining to poison
  35. -gen
    • forming
    • producing
    • origin
  36. -dipsia
  37. -crine
  38. toxic/o
  39. thyr/o
    thyroid gland
  40. thym/o
    thymus gland
  41. parathytroid/o
    parathyroid glands
  42. pancreat/o
  43. kal/i
  44. home/o
  45. glycos/o
    • sugar
    • sweetness
  46. crin/o
  47. calc/o
  48. adrenal/o
    adrenal glands
  49. diuresis
    increased formation and secretion of urine
  50. glucosuria
    abnormal amount of glucose in the urine
  51. hirsutism
    excessive distribution of body hair, especially in women
  52. hypervolemia
    abnormal increase in the volume of blood plasma in the body
  53. cerebr/o
  54. cerbrotomy
    incision of the cerebrum
  55. -tomy
  56. crani/o
    • cranium'
    • skull
  57. craniomalacia
    softening of the cranium
  58. encephala/o
  59. encephalocele
    herniation of the brain
  60. kinesi/o
  61. bradykinesia
    condition of slow movement
  62. mening/o
  63. myel/o
    • bone marrow
    • spinal cord
  64. neur/o
  65. neurolysis
    destruction of a nerve
  66. -lysis
    • separation
    • destruction
    • loosening
  67. -algesia
  68. -algia
  69. analgesia
    an absence of a normal sense of pain
  70. an-
  71. synalgia
    joined (referred) pain
  72. -asthenia
    • weakness
    • debility
  73. myasthenia
    muscl weakness
  74. -esthesia
  75. hyperesthesia
    increased feeling
  76. -kinesia
  77. hyperkinesia
    excessive movement
  78. -lepsy
  79. narcolepsy
    seizure of sleep
  80. -paresis
    partial paralysis
  81. hemiparesis
    partial paralysis of one half of the body
  82. -phasia
  83. aphasia
    without speech
  84. -plegia
  85. quadriplegia
    paralysis of four extremities
  86. -taxia
    • order
    • coordination
  87. ataxia
    without coordination
  88. pachy-
  89. pachymeningitis
    inflammation of the dura mater mening
  90. para-
    • near
    • beside
    • beyond
  91. paraplegia
    paralysis of the lower body and limbs
  92. syn-
    • union
    • together
    • joined
  93. synalgia
    referred pain
  94. uni-
  95. unilateral
    pertaining to one side
  96. ataxia
    lack of muscle coordination in the execution of voluntary movement
  97. concussion
    injury to the brain, occasionally with transient loss of consciousness, as a result of trauma to the head
  98. coma
    abnormally deep unconsciousness with an absence of voluntary response to stimuli
  99. closed head trauma
    injury to the head in which the dura mater remains intact and brain tissue is not exposed
  100. convulsion
    any sudden and violent contraction of one or more voluntary muscles
  101. dementia
    broad term that refers to cognitive deficit, including memory impairment
  102. lethargy
    abnormal inactivity or lack of response to normal stimuli
  103. paralysis
    loss of voluntary motion in one or more muscle groups with or without loss of sensation
  104. hemiplegia
    paralysis of one side of the body, typically as the result of a stroke
  105. paraplegia
    paralysis of both lower limbs, typically as a result of a trauma or disease of the lower spinal cord
  106. quadriplegia
    paralysis of both arms and both legs, commonly resulting in bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction
  107. paresthesia
    sensation of numbness, prickling, tingling or heightened sensitivity
  108. syncope
    • brief loss of consciousness and posture caused by a temporary decrease of blood flow to the brain
    • fainting
  109. Transient Ischemic Attack
    stroke symptoms the resolve within 24 hours
  110. antagonistic
    • acting in opposition
    • mutually opposing
  111. electrolyte
    mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
  112. glucagon
    hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates the liver to change stored gluogen to glucose
  113. glucose
    simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
  114. insulin
    hormone produced by pancreatic beta cells that allows body cells to use glucose for energy or store it in the liver as glycogen
  115. sympathomimetic
    agent that mimics the effects of the sympathetic nervous system
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terminology week 13
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