Jazz Review 2

  1. Who was Bix Beiderbecke?

    • First great white jazz musician,

    • very short life due to general health neglect and alcoholism, very different
    • from Louis Armstrong in that he played the coronet, used wider intervals, and
    • was introspective.
  2. What were Bix's three

    • 1. Wolverines

    • with Hoagy Carmichael (a group at Indiana University)
    • 2. Frankie

    • Trumbauer (Tram)
    • 3. Paul Whiteman (Very Commercial
  3. What did Bix want to be remembered as?

    He wanted to be remembered as a composer.
  4. What were the pieces of Duke Ellington that we studied?

    East St. Louis Toodle-Ooh, Concerto for Cootie, Blue Serge

  5. What are two identifying characteristics, or
    important facts about
    Concerto for Cootie
    • Recorded in 1940, written for Cootie Williams, words Were added later “Do nothing til you

    • hear from me”, Uses a plunger, used 4-5 different
    • sounds
  6. What was Duke's first band?
    Where was his first important engagement?

    Washingtonians” and the Cotton club
  7. What did the critics call Duke's music?

    • Critics said “Jungle Sounds”
    • BubberMiley
    • Plunger Mute
    • Growls
  8. What does the golden section (or golden mean) have to do
    with proportion in music?
    How do composers use
    Who discovered

    • •Based on the Fibonacci (1202) series
    • •Divide the larger number into the smaller
    • number = The Golden Mean
    • to balance the composition
  9. Who played with Benny Goodman in his quartet?
    Why was this group important?

    • Lionel Hampton, Gene Krupa, Teddy Wilson, and Benny Goodman
    • •First racially mixed band.
    • •Popularized swing, he became a pop icon.
  10. List three reasons why Thelonius Monk is
    Name one of his pieces that we studied.
    • 1. His work seriously challenged improvisers
    • 2. His music transcends a stylistic category
    • 3. Able to sounds as if he “bends” notes

    Straight, No Chaser
  11. Slam Stewart
    – bass - Used bowed bass style, bass bebop
  12. Dizzy Gillespie
    trumpet - worked with Charlie Parker, afro-Cuban influences.
  13. Dave Brubeck
    piano - mixed meters
  14. MJQ
    Modern Jazz Quintet, conservative, quiet dignified elegance
  15. Art Tatum
  16. Chet Baker
    • trumpet Pianoless Quartet. Main Focus was on Counter Point. Collective Improvisation…everyone
    • solos at same time
  17. Gerry Mulligan
    Sax player
  18. Lester Young
    sax - sax player, early, most influential sax player, light and airy sound
  19. Count Basie
    • piano - Kansas City swing style, capitalized on Brass
    • vs. reeds, first great rhythm section, riff based compositions, disappearance
    • of stride, Lester Young influence.
  20. Coleman Hawkins
    tenor sax
  21. Chano Pozo
    • percussion (drums) (Dizzy)
  22. Sidney Bechet
    • soprano sax
Card Set
Jazz Review 2
Midterm review questions